Realtime Data LLC v. CARBONITE, INC. et al
ORDER ADOPTING 56 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS. Therefore, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate Judge as the findings and conclusions of this Court. All objections are OVERRULED and Carbonite's 32 Motion to Dismiss is DENIED as set forth herein and in the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 56 ). Signed by Judge Robert W. Schroeder, III on 8/21/2017. (rlf)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
REALTIME DATA LLC,
CARBONITE, INC. et al.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 6:17-CV-121
JURY TRIAL DEMANDED
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
The above entitled and numbered civil action was referred to United States Magistrate
Judge John D. Love pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636. The Report and Recommendation of the
Magistrate Judge (Docket No. 56), recommending denying Carbonite, Inc.’s Motion to Dismiss
Realtime Data LLC’s Complaint for Improper Venue (Docket No. 32) has been presented for
consideration. Carbonite filed objections to the Report and Recommendation. Docket No. 62.
The Magistrate Judge’s findings and conclusions are reviewed de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1)(B)(C).
In its objections, Carbonite argues that the Magistrate Judge improperly found that
Carbonite waived its venue defense. Specifically, Carbonite argues that 1) it adequately preserved
an improper venue defense in its answer; and 2) it did not waive its improper venue defense by
filing a Motion under Rule 12(b)(6) because an improper venue defense was not available prior to
As part of these arguments, Carbonite notes that the Magistrate Judge did not specifically
address two pre-TC Heartland opinions in this District that stated the Supreme Court’s grant of
Page 1 of 5
certiorari in TC Heartland “does not change existing law” and that the movant in one case was
improperly relying on an “unestablished legal presumption that Section 1400(b) is the only
controlling patent venue statute.” Docket No. 62, at 1–2 (citing Intelligent Water Solutions LLC
v. Kohler Co., No. 2:16-cv-689-RSP, slip. op., Doc. No. 58, at 1 (E.D. Tex. May 2, 2017); Personal
Audio LLC v. Google, Inc., No. 1:15-cv-00350-RC, Doc. No. 71 (E.D. Tex. May 15, 2017)).
Carbonite also relies on precedent from other Circuits to argue that “a defendant is not required to
predict in advance how the Supreme Court may rule in a case.” Id. at 3. Carbonite states, “[t]o
suggest that Carbonite should have filed a Rule 12(b)(3) motion to dismiss prior to TC Heartland
or otherwise be deemed to have waived its venue defense is tantamount to unreasonably and
wastefully requiring a party to file a presumptive motion guessing at the myriad of ways an appeals
court might rule.” Id. at 4. Carbonite also argues that it properly followed stare decisis in
proceeding based on VE Holding. Id. at 6 (“based on the standard in VE Holding and this District’s
application of that standard in its pre-TC Heartland venue decisions, Carbonite risked this Court’s
rebuke were it to have filed a motion inconsistent with the precedent of this District.”). Carbonite
further cites to post-TC Heartland cases from other districts where courts either found TC
Heartland was an intervening change in the law or otherwise determined that the movant did not
waive its venue defense. Id. at 6 (citing Westech Aerosol Corp. v. 3M Co., No. C17-5067-RBL,
2017 WL 2671297, at *2 (W.D. Wash. June 21, 2017); Hand Held Prod., Inc. v. Code Corp., No.
CV 2:17-167-RMG, 2017 WL 3085859, at *3 (D.S.C. July 18, 2017)). Carbonite argues that the
Magistrate Judge improperly suggested Carbonite could have avoided waiver by waiting to file its
§101 motion and “[s]uch route unreasonably posits a defendant to delay filing a Rule 12(b)(6)
defense, based on what an appeals court might decide with respect to a different defense . . . a
highly prejudicial outcome.” Id. at 7.
Page 2 of 5
The majority of district court decisions have concluded that TC Heartland was not an
intervening change in the law. See iLife Techs. Inc. v. Nintendo of America, Inc., No. 3:13-cv4987, 2017 WL 2778006, at *7 (N.D. Tex. June 27, 2017) (“TC Heartland does not qualify as an
intervening change in law.”); In re Nintendo of America Inc., No. 2017-127, Slip. Op., Doc. No.
30, at 3 (Fed. Cir. July 26, 2017) (petition for writ of mandamus denied); Elbit Sys. Land & C4I
Ltd. v. Hughes Network Sys., LLC, No. 2:15-cv-00037, 2017 WL 2651618, at *20 (E.D. Tex. June
20, 2017) report and recommendation adopted by Doc. No. 430 (July 19, 2017) (“The Court need
not reach Defendants’ argument that a change in law constitutes an exception to waiver under Rule
12(h)(1)(A) because the Supreme Court’s decision in TC Heartland does not qualify”); In re
Hughes Network Sys., LLC, No. 2017-130, 2017 WL 3167522, at *1 (Fed. Cir. July 24, 2017)
(petition for writ of mandamus denied); Cobalt Boats, LLC v. Sea Ray Boats, Inc., No. 2:15-CV21, 2017 WL 2556679, at *3 (E.D. Va. June 7, 2017) (“TC Heartland does not qualify for the
intervening law exception to waiver because it merely affirms the viability of Fourco.”); In re Sea
Ray Boats, Inc., Case No. 2017-124, Dkt. 15, Slip Op. at 2 (Fed. Cir. June 9, 2017) (petition for
writ of mandamus denied); Chamberlain Group, Inc. v. Techtronic Indus. Co., No. 16 C 6097,
2017 WL 3205772, at *2 (N.D. Ill. June 28, 2017) (“the Court follows Elbit and Cobalt Boats . . .
in finding that TC Heartland did not represent a change in the law that would excuse waiver under
these circumstances.”); In re Techtronic Indus. North America, Inc. et al., No. 2017-125, Slip. Op.,
Doc. No. 25, at 3 (Fed. Cir. July 25, 2017) (petition for writ of mandamus denied); Navico, Inc. v.
Garmin Int’l, Inc., No. 2:16-CV-190, 2017 WL 2957882, at *2 (E.D. Tex. July 11, 2017)
(“[B]ecause TC Heartland does not qualify as an intervening change of law, this waiver is not
excused.”); Orthosie Sys., LLC v. Synovia Solutions, LLC, No. 4:16-CV-00995, 2017 WL
3244244, at *3 (E.D. Tex. July 31, 2017); Mantissa Corp. v. Ondot Sys., Inc., No. 4:15-cv-113,
Page 3 of 5
Slip. Op., Doc. No. 113, at 6 (S.D. Tex. July 26, 2017); Skyhawke Techs., LLC v. DECA Int’l Corp.
et al., No. 3:10-CV-708T-SL-RHW, 2017 WL 3132066, at *2 (S.D. Miss. July 21, 2017);
Koninklijke Philips v. ASUSTeK Computer Inc., No. 1:15-cv-1125-GMS, Slip. Op., Doc. No. 215,
at 10 (D. Del. July 19, 2017); Fox Factory, Inc., v. SRAM, LLC, No. 3:16-cv-506-WHO, Slip. Op.,
Doc. No. 72, at 5 (N.D. Cal. July 18, 2017); Reebok Int’l Ltd., et al. v. TRB Acquisitions LLC, et
al., No. 3:16-CV-1618-SI, 2017 WL 3016034, at *3 (D. Or. July 14, 2017) (“the defense of
improper venue was not ‘unavailable’ to Defendants before the Supreme Court issued its decision
in TC Heartland.”); Infogation Corp. v. HTC Corp., No. 16-CV-01902-H-JLB, 2017 WL 2869717,
at *4 (S.D. Cal. July 5, 2017) (“[T]he Supreme Court’s decision in TC Heartland does not excuse
Defendants’ waiver as to venue in this District.”); Amax, Inc. v. ACCO Brands Corp., No. CV 1610695-NMG, 2017 WL 2818986, at *2 (D. Mass. June 29, 2017) (“defendant’s contention that an
objection to improper venue under 28 U.S.C. § 1400(b) was previously unavailable is incorrect.”).
The Court agrees with these holdings rather than the small minority of decisions that have reached
the opposite conclusion. See, e.g., Westech Aerosol Corp. v. 3M Co., No. C17-5067-RBL, 2017
WL 2671297, at *2 (W.D. Wash. June 21, 2017). Accordingly, the Court overrules the majority
of Carbonite’s objections.
Carbonite’s references to stare decisis, pre-TC Heartland opinions from this District, and
its argument that it should not have been expected to predict the outcome of the Supreme Court’s
decision are unpersuasive. As the Magistrate Judge stated, “[w]ith a Supreme Court decision
looming, it is not unreasonable to require a defendant to raise the propriety of venue in accordance
with the federal rules and therefore preserve its consideration after the Supreme Court issues its
ruling.” Docket No. 56, at 4. In this scenario, a “risk of rebuke” from a district court is an
insufficient excuse for failing to take all the necessary steps to preserve a defense. Rule 12(g)(2)
Page 4 of 5
is clear that with respect to venue, “. . . a party that makes a motion under this rule must not make
another motion under this rule raising a defense or objection that was available to the party but
omitted from its earlier motion.”
Therefore, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation of the United States
Magistrate Judge as the findings and conclusions of this Court. All objections are OVERRULED
and Carbonite’s Motion (Docket No. 32) is DENIED as set forth herein and in the Magistrate
Judge’s Report and Recommendation (Docket No. 56).
SIGNED this 21st day of August, 2017.
ROBERT W. SCHROEDER III
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Page 5 of 5
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?