Evans v. Brouwer et al
MEMORANDUM ORDER overruling objections and adopting the magistrate judge's 52 Report and Recommendation. Signed by Judge Michael H. Schneider on 3/13/2015. (bjc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
DAVID W. EVANS
RUTH BROUWER, et al.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 9:13-CV-302
MEMORANDUM ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING
THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Plaintiff, David W. Evans, an inmate confined at the Eastham Unit of the Texas Department
of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis,
filed this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against defendant Jeremy Zwar.
The Court referred this matter to the Honorable Keith Giblin, United States Magistrate Judge,
at Lufkin, Texas, for consideration pursuant to applicable laws and orders of this Court. The
Magistrate Judge recommends defendant Zwar’s motion to dismiss be granted.
The Court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge filed pursuant to such order, along with the record, and pleadings. Plaintiff filed
objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation. This requires a de novo review
of the objections in relation to the pleadings and applicable law. See FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b).
After a careful review, the Court finds the objections lacking in merit. Plaintiff raises a
constitutional claim for loss of property without due process of law. As long as an adequate postdeprivation remedy exists, deprivations of property by prison officials, even when intentional, do not
violate the due process clause. Hudson v. Palmer, 468 U.S. 517, 104 S.Ct. 3194, 82 L.Ed.2d 393
(1984); Simmons v. Poppell, 837 F.2d 1243 (5th Cir. 1988); Marshall v. Norwood, 741 F.2d 761 (5th
Cir. 1984). Texas law allows recovery of monetary damages for loss of property that has been taken
without authorization. See, e.g., Murphy v. Collins, 26 F.3d 541, 543 (5th Cir. 1994) (in Texas, the
tort of conversion fulfills this requirement); Cathey v. Guenther, 47 F.3d 162, 164 (5th Cir. 1995);
Beam v. Voss, 568 S.W.2d 413, 420-21 (Tex. Civ. App. – San Antonio 1978, no writ) (conversion
is the unauthorized and unlawful assumption and exercise of dominion and control over the personal
property of another to the exclusion of, or inconsistent with the owner’s rights); Myers v. Adams, 728
S.W.2d 771, 772 (Tex. 1987). Texas Government Code §§ 501.007 & 501.008 provides an
administrative remedy to pay inmates who have claims for property lost or damaged by TDCJ
officials. TEX. GOV. CODE. §§ 501.007 & 501.008 (Vernon 2002). Despite an opportunity to do so,
plaintiff has failed to establish he has availed himself of these remedies nor demonstrate how they
Accordingly, the objections of plaintiff are OVERRULED. The findings of fact and
conclusions of law of the Magistrate Judge are correct and the report of the Magistrate Judge is
ADOPTED. A partial judgment will be entered in this case in accordance with the Magistrate
It is SO ORDERED.
SIGNED this 13th day of March, 2015.
MICHAEL H. SCHNEIDER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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