Griggs v. Director TDCJ
ORDER overruling objections and adopting 6 Report and Recommendation. A certificate of appealability shall not issue in this matter. Signed by District Judge Ron Clark on 4/16/2018. (bjc)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
GREGORY BARNETT GIRGGS
CIVIL ACTION NO. 9:16cv186
ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS AND ADOPTING
THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Petitioner Gregory Barnett Griggs, proceeding pro se, filed the above-styled petition for writ
of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The court previously referred this matter to the
Honorable Zack Hawthorn, United States Magistrate Judge, for consideration pursuant to applicable
orders of this court. The Magistrate Judge has submitted a Report and Recommendation of United
States Magistrate Judge recommending that the petition be denied.
The court has received and considered the Report and Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge, along with the record and pleadings. Petitioner filed objections to the Report and
Recommendation. The court must therefore conduct a de novo review of the objections in relation
to the pleadings and the applicable law.
Petitioner challenges a prison disciplinary conviction for attempting to establish an improper
relationship. The Magistrate Judge concluded that because petitioner did not lose previously earned
good conduct time credits as a result of the disciplinary conviction, he was not entitled to due process
of law in connection with the proceeding.
Petitioner objects to this conclusion. However, based on the authorities cited by the
Magistrate Judge, the punishment petitioner received did not constitute the type of “atypical and
significant hardship” that would give rise to a protected liberty interest. Petitioner was therefore not
entitled to due process of law.
Further, petitioner also complains that the disciplinary charge was written against him in
retaliation for a grievance he wrote in 2008. Officer Ognoskie wrote the disciplinary case against
petitioner in 2016. He states the charge was brought in retaliation for his filing a grievance against
Officer Ognoskie’s uncle, a lieutenant or captain, in February, 2008.
To establish retaliation, a petitioner must allege the violation of a specific constitutional right
and demonstrate that but for the retaliatory motive, the incident complained of would not have
occurred. Woods v. Smith, 60 F.3d 1161, 1166 (5th Cir. 1995). The petitioner “must provide direct
evidence of motivation or, the more probable scenario, allege a chronology of events from which
retaliation may be plausibly inferred.” Id. Mere conclusory allegations by a petitioner are
insufficient. The petitioner must allege more than his personal belief that he has been the victim of
retaliation. Jones v. Greninger, 188 F.3d 322, 325 (5th Cir. 1999).
Petitioner has failed to satisfy this standard. He has not provided direct evidence of a
retaliatory motive. Moreover, as the grievance was written against Officer Ognoskie’s uncle more
than eight years prior to petitioner’s disciplinary case, he has failed to allege a chronology of events
from which a retaliatory motive could be plausibly inferred. He had provided no more than his
personal belief that the disciplinary proceeding was motivated by a desire to retaliate against him.
Finally, petitioner asserts there was no evidence to support the disciplinary conviction. He
states Officer Ognoskie wrote in the offense report that petitioner told Officer Jeurgen that he wanted
to marry her one day. Petitioner states he did not make this statement. However, in order to
withstand federal habeas review, a finding of guilt in a prison disciplinary proceeding requires only
the support of “some facts” or “any evidence at all.” Gibbs v. King, 779 F.2d 1040, 1044 (5th Cir.
1986). The statement in the offense report constituted some evidence of petitioner’s guilt. Hudson
v. Johnson, 242 F.3d 534, 536-37 (5th Cir. 2001) (Information provided in a written incident report,
standing alone, can satisfy the “some evidence” standard.) As a result, there was sufficient evidence
to support the disciplinary conviction.
Accordingly, petitioner’s objections are OVERRULED.
The findings of fact and
conclusions of law of the Magistrate Judge are correct and the report of the Magistrate Judge is
ADOPTED. A final judgment will be entered in accordance with the recommendation of the
In addition, the court is of the opinion petitioner is not entitled to a certificate of
appealability. An appeal from a judgment denying federal habeas relief may not proceed unless a
judge issues a certificate of appealability. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253. The standard for a certificate of
appealability requires the petitioner to make a substantial showing of the denial of a federal
constitutional right. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84 (2000); Elizalde v. Dretke, 362
F.3d 323, 328 (5th Cir. 2004). To make a substantial showing, the petitioner need not demonstate
that he would prevail on the merits. Rather, he must demonstrate that the issues are subject to debate
among jurists of reason, that a court could resolve the issues in a different manner, or that the
questions presented are worthy of encouragement to proceed further. See Slack, 529 U.S. at 483-84.
Any doubt regarding whether to grant a certificate of appealability should be resolve in favor of the
petitioner. See Miller v. Johnson, 200 F.3d 274, 280-81 (5th Cir. 2000).
In this case, petitioner has not shown that the issues presented are subject to debate among
jurists of reason. The factual and legal questions raised by petitioner have been consistently resolved
adversely to his position and the questions presented are not worthy of encouragement to proceed
further. As a result, a certificate of appealability shall not issue in this matter.
So Ordered and Signed
Apr 16, 2018
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