Strong v. Livingston et al
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR FILING FEE AND COURT COSTS denying 151 Motion; denying 151 Motion for Costs.(Signed by Magistrate Judge B Janice Ellington) Parties notified.(mserpa, 2)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
April 12, 2017
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
CORPUS CHRISTI DIVISION
TABARI S STRONG, et al,
BRYAN COLLIER,1 et al,
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2:12-CV-106
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR FILING FEE
AND COURT COSTS
Pending is Plaintiff's motion for reimbursement of the filing fee and court costs
(D.E. 151-1, 151-2). In this lawsuit, Plaintiff sought damages and injunctive relief for
violations of his Constitutional Rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 as well as for
violation of his right to practice his Muslim faith pursuant to the Religious Land Use and
Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000cc. Specifically he claimed
that his right to grow a fist-length beard, a central tenant of his Muslim faith, was being
violated by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice – Criminal Institutions Division
(TDCJ-CID) policy requiring him to be clean shaven at all times. All Constitutional
claims were dismissed, leaving only Plaintiff's claim for violation of RLUIPA.
Bryan Collier replaced Brad Livingston as the Executive Director of the Texas
Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ). The Clerk shall substitute Bryan Collier as the
proper official capacity Defendant. FED. R. CIV. P. 25(d).
During the course of the litigation, and after the Supreme Court decision in Holt v.
Hobbs, 135 S.Ct. 853 (2015), TDCJ-CID twice changed its grooming policy, first to
allow Muslim inmates to grow a half-inch beard, and most recently, to allow Muslim
inmates to grow a four-inch beard. Once the policy was updated to allow Plaintiff to
wear a four-inch beard, his action was dismissed as moot (D.E. 145, 148, 149). 2 Plaintiff
now seeks reimbursement of the filing fee as well as his court costs.
A prevailing party is eligible for reimbursement of filing fees and costs. 28 U.S.C.
§ 1920; FED. R. CIV. P. 54(d)(1). Even though Plaintiff eventually received the relief he
was requesting, a change in TDCJ-CID policy to accommodate the practice of his
Muslim faith, he is not considered to be a prevailing party as that term has been
interpreted. A litigant should be considered a prevailing party when he "has obtained a
judgment on the merits, a consent decree, or some other form of judicially sanctioned
relief." El Paso Independent Sch. Dist. v. Richard R., 591 F.3d 417 422 (5th Cir.
2009)(citing Buckhannon Board and Care Home, Inc. v. West Virginia D.H.H.R., 532
U.S. 598, 605 (2001)).
While both the El Paso and Buckhannon cases discuss
"prevailing party" in the context of attorneys fees, the term "prevailing party" bears the
same meaning in connection with an award of court costs. Highway Equip. Co. v. FECO,
Ltd., 469 F.3d 1027, 1035 (8th Cir. 2006) (citing cases from Second and D.C. Circuits).
"A defendant's voluntary change in conduct, although perhaps accomplishing what the
Plaintiff's objections to the new policy are the subject of a separate lawsuit still pending
in this court, Strong v. Livingston, Cause No. 2:16cv131.
plaintiff sought to achieve by the lawsuit, lacks the necessary judicial imprimatur on the
change." Buckhannon, 532 U.S. at 605.
Accordingly, the motions for reimbursement of the filing fee and costs (D.E. 1511, 151-2) are denied.
ORDERED this 12th day of April, 2017.
B. JANICE ELLINGTON
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
NOTICE TO PARTIES
Any party requesting review of this order by the District Judge must file
objections within fourteen days of the date of receipt of a copy of this order. FED. R. CIV.
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