Gelover-Jerez v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER. Gelover-Jerez' 1 Motion to Vacate, Set Aside or Correct Sentence (2255) as to Criminal Case No. 2:10-cr-772 (Defendant No. 1) is Denied as second or successive, and he is Denied a Certificate of Appealability. (Signed by Judge John D. Rainey.) Parties notified. (yhausmann, 6)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
CORPUS CHRISTI DIVISION
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
JOSE FRANCISCO GELOVER-JEREZ,
Cr. No. 2:10-772
(C.A. No. 2:15-272)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Jose Francisco Gelover-Jerez filed a motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. D.E. 35. The Court concludes that it is not necessary to order a Government
response because “it plainly appears from the motion, any attached exhibits, and the record of prior
proceedings that the moving party is not entitled to relief.” Rule 4(b) of the Rules Governing Section
2255 Proceedings for the United States District Courts (2015).
I. PROCEDURAL BACKGROUND
Gelover-Jerez was sentenced to120 months in the Bureau of Prisons in 2011 based upon his
guilty plea to conspiracy to transport unlawful aliens, which placed in jeopardy the life of another,
and illegal reentry.1 He did not appeal.
Gelover-Jerez filed a motion to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255 in March 2014, in which he argued that the evidence was insufficient and his counsel failed
to file a notice of appeal. The Court denied the motion on October 29, 2014. D.E. 33.
Gelover-Jerzez was sentenced to 120 months on each count to be served concurrently. Id.
II. MOVANT’S CLAIMS
Gelover-Jerez claims that his sentence was based upon facts not proven to a jury, nor proven
beyond a reasonable doubt, in violation of Alleyne v. United States, — U.S. —, 133 S.Ct. 2151
III. SECOND OR SUCCESSIVE § 2255 MOTION
As stated supra, Gelover-Jerez filed a previous § 2255 motion in 2014, in which he raised
other claims. His current motion is a second or successive motion. In pertinent part, 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255(h) provides:
A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in section 2244 by a
panel of the appropriate court of appeals to contain –
(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of the
evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing
evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have found the movant guilty
of the offense; or
(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral
review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h).
Where a claim is second or successive, the movant is required to seek, and acquire, the
approval of the Fifth Circuit before filing a second § 2255 motion before the Court. See Tolliver v.
Dobre, 211 F.3d 876, 877 (5th Cir. 2000); see also 28 U.S.C. § 2244 (b)(3)(A) (“Before a second
or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall
move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the
application.”). Gelover-Jerez’ motion does not indicate that he has sought or obtained permission
from the Fifth Circuit to file the present motion. Until he does so, the Court does not have
jurisdiction over the motion. Accordingly, Gelover-Jerzez’ motion is denied as second or successive.
See United States v. Orozco-Ramirez, 211 F.3d 862, 869 (5th Cir. 2000).
IV. CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
An appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from a final order in a habeas corpus
proceeding “unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2253(c)(1)(A). Although Gelover-Jerzez has not yet filed a notice of appeal, the § 2255 Rules
instruct this Court to “issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse
to the applicant.” Rule 11, § 2255 Rules.
A Certificate of Appealability (COA) “may issue . . . only if the applicant has made a
substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). “The COA
determination under § 2253(c) requires an overview of the claims in the habeas petition and a
general assessment of their merits.” Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336 (2003).
As to claims that the district court rejects solely on procedural grounds, the movant must
show both that “jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of
the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the
district court was correct in its procedural ruling.” Slack, 529 U.S. at 484.
The Court finds that Gelover-Jerzez cannot establish at least one of the Slack criteria.
Accordingly, he is not entitled to a COA as to his claims.
For the foregoing reasons, Gelover-Jerez’ to vacate, set aside, or correct sentence pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (D.E. 35) is DENIED as second or successive, and he is DENIED a Certificate
It is so ORDERED.
SIGNED on this 28th day of September, 2015.
JOHN D. RAINEY
SENIOR U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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