Johnson v. Stephens
ORDER ADOPTING MEMORANDUM AND RECOMMENDATIONS granting 15 MOTION for Summary Judgment with Brief in Support, re: 35 Memorandum and Recommendations, 41 Memorandum and Recommendations. Certificate of Appealability is denied. (Signed by Judge Hilda G Tagle) Parties notified.(srussell, 2)
United States District Court
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
CORPUS CHRISTI DIVISION
LORIE DAVIS, et al,
Southern District of Texas
March 29, 2017
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL NO. 2:15-CV-470
Petitioner Jerome Johnson (“Johnson”), an inmate in the Texas Department
of Criminal Justice (“TDCJ”) – Correctional Institutions Division, has filed a
petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 to challenge a
disciplinary proceeding and his related conviction at the McConnell Unit in
Beeville, Texas, where he is currently incarcerated. Dkt. No. 1. He has also filed a
request for a preliminary injunction, asking for the Court to enjoin Respondent
Davis and her subordinates from harassing and retaliating against him as a result
of his challenge to his disciplinary conviction. See Dkt. No. 36. Johnson does not
challenge his holding convictions. Id. at 2.
In disciplinary case number 20150349356, Johnson was accused and found
guilty of attempting to establish an inappropriate relationship with a correctional
officer. Dkt. No. 26-3 at 3. As to the basis for this disciplinary offense, Johnson was
accused of “throwing kisses” at a correctional officer and handing her his
identification. Id. His punishment included: (1) the loss of 45 days loss of
commissary, property, and telephone privileges; (2) the loss of 15 days good-time
credits, and (3) a reduction in his line class from L1 to L2. Dkt. No. 26-3; Dkt. No.
15 at 3. Johnson disputed his guilt and the findings made in his disciplinary
proceedings, and appealed the finding of guilty through the TDCJ grievance
procedure. His grievance was denied at both Step 1 and Step 2. Dkt. No. 26-3 at 3.
The Court has before it: Johnson’s petition, Dkt. No. 1; Respondents’ motion
for summary judgment, Dkt. No. 15; Johnson’s response, Dkt. No. 18; the
Memorandum and Recommendations (“M&R”) of the magistrate judge this case was
referred to pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) addressing Respondents’ motion for
summary judgment, Dkt. No. 35, in which Johnson’s objections to authenticated
summary judgment evidence submitted by Respondents pursuant to the order of the
magistrate judge, Dkt. No. 33, are overruled; Johnson’s motion for a preliminary
injunction, Dkt. No. 36; and the magistrate judge’s M&R addressing Johnson’s
motion for a preliminary injunction, to which Johnson did not respond. The Court
reviews objected-to portions of a magistrate judge’s proposed findings and
recommendations de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) (“A judge of the court shall make a
de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings
and recommendations to which objection is made.”).
The M&R addressing Respondents’ summary judgment motion recommends
that it be granted, and Johnson’s action for habeas corpus relief be denied on the
merits, with the exception of one claim under the Eighth Amendment, which it
recommends the Court dismiss without prejudice. Dkt. No. 35 at 10. This M&R
details the applicable law and reasons for these recommendations in detail. See id.
It further recommends that a Certificate of Appealability be denied. Id. Johnson
objects to the M&R addressing summary judgment on the bases that it applied the
wrong summary judgment standard to Respondents’ motion and Johnson’s
response, and ignored evidence raising a genuine issue of material fact. See Dkt. No.
40. On review of the M&R’s application of summary judgment law to Respondents’
motion, the Court finds no legal error in its application to Johnson’s claims.
Summary judgment is appropriate under the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure “if the pleadings, the discovery and disclosure materials on file, and any
affidavits show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the
movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(c). In his
petition, Johnson alleges violations of his due process rights stemming from his
disciplinary hearing and conviction that are not cognizable under any set of facts.
See Dkt. No. 35 at 5-9. For instance, Johnson’s claim that he has a protected liberty
interest in his good-time credits cannot be squared with settled Fifth Circuit law
stating that a petitioner must be eligible for release to mandatory supervision to
claim such an interest, in view of the fact that Johnson is statutorily ineligible for
such release because of his conviction for second-degree sexual assault. See Arnold
v. Cockrell, 306 F.3d 277, 278 (5th Cir. 2002); Tex. Gov’t Code § 508.149(a)(8)(West
2001). In sum, on independent review of Respondents’ motion, Johnson’s response,
and the M&R addressing them, as well as the remainder of the record in this case
and applicable law, the Court finds no reason to disturb the findings of this M&R,
Dkt. No. 35.
The M&R addressing Johnson’s preliminary injunction suggests that it be
denied without prejudice, as it fails to meet any of the four factors required to
obtain a preliminary injunction under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Fed.
R. Civ. P. 65(a). On independent review of Johnson’s motion and the M&R
addressing it, as well as applicable law, the Court finds no reason to disturb the
findings of this M&R, Dkt. No. 41. Yet Johnson’s request for injunctive relief
reiterates Eighth Amendment claims alleging retaliation and harassment in
response to his challenge to his disciplinary conviction from his petition. The Court
notes, as the magistrate judge did, that while such claims are not proper under a
§ 2254 motion, they may be brought in a civil rights lawsuit filed pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1983.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court adopts the entirety of the magistrate
judge’s proposed findings and recommendations in Dkt. Nos. 35 and 41; GRANTS
Respondent’s motion for summary judgment, Dkt. No. 15; DISMISSES WITHOUT
PREJUDICE Johnson’s cause of action for violation of his Eighth Amendment
rights, which he is free to file pursuant to § 1983; DENIES Johnson’s cause of
action for habeas corpus relief, Dkt. No. 1; and DENIES Johnson a Certificate of
Appealability. The Court further DIRECTS the Clerk to close this case after
entering the accompanying judgment.
It is so ORDERED.
SIGNED this 28th day of March, 2017.
Senior United States District Judge
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