Davis v. City Of Galveston et al
OPINION AND ORDER granting 6 Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim as to the Fourteenth Amendment Claim of Davis and that claim is DISMISSED; denying as moot 6 Motion for Sanctions which the Court has previously cured Davis pleading violations through redactions.(Signed by Magistrate Judge John R Froeschner) Parties notified.(sanderson, 3)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
REGINALD DEON DAVIS
CITY OF GALVESTON,
ARCHIE CHAPMAN, JR.
and JOSE H. SANTOS, JR.
CIVIL ACTION NO. G-13-287
OPINION AND ORDER
Before the Court, with the consent of the Parties, is the “Motion to Dismiss and for
Sanctions” of Defendants, City of Galveston, Archie Chapman, Jr. and Jose H. Santos, Jr.; the
Motion seeks the dismissal of the excessive use of force claim asserted under the Fourteenth
Amendment by Plaintiff, Reginald Deon Davis, and the imposition of sanctions for Davis’
alleged pleading violations.
In his Complaint, Davis alleges that he was the victim of unnecessary and excessive force
at the hands of Galveston police officers Chapman, Santos and three other unidentified officers
during his arrest on March 19, 2013, in Galveston, Texas. In Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S.
386, 395 (1989), the United States Supreme Court held that
All claims that law enforcement officers had used excessive force - deadly or not
- in the course of an arrest, investigatory stop, or other “seizure” of a free citizen
should be analyzed under the Fourth Amendment and its “reasonableness”
standard, rather than under a “substantive due process” approach.
Since it is clear that any alleged use of excessive force occurred during Davis’ arrest and not
during any subsequent pretrial detainment, his only remedy is under the Fourth Amendment.
Cf. Gutierrez v. City of San Antonio, 139 F.3d 441, 452 (5th Cir. 1998)
No amount of
discovery will support Davis’ claim under the Fourteenth Amendment.
It is, therefore, ORDERED that the Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (Instrument no. 6)
the Fourteenth Amendment Claim of Davis is GRANTED and that claim is DISMISSED.
The Court has previously “cured” Davis’ pleading violations through redactions and the
Defendants’ Motion for Sanctions (Instrument no. 6) is, therefore, DENIED as moot.
DONE at Galveston, Texas, this
day of October, 2013.
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