Covington v. Covington et al
OPINION AND ORDER denying 111 Motion for Reconsideration.(Signed by Judge Melinda Harmon) Parties notified.(rhawkins)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
JEFFERY COVINGTON, et al,
July 13, 2017
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL ACTION NO. 4:13-CV-03300
OPINION AND ORDER
Pending before the Court in the above-referenced cause is Plaintiff’s Motion for
Reconsideration. Doc. 111. Having considered the Motion, Defendant City of Madisonville’s
(“City”) Response in Opposition, Doc. 112, this Court’s previous Opinion and Order, Doc. 110,
the record, and the relevant law, the Court concludes that Plaintiff’s Motion should be denied.
The facts of this case were recited extensively in this Court’s prior Opinion and Order,
Doc. 110, and need not be repeated here except to the limited extent necessary to understand the
context of the present Motion.
In her Complaint, Plaintiff alleges that her ex-husband, Defendant Jeffrey Covington,
violated § 1983 by acting under color of state law and conspiring with other municipal officials
in securing Plaintiff’s false arrest. See Doc. 1. According to Plaintiff, the City was aware of, but
“intentionally disregarded, ratified, protected, and directly allowed,” Covington’s actions. Doc.
98 ¶ 408. Plaintiff also alleges that the City is liable because it demonstrated deliberate
indifference to Plaintiff’s constitutional rights by failing to supervise its officers and wrongfully
hiring Covington. Id. ¶¶ 401–411.
The City responded to Plaintiff’s allegations by filing a Motion to Dismiss. Doc. 103. In
its Motion, the City argues that Plaintiff’s claims against it must be dismissed because she
alleged no cognizable Fourteenth Amendment claims, her official-capacity claims against
individual defendants and her claims against the police department are duplicative of her claims
against the City, and there are no factual allegations that the City caused any deprivation of
Plaintiff’s rights or was deliberately indifferent. Id. ¶¶ 1–6.
After a thorough consideration of the parties’ arguments and relevant case law, on
February 16, 2017, this Court granted the City’s Motion and dismissed Plaintiff’s claims against
the City because “Plaintiff’s allegations against the City cannot support the second or third
element of a claim for municipal liability.” Doc. 110 at 19. Specifically, Plaintiff failed to allege
“an official policy” that was “the moving force behind the violation of a constitutional right.” Id.
at 11. (citing Peterson v. City of Fort Worth, 588 F.3d 838, 847 (5th Cir. 2009)). Furthermore,
because Plaintiff had “already been afforded an opportunity to amend her claims against the City
and has again failed to state claims capable of surviving the City’s motions to dismiss,” the Court
concluded that granting her leave to amend yet again would be futile and denied her request to
do so. Doc. 110 at 21.
On March 16, 2017, Plaintiff filed her pending Motion for Reconsideration urging the
Court to reconsider its dismissal of her claims against the City or, alternatively, allow her to
further amend her complaint to clarify her allegations. Doc. 111 at 1. The City filed its Response
in Opposition on April 6, 2017. Doc. 112. Plaintiff’s Motion is now ripe for consideration.
II. Legal Standard
A motion for reconsideration “calls into question the correctness of a judgment.” In re
Transtexas Gas Corp., 303 F.3d 571, 581 (5th Cir. 2002). “[S]uch a motion is not the proper
vehicle for rehashing evidence, legal theories, or arguments that could have been offered or
raised before the entry of judgment.” Templet v. Hydro Chem., Inc., 367 F.3d 473, 479 (5th Cir.
2004) (citing Simon v. United States, 891 F.2d 1154, 1159 (5th Cir. 1990)). Rather, it merely
serves to allow “a party ‘to correct manifest errors of law or fact or to present newly discovered
evidence.’” Waltman v. Int’l Paper Co., 875 F.2d 468, 473 (5th Cir. 1989) (quoting Keene Corp.
v. Int’l Fidelity Ins. Co., 561 F. Supp. 656, 665 (N.D. Ill. 1982), aff’d, 735 F.2d 1367 (7th Cir.
1984)). A motion for reconsideration may also be used to bring an intervening change in the
controlling law to the court’s attention. Schiller v. Physicians Res. Grp., Inc., 342 F.3d 563, 567–
68 (5th Cir. 2003) (citing In re Benjamin Moore & Co., 318 F.3d 626, 629 (5th Cir. 2002)).
Nevertheless, “[r]econsideration of a judgment after its entry is an extraordinary remedy that
should be used sparingly.” Templet, 367 F. 3d at 479 (citing Clancy v. Emp’rs Health Ins. Co.,
101 F. Supp. 2d 463, 465 (E.D. La. 2000)).
In this case, Plaintiff’s Motion does not identify any manifest error of law or fact in the
Court’s prior Opinion and Order. See Doc. 111. Nor does it bring the Court’s attention to any
change in the controlling law. See id. Rather, Plaintiff simply rehashes her previous arguments
and takes issue with the Court’s alleged failure to specifically address all of her “critical
allegations establishing municipal liability.” Id. at 1. Such arguments are not a legitimate ground
for relief under a Rule 59(e) motion for reconsideration. See Ross v. Marshall, 426 F.3d 745, 763
(5th Cir. 2005) (providing examples of proper and improper use of motion for reconsideration).
The Court need not specifically respond to every one of Plaintiff’s allegations in order to
conclude that she failed to meet the pleading standard for municipal liability. Accordingly, the
Court stands by its previous Opinion and Order.
For the foregoing reasons, it is hereby
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Reconsideration, Doc. 111, is DENIED.
SIGNED at Houston, Texas, this 13th day of July, 2017.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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