USOR Site PRP Group v. A&M Contractors, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM ON PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENTS granting #3186 Plaintiff's Cross-Motion for Partial Summary Judgment against Arranger defendants: AAR Inc.; Angelica Textile Services, Inc., Berg Environmental Services, Inc., Cole Chemical & Distributing Inc., Flex Oil Service, LLC, REM Research Group, Inc., Sunbelt Steel Texas, Inc., Taylor Press Products Co., United Environmental Services, LLC, and Western Oilfields Supply Co. d/b/a Rain for Rent. The transporter defendants in this Memorandum include: Berg Environmental, E-Transport Carriers, Inc., Firebird Bulk Carriers, Inc., K-3 Resources, L.P. d/b/a K-3BMI, Pulido Trucking, LP, Texas Water Management LLC, and United Environmental Services, LLC.(Signed by Judge Kenneth M Hoyt) Parties notified.(chorace)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
June 28, 2017
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
USOR SITE PRP GROUP,
A&M CONTRACTORS, INC., et al,
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL ACTION NO. 4:14-CV-2441
MEMORANDUM ON PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENTS
Before the Court are the several motions for partial summary judgment by the plaintiff,
USOR Site PROP Group (“USOR”), against Arranger defendants: AAR Inc. (“AAR”); Angelica
Textile Services, Inc. (“Angelica Textile”), Berg Environmental Services, Inc. (“Berg
Environmental”), Cole Chemical & Distributing Inc. (“Cole Chemical”), Flex Oil Service, LLC
(“Flex Oil”), REM Research Group, Inc. (“REM Research”), Sunbelt Steel Texas, Inc. (“Sunbelt
Steel”), Taylor Press Products Co. (“Taylor Press”), United Environmental Services, LLC
(“UES”), and Western Oilfields Supply Co. d/b/a Rain for Rent (“Rain for Rent”).
The transporter defendants in this Memorandum include:
Berg Environmental, E-
Transport Carriers, Inc. (“E-Transport”), Firebird Bulk Carriers, Inc. (“Firebird”), K-3
Resources, L.P. d/b/a K-3BMI (“K-3BMI”), Pulido Trucking, LP (“Pulido Trucking”), Texas
Water Management LLC (“Texas Water Management”), and United Environmental Services,
LLC (“UES”). Concerning the transporters defendants, USOR seeks to establish that each
transported waste to the U.S. Oil Recovery Superfund Site (“USOR Site”) and that the waste
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contained hazardous substances, as defined by CERCLA, and solid waste as defined by
SUMMARY OF PREVIOUS FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS
Previously the Court filed its Memorandum Opinion determining that the USOR Site
contains both hazardous waste and solid waste as defined by CERCLA and the TSWDA. See
[Memorandum Opinion and Order, DE #3890]. Suffice it to say that the summary of those
findings and conclusions entered there are sufficient for summary judgments to be entered
against those determined to be arrangers and transporters.
After considering the voluminous record on file concerning the administrative
proceedings and hearings conducted concerning the USOR Site, the absence of disputed facts,
and giving deference to the EPA’s finding of fact adopted by the Court [DE# 3890], the Court
determines that the following additional facts are undisputed and establishes that the USOR’s
Site suffered environmental contamination in violation of federal and state law:
the USOR Site has released and/or threatens a release of hazardous
substance as defined by 42 U.S.C. § 9601(22);
the USOR Site has engaged in treatment and disposal operations
concerning hazardous substances, as defined under the RCRA, 42
U.S.C. §§ 6901 et. seq.; 42 U.S.C. § 9601(29) and CERCLA §
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the USOR Site is a facility as defined by § 101(9) of CERCLA and
§ 361.003(28) of the TSWDA;
the evidence is undisputed and conclusive that certain entities have
arranged for and served as arrangers for entities that have used the
USOR Site as a disposal site for hazardous substances as defined
by CERCLA 40 CFR 302.4 and heretofore cited case law;
there is no dispute that the waste streams associated with the
USOR Site contained CERCLA hazardous substances; and
the Court determines that response costs consistent with the NCP,
and recovery costs under state law, have become necessary and
will likely continue at the USOR Site. Therefore response and
recovery costs are appropriate and necessary under TSWDA, §
361.344 and current case law, to address the release or threatened
release of solid or hazardous waste from the USOR Site.
The Court HOLDS that the evidence is undisputed and CONCLUSIVE that the U. S. Oil
Recovery Superfund Site and the MCC Recycling Facility at 200 N. Richey and 400 N. Richey
in Pasadena, Texas have suffered environmental contamination in violation of federal and state
law. Hence, there is no genuine disputed fact that the USOR Site is a “facility”, that there has
been a “release” of hazardous substances or waste as defined by CERCLA, that response costs
have been incurred and will continue, that the incurrence of response costs are necessary and
consistent with the National Contingency Plan for removal costs, that certain entities, companies
or businesses arranged for the disposal and/or treatment of hazardous substances and solid waste,
as defined by CERCLA; See [42 U.S.C. § 9607(a)] RCRA, 42 U.S.C. §§ 6901 et. seq. and
9601(29); see also TSWDA §§ 361.003(28); 361.343(c), 361.271(a)(3) and (a)(4).
The Court will address each defendant’s response/contention concerning whether each
fits within the definition of arranger or transporter, has caused or engaged in the transport of
hazardous waste to the USOR Site and is thereby liable for response costs.
CONTENTIONS AND CLAIMS OF THE PARTIES
USOR contends that AAR, Angelica Textile, Berg Environmental, Cole Chemical, REM
Research, Southern Core and Sunbelt Steel, Flex Oil, Taylor Press, UES, and Rain for Rent are
legal entities and are “Arrangers” as defined by Section 101(21) of CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. §
9601(21) and § 361.003(23) of the TSWDA.
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In this regard, the evidence is undisputed.
Therefore, these defendants are complicit in having hazardous substances and/or solid waste
delivered to the USOR Site and are liable for responsive costs.
SUMMARY JUDGMENT STANDARD
Summary judgment is appropriate if no genuine issue of material fact exists and the
moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56. A fact is “material”
if its resolution in favor of one party might affect the outcome of the suit under governing law.
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986). “Factual disputes that are irrelevant
or unnecessary will not be counted.” Id. at 248. An issue is “genuine” if the evidence is
sufficient for a reasonable jury to return a verdict for the nonmoving party. Id. If the evidence
rebutting the motion for summary judgment is only colorable or not significantly probative,
summary judgment should be GRANTED. Id. at 249-50; see also Shields v. Twiss, 389 F.3d
142, 149-50 (5th Cir. 2004).
Under Rule 56(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the moving party bears the
initial burden of “informing the district court of the basis for its motion and identifying those
portions of [the record] which it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue for trial.”
Matsushita Elec. Ind. Co. v. Zenith Radio Corp., 475 U.S. 574, 586 - 87 (1986); Adams v.
Travelers Indem. Co. of Connecticut, 465 F.3d 156, 163 (5th Cir. 2006). Where the moving
party has met its Rule 56(c) burden, the nonmovant must come forward with “specific facts
showing that there is a genuine issue for trial.” Matsushita, 475 U.S. at 586-87 (quoting Fed. R.
Civ. P. 56(e)) (emphasis in original); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317 (1986); and Adams,
465 F.3d at 164. To sustain the burden, the nonmoving party must produce evidence admissible
at trial showing that reasonable minds could differ regarding a genuine issue of material fact.
Anderson, 477 U.S. at 250-51; 255; Morris v. Covan World Wide Moving, Inc., 144 F.3d 377,
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380 (5th Cir. 1998). In deciding a summary judgment motion, “[t]he evidence of the nonmovant
is to be believed, and all justifiable inferences are to be drawn in his favor.” Anderson, 477 U.S.
DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – ARRANGERS
Claims Against AAR
In its response, AAR objects to a USOR’s invoice evidence that contains its name. AAR
contends that the invoice is hearsay under FRE 802, and that the evidence offered by USOR in
support of the invoice is not authenticated. Moreover, AAR contends, the expert opinion offered
by USOR’s expert is contrary to published materials, is without any supporting basis, and is
based on speculation.
The Court rejects AAR’s unsupported claims that the invoice that identifies AAR does
not properly identify it as an arranger simply due to the absence of other or additional identifying
information such as AAR’s address, telephone number and the like. As well, the Court rejects
AAR’s unsupported contention that USOR’s expert lacks knowledge and experience with
construction and demolition materials and fails to cite or refer to any tests or studies of what is
contained in the groundwater runoff at construction sites that supports his opinion. Hence, AAR
argues that the expert’s opinion is based on speculation.
A review of the evidence provided by USOR establishes the inference and conclusion
that Robert Childs, in behalf of Everready Environment, transported to the USSOR Site a
quantity of oily water from AAR on June 3, 2004. This conclusion is supported by the USOR
Site records. Therefore AAR’s argument that USOR failed to include sufficient identifying
information concerning the source of the waste is rejected. The Court also overrules AAR’s
objections to requests for admission numbers 15 – 27 the objections are not supported by any
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proffer made by AAR that contradicts USOR’s factual claim or any expert evidence that
challenges USOR’s expert reports. See [Doc. # 3188, pp.14-18]. Finally, the Court is of the
opinion that AAR’s response to the USOR Site records is simply a confession that it has no
evidence to admit or deny the truth of USOR’s claims.
Therefore, the Court concludes that AAR is an arranger and that its waste streams
contained hazardous waste, as found in USOR Site records as follows:
toluene, xylene, methyl, ethyl ketone, lead and zinc.
Moreover, AAR’s waste streams
contributed to the hazardous substances present at the USOR Site for which there is no genuine
factual dispute. Hence, partial summary judgment is GRANTED in behalf of USOR and it is
therefore entitled to collect response costs from AAR.
USOR contends that Angelica Textile arranged with Earth America for the transport of
Angelica Textiles waste to the USOR Site. Therefore, the USOR moves for partial summary
judgment against Angelica Textiles.
The Court determines that Angelica has filed for
bankruptcy. Therefore, USOR’s claims against Angelica Textiles are STAYED.
The Court also finds that USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment is against
Cedarwood Development is Moot.
USOR’s suit against Cedarwood Development was
terminated by Order on February 9, 2017.
Claims Against Berg Environmental
USOR alleges that Berg Environmental is liable to answer for response costs as both an
“arranger” and a “transporter”. See [USOR Third Amended Complaint, para. 265-68]. In this
regard, USOR asserts that Berg Environmental: (a) arranged and transported waste for Taylor
Press to the USOR Site; and (b) arranged and transported waste for disposal and treatment for
Lonestar Fasteners to the USOR Site.
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USOR contends that Berg Environmental engaged Triad Transport in this endeavor to
transport waste to the USOR Site. USOR contends that Taylor Press waste streams contained
hazardous waste substances such as acetone, barium, benzene, chromium, copper,
dichloroethylene, ethylbenzene, hydrofluoric acid, methyl ethyl ketone, lead, methylene chloride,
nickel, perchloroethylene, toluene, trichloroethan, trichloroethylene, xylenes and zinc.
Therefore, USOR argues that there is no genuine dispute that Berg Environmental arranged and
transported hazardous waste to the USOR Site in violation of CERCLA that was generated by
Lonestar Fasteners and Taylor Press. Therefore, USOR asserts that it is entitled to a motion for
partial summary judgment. [The Court need not address the liability, if any, of Lonestar
Berg Environmental argues the contrary. It argues that USOR has no evidence: (a)
demonstrating that the waste that it arranged for transport contained hazardous substances, or
was of the nature found at the USOR Site; (b) that Berg Environmental qualifies as a
“responsible person” under CERCLA or TSWDA; and (c) disputing that CERCLA Sections
107(a) and 113(f) are mutually exclusive and, as a matter of law, that USOR is precluded from
asserting CERCLA Section 107(a) claims in this case.
In support of its claim against Berg Environmental, USOR has established, without
factual dispute, that the USOR Site in question is a “facility” as defined in 42 U.S.C. § 9601(9);
that a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance has occurred; and that the release or
threatened release has required that USOR incur response costs.
See [DE# 3890].
Environmental does not dispute that it arranged and transported waste materials to the USOR
Site and the Court finds that it, in fact, did make such deliveries. Therefore, the question that
remains is whether Berg Environmental is a “responsible person” under state and federal law.
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See Id. The Court finds and holds that Berg Environmental is a responsible person under
CERCLA § 107(a) and state law.
The undisputed evidence shows that Berg Environmental accepted for transport and
arranged for transport hazardous substance for disposal at the USOR Site. See Exhibits A and B
[DE#s 1429(1) and (2) and 1430]. The waste streams sent to the USOR Site included arsenic,
barium, iron, mercury among other substances that fall within CERCLA definition of hazardous
substances. See [DE# 27595 at para. 266]; see also Exh. G and [DE# 3286]. A “covered or
responsible person” is one who by agreement arranges to process, store or dispose of solid waste
whether owned or possessed by other persons, that accepts solid waste for transport and in fact
transports itself, or by other persons, solid waste to a site such as the USOR Site. See Tex.
Health & Safety Code. Ann. § 361.271(a)(3) and (a)(4). Hence, the Court concludes that Berg
Environmental is a “responsible person” under CERCLA and the TSWDA.
Based on the foregoing, therefore, the Court concludes that there is no genuine dispute
that prevents the Court from granting USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment and
denying any claim(s) by Berg Environmental to the contrary. See Rogers v. Bromac Title
Services, LLC, 755 F.3d 347 (5th Cir. 2014); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). The Court GRANTS
partial summary judgment in behalf of USOR against Berg Environmental, and DENIES Berg
Environmental’s motion(s) to the contrary.
Claims Against Cole Distribution
Before the Court is USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment [DE#3186-2] wherein
it alleges that Cole Distribution generated solid waste from its industrial and chemical activities
in violation of § 361.003(04) of the TSWDA. USOR alleges that Cole Distribution arranged
with Goodgames Industrial Solutions and/or Bealine Services to transport for disposal or
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treatment of certain waste to the USOR Site for treatment. See [USOR Site Records, Bates Nos.
Cole Chemical & Distributing, Inc., (“Cole Chemical”) is named as a successor to Cole
Distribution by USOR and, according to USOR was the chemical distribution operation of Cole
Chemical. The Court does not need to address the liability of Cole Chemical at this time. The
evidence is undisputed that Cole Distribution operated a warehouse facility where it blended and
packaged various chemicals and related products during the relevant period until 2004.
It is undisputed that Cole Distribution owed or possessed hazardous substances and either
arranged for disposal or treatment and disposal of those hazardous substances. See CERCLA §
107(a)(3); see also Exhibits A and B [DE#s 1429(1) and (2)]; Exhibit G [DE# 1431-4]. The
evidence also supports the conclusion that, while Cole Distribution “may” have been a separate
entity apart from Cole Chemical. Nevertheless, it has a strong affiliation with Cole Chemical
and “may have” disposed of hazardous substances and solid waste in behalf of Cole Chemical.
Therefore, the question of Cole Chemical’s liability is not resolved by USOR’s motion for
summary judgment. Liability is yet to be determined.
Therefore, the Court determines that Cole Distribution was, in fact, an “arranger” and
utilized Goodgames Industrial Solutions and/or Bealine Services to treat or dispose of its
Hence, USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment against Cole
Distribution is GRANTED. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986).
Claims Against Flex Oil
Before the Court is the motion for partial summary judgment of USOR [DE# 3186-2].
USOR contends that Flex Oil both, arranged and transported hazardous substances to the USOR
Site, which substances are defined by CERCLA as hazardous waste. Because the waste was
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generated from industrial and commercial operations, it is also defined as “solid waste”, pursuant
to TSWDA. See Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. § 361.003 (34) and (35).
USOR asserts that Flex Oil’s disposal contained the following hazardous substances:
acetone, benzene, ethyl benzene, toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, chromium, lead and zinc.
Flex Oil does not dispute that it disposed of “non-hazardous” waste that contained waste oil. It
also admits that the USOR is a “facility” within the meaning of CERCLA and that the USOR
Site suffered a “release” thereby incurring response costs. Nevertheless, it disputes that its waste
was hazardous or solid within the statutory definitions.
The undisputed evidence shows that the waste generated and transported from the Flex
Oil storage facility was composed of an array of oil wastes as well as storm water runoff.
Without doubt the waste is properly defined as hazardous substances and “solid waste” generated
from Flex Oil’s industrial and commercial activities. See [Brown Affidavit, DE# 3187-5 at
Flex Oil’s waste also contained “hazardous substances”, a subcategory of solid waste.
See [42 U.S.C. § 9601(14)]. Flex Oil’s admissions of facts, coupled with the expert testimony of
Dr. Brown, stand without scientific or evidentiary dispute. Therefore, the Court concludes that
Flex Oil’s waste constituted both hazardous substances under CERCLA and solid waste under
the TSWDA. Flex Oil is regulated as a petroleum storage and terminal storage facility and as a
used oil handler. Moreover, the discovery concerning the operations of Flex Oil confirms Dr.
Brown’s opinion and the undisputed evidence that supports the Court’s conclusions. Therefore,
USOR’s motion for summary judgment is GRANTED.
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Claims Against REM Research
In its motion for summary judgment and reply [DE#s 3201, 3759], the defendant, REM
Research, Inc. [“REM”] asserts that it is entitled to summary judgment because: (a) there is no
evidence that any hazardous substances resulting from REM’s operations was actually delivered
to the USOR Site and caused USOR to incur response costs. USOR has filed a cross-motion for
summary judgement and a response disputing REM’s contentions [DE#s 3188 and 3362]. In its
motion for partial summary judgment, USOR asserts that REM is liable as an “arranger” under
the TSWDA. REM does not dispute that it arranged for certain hazardous substances/materials
to be removed and disposed.
Therefore, whether REM is an arranger, pursuant to CERCLA,
depends on whether a transporter deposited REM’s waste at the USOR Site and, whether the
materials were hazardous by CERCLA and TSWDA standards.
REM arguments that it was careful to employ US Waste, the national leader in “complete
turnkey waste system management” and that its waste profile failed to show that hazardous waste
was contained in its waste streams, misses the point. Case law establishes that while a waste
stream may be nonhazardous waste under RCRA, that fact does not negate a finding that the
same stream contains hazardous substances. See Uniroyal Chemical Co., Inc. v. Deltech Corp.,
160 F.3d 238, 244 (5th Cir. 1998); see also [DE# 3187-5].
The definition of hazardous
substances includes but is not limited to RCRA’s listed hazardous waste. Id. at 9601(14)(c).
REM admits that it used US Waste to remove and dispose of its waste stream during the
relevant time [DE# 3201, at 3]. The Court finds that these removals were intentional and
designed to dispose of hazardous substances. Therefore, REM is an “arranger” within the
meaning of CERCLA and TSWDA because its waste stream was hauled to the USOR Site and
was found to contain hazardous substances. See [USOR, Exhibits A and B [DE#s 1429(1) and
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(2)]. See also Burlington N. & Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. United States, 556 U.S. 499, 611 (2009) see
also Blackmon v. Hansen, 169 S.W.2d 962-65 (Tex. 1943). The question of allocation is yet to
The Court determines that USOR’s motion for summary judgment should be GRANTED
and that REM’s motion for summary judgment Denied. Therefore, the Court GRANTS USOR’s
motion and DENIES REM’s motion.
Claims Against Sunbelt Steel
Before the Court are the response of Sunbelt Steel [DE# 3611) to USOR’s motion for partial
summary judgment of USOR [DE# 3186-2]. USOR contends in its motion that Sunbelt Steel
was an “arranger” and arranged for transport for disposal and treatment of its waste at the USOR
Site through “transporter”, Envoirovac. See [Exh. R., Bates Nos. USOR-12003968; USOR12003969]. USOR attributes the following CERCLA hazardous substances to Sunbelt Steel:
acetone, benzene, chromium, cooper, dichloroethylene, ethylbenzene, lead, methyl ethyl ketone,
methyl tert-butyl ether, methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, nickel, toluene, trichloroethan,
trichloroethylene, xylene, zinc and other unnamed volatile organic and petroleum hydrocarbon
compounds. See [DE#3187-5, Brown Affidavit paras. 239-250]. Finally, USOR asserts that
Sunbelt Steel’s waste was generated from industrial and commercial activities, and, therefore is
“solid waste” as defined under the TSWDA. See Tex. Health & Safety Code Ann. § 361.003(34)
Sunbelt Steel asserts that: USOR relies on incompetent and inadmissible evidence,
unsupported factual conclusions, particularly concerning whether there was a release and
threatened release, or that Sunbelt Steel delivered or arranged the delivery of hazardous
substance to the USOR Site and, whether “Sunbelt Steel’s alleged waste contained hazardous
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substances. “Sunbelt Steel also objects to USOR’s exhibits particularly USOR’s expert witness
Dr. Kirk W. Brown.
The Court is of the opinion that, despite Sunbelt Steel’s protestations concerning the
cogency of USOR’s evidence and arguments, the undisputed evidence establishes that Sunbelt
Steel is liable as an “arranger” for disposal and treatment of its waste at the USOR Site.
Sunbelt Steel is registered as an industrial waste generator operating a metal fabrication
shop and warehousing facility. There, it processes metal that requires cutting, grinding, turning,
honing, milling, deep hole drilling and heat treating all of which result in waste streams because
of the use of cutting oils, fluids, solvents, degreasers, wastewater and sludge. See [DE# 3185-5,
paras. 239-250]. In 2004, Sunbelt Steel entered into the TREQ Voluntary Clean-Up Program at
which time contaminants such as described herein were identified. Therefore, there is no genuine
dispute that Sunbelt Steel’s waste contained both “solid waste” and “hazardous substances” as
defined by CERCLA and the TSWDA. Based on the foregoing, the Court GRANTS USOR’s
motion for partial summary judgment.
Claims Against Taylor Press – In its motion and amended motion for summary
judgment [DE#s 3235 and 3257]. Taylor Press asserts three defenses to USOR’s suit and
USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment [DE# 3186-2]. Taylor Press asserts: (1) that it
has not ever generated any of the substances asserted in USOR’s amended petition as hazardous
substance, and none has been found in its waste; (2) that all of the evidence presented by USOR
is limited to chemicals and/or hazardous substances that USOR has fail to plead were found at
the USOR Site; and (3) that its waste does not contain the chemicals alleged as volative, and do
not constitute hazardous substances as defined by CERCLA.
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In support of its contentions, Taylor Press submitted declarations of Bradford Werner,
Victoria Richards Hawkins, Jacob Scher, and Russell Carr. USOR, disputing Taylor Press’
position, proffered the affidavit of Dr. Kirk Brown. See [DE# 3187-5]. Having reviewed the
competing motions and attachments, the Court determines that Taylor Press’ motion(s) should be
denied and USOR’s motion should be GRANTED because Taylor Press’ declarations fail to
address the relevant issue before the Court.
Whether based on confusion or lack of understanding concerning the law and the content
of its disposals, Taylor Press’ motion and defenses misses the mark. Both in its answer to
USOR’s suit, and the declaration of Dr. Victoria Richards Harkins admit that Taylor Press’
wastewater contained hazardous substances.
Dr. Harkins identified at least five hazardous
substances that were detected in Taylor Press’ wastewater also found at the USOR Site. Taylor
Press simply argues that to the extent any hazardous substances were detected in its waste
streams the content was “less than the reporting limits” [DE# 3647-1 at paras. 8, 10]. In this
regard, it appears that Taylor Press relies on the reputation of Berg Environmental. The fact that
Berg Environmental required its customers, including Taylor Press, to state that its waste streams
did not contain hazardous waste, does not dispose of the issue. Nor does it explain why Taylor
Press’ own expert identified eight hazardous substances in Taylor Press’ wastewater which
substances were found during a sampling and during disposal [DE# 3647-2]. Therefore, Taylor
Press’ arguments concerning content and reporting limits fail.
Dr. Brown’s study, USOR’s expert, found the same hazardous substances at the USOR
Site that were identified by Dr. Harkins and even more [DE# 3282]. By its own evidence, Taylor
Press demonstrates its liability under CERCLA concerning the content of its waste streams. The
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extent of Taylor Press liability concerning contamination is a question of allocation as opposed
By its admission, Taylor Press is an arranger under CERCLA and TSWDA. See [DE#
3257c 17]. The fact that Berg Environmental was the broker between Taylor Press and the
transporter who selected the USOR Site as the location for disposal, does not remove Taylor
Press from the arranger status. See [Statement of Undisputed Fact Nos. 1-15, 72-75, pp. 36-40
and 48]. The competent summary judgment evidence defeats all of Taylor Press’ claims against
USOR and, by its own admissions, mandate summary judgment in behalf of USOR. See Rogers
v. Bromac Title Svcs, LLC, 755 F.3d 347, 350 (5th Cir. 2014). Therefore, summary judgment is
GRANTED in behalf of USOR and DENIED as to Taylor Press.
Claims Against UES
Before the Court are USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment [DE# 3186-2] and
the response of UES [ DE# 3599].
In its motion, USOR asserts that UES through its
predecessors, ProWaste, Inc., arranged for processing, storage, treatment and/or disposal of a
stream of waste at the USOR Site that resulted from operating a recycled materials facility.
According to USOR Site records, ProWaste, Inc.’s, operations generated “solid waste” from its
industrial and commercial activities through a conditional exemption issued under the TSWDA.
The transports that ProWaste handled were waste from Tex-Tube’s activities. See [Removal
Action, AOC Finding of Fact Nos. 82 and 85]; see also [DE# 3187-5 para. 382]. Tex-Tube’s
waste also contained “hazardous substances” as a subcategory of the “solid waste” generated by
its industrial or commercial activities all of which, according to USOR, was delivered to the
USOR Site for disposal.
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UES contends in its response and opposition to USOR’s motion that the evidence relied
upon is unauthenticated, incompetent and inadmissible, that the affidavit of Dr. Brown is based
on assumptions and generalizations, and USOR has not established that UES is the successor to
ProWaste or that UES or ProWaste was an arranger or responsible person under U.S.C. §
The evidence is undisputed that ProWaste, Inc., was both an arranger and transporter of
solid waste and hazardous substances. Therefore, UES’s arguments and the evidence proffered
in support the finding and conclusion that ProWaste, was not an arranger and transporter is not
supported by competent summary judgment evidence. See Shields v. Twiss, 389 F.3d 142, 14950 (5th Cir. 2004); see also [DE# 3890].
Also, UES’s evidence does not dispute or refute that it is in fact the successor to
ProWaste. It is not enough for a non-movant to simply argue contrary to a movant’s motion for
summary judgment where the argument also “implies” that the non-movaant has conclusive
evidence on the issue in its hands, yet will not produce it. Morris v. Covan World Wide Moving,
Inc., 144 F.3d 377, 380 (5th Cir. 1998). UES has presented no competent evidence that refutes
USOR’s claim. Hence, USOR’s facts and proffers are accepted as true.
Therefore, USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment should be and is herewith
The Claim Against Rain and Rent
The plaintiff, USOR, has moved for partial summary judgment against Rain and Rent in
this case as an arranger. USOR contends that Rain and Rent is “regulated as an industrial
machinery and equipment merchant wholesaler and general freight trucking company”. It is also
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registered as a generator of hazardous waste at its LaPorte, Texas facility where solid and/or
hazardous waste are transported or generated. These facts are not disputed by Rain and Rent.
The undisputed evidence shows that Rain and Rent conducts operations that included
cleaning and repair of equipment, painting, parts cleaning, degreasing processes and the like. As
a result, its waste streams include spent non-halogenated solvents, degreasing compounds all
generated from oilfield construction equipment. In 2010 and 2011, emergency response actions
were conducted at its facility. During these responses the USEPA and the TCEQ identified
acetone, benzene, toluene, xylene and methyl ethyl ketone at the facility.
As a result, the Court concludes that the waste generated at the Rain and Rent facility was
hazardous waste. See [Document 3187-5, attached to USOR’s Motion for Summary Judgment].
Therefore, USOR’s motion for partial summary judgment should be and it is hereby GRANTED.
DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS – TRANSPORTERS
The USOR also seeks partial summary judgment against E-Transport, Firebird, K-3BMI,
Pulido Trucking, and Texas Waste Management as transporters of waste to the USOR Site for
disposal or treatment.
The following facts are undisputed as to the transporter defendants
identified in USOR Site records and they show that the defendants transported materials/waste
to the USOR Site for treatment or disposal;
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According to TCEQ Central Registry, E-Transport transported
waste that included an aqueous solution of ethylene glycol with
other toxic organic chemicals. The waste was generated from
industrial activities and is classified as solid waste by TSWDA and
hazardous waste by CERCLA standards [DE# 3187-5]. The
stream of waste contained some or all of the following: chromium,
copper, lead, nickel, zinc, ethylene glycol and other toxic organic
compounds that constitute hazardous substances under CERCLA.
The evidence also shows that Firebird transported waste for
treatment to the USOR Site for treatment or disposal for several
companies that generated hazardous waste.
One of such
companies was Pilot Industries of Houston and Contractor
Technology. The evidence shows at least that some of Pilot’s
waste was RCRA hazardous waste, meaning it was classified as
per se hazardous substance according to CERCLA regulations.
Therefore, the waste transported by Firebird contained hazardous
substances and included substances such as: arsenic, cadmium,
lead and zinc. Firebird’s transports also included waste classified
as solid waste according to the TSWDA.
The evidence shows that Palido Trucking transported waste to the
USOR Site for treatment or disposal for Houston International
Terminal and Texas Industrial Box. These companies, the
evidence shows, were engaged in commercial and industrial that of
necessity would generate hazardous waste. The Court finds that
Pulido Trucking transported solid waste, as defined by the
TSWDA, and hazardous waste, as defined under CERCLA
regulations to the USOR Site.
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K-3BMI also transported hazardous waste materials to the USOR
Site for several generators of waste materials to include Bolivar
Barge Cleaning Services, LLC and Tex-Tube Company. The
Bolivar operation involved machining and metal working, cleaning
and degreasing, surface preparation, painting and the like.
CERCLA hazard substances include such chemicals as acetone,
benzene, chromium, copper, dichloroethylene, lead, methyl ethyl
ketone, methylene chloride, perchloroethylene, toluene,
trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, xylene and zinc, all of which
was detectable in the waste stream transported to the USOR Site
by K-3BMI. In the waste stream transported in behalf of Tex-Tube
Co., the evidence shows that Tex-Tube, Co., engage in
metalworking that required cutting, grinding, turning, degreasing
and surface preparation, all with regard to metals. As a result, the
waste stream included arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead,
mercury, selenium, benzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, methylene
chloride, methyl ethyl ketone, nitrobenzene, tetrachloroethylene
and trichloroethylene. The waste is also classified as solid waste
and are declare such by the TSWDA. Hence, the Court holds that
K-3BMI transported hazardous substances and solid waste to the
Texas Waste Management transported hazardous waste to the
USOR Site. The evidence reflects that the waste streams in behalf
of its own operations and that of Pick-A-Part and Saw Pipes, were
generated from commercial or industrial activities, generated solid
waste as defined by the TSWDA, and hazardous substances as
defined under CERCLA regulations. Part of the waste stream is
also determined to be RCRA hazardous waste and is, therefore,
classified as per se solid waste and constitutes CERCLA hazardous
Therefore, the Court finds that Texas Waste
Management transported substances that contained hazardous and
solid waste to the USOR Site.
The expert witness’ testimony associated with these arranger and transporter claims are
not refuted. It demonstrates that the waste streams associated with the defendants contained
hazardous substances and solid waste that trigger CERCLA liability and/or liability under
TCEQ, TSWDA and the Texas Health & Safety Code. After considering all of the evidence and
any proffered by the defendants, the Court determines that its earlier findings and conclusions
[DE# 3890], based on either undisputed evidence or inconsequential arguments, and those
contained herein, support partial summary judgment for the USOR Site PRP Group.
It is, therefore, ORDERED that the USOR Site PRP Group’s motion for partial summary
judgment as to each of these arrangers and transporters be and it is hereby GRANTED.
SIGNED on this 28th day of June, 2017.
Kenneth M. Hoyt
United States District Judge
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