Scottsdale Insurance Company v. Steadfast Insurance Company
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION entered GRANTING IN PART 24 MOTION for Partial Summary Judgment onCoverage Issues and GRANTING IN PART. DE. 25 Cross Motion. The parties have requested mediation on the question of apportionment. No later than February 24, 2017, the parties must file the name of their chosen mediator. The mediation deadline is April 28, 2017.(Signed by Chief Judge Lee H Rosenthal) Parties notified.(leddins, 4)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
STEADFAST INSURANCE COMPANY, §
February 17, 2017
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL ACTION NO. H-16-0273
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION
Two insurers dispute which policy covers what part of an apartment manager’s liability for
negligence. Scottsdale Insurance Company defended and settled a lawsuit against its insured,
Kaplan Management Company, Inc., for $1,950,000 plus defense costs and attorney’s fees.
Scottsdale sued Steadfast Insurance Company, alleging that Steadfast had issued a policy providing
primary insurance coverage for the claim against Kaplan Management, obligating Steadfast to
defend the underlying litigation and to contribute pro rata to the settlement. Scottsdale also alleges
that Steadfast’s insurance coverage is prior to Scottsdale’s excess insurance policy and that the
Steadfast coverage must be exhausted before Scottsdale is required to contribute under its excess
policy. Scottsdale moved for summary judgment on its claims for contribution. (Docket Entry No.
Steadfast cross-moved for summary judgment, arguing that it issued Kaplan Management
only an excess insurance policy and that Scottsdale did not make a prima facie showing of Kaplan
Management’s liability for the settlement amount. (Docket Entry No. 25). The relevant facts are
undisputed. The coverage issues are issues of law for the court to decide.
The court grants in part and denies in part the cross-motions. The undisputed facts in the
record establish that Kaplan Management did not have primary insurance coverage from Steadfast,
but that Steadfast’s excess policy takes priority over Scottsdale’s and must be exhausted before
Scottsdale’s excess policy applies.
The reasons for these rulings are set out below.
The parties filed an agreed record, with the insurance policies as well as the court documents
from the underlying lawsuit. (Docket Entry No. 22). That lawsuit was filed on behalf of a five-yearold boy who was seriously injured when he fell into a swimming pool at the CityView Place
Apartments in April 2011. (Id. at 3). CVP Holdings, LLC owns CityView; Kaplan Management
Company, Inc. manages the property. (Id. at 4). The boy’s father, William Aguilar, sued both
companies for negligence and premises liability. (Id., Exs. 4–5). Scottsdale, a primary insurer for
CVP Holdings and Kaplan Management, defended the suit and settled it for $1,950,000 on behalf
of both CVP Holdings and Kaplan Management. (Id. at 8). Scottsdale argued throughout the
proceedings in the underlying suit that Steadfast was a primary insurer of Kaplan Management and
obligated to participate in defending the litigation and to contribute to the settlement costs. (Id. at
6–8). Steadfast did not participate in the defense, despite Scottsdale’s repeated demands, and did
not pay any part of the settlement. (Id.).
The Scottsdale Policy
Scottsdale policy number BCS 0019674, with effective dates of May 1, 2010 to May 1, 2011,
provided primary insurance for up to $1,000,000 “per occurrence” and gave Scottsdale the right and
duty to defend suits against its insureds seeking damages for bodily injury. (Docket Entry No. 22,
Ex. 1). Scottsdale issued its policy to CVP Holdings. The policy included as insureds “[a]ny person
. . . or organization while acting as [CVP’s] real estate manager.” (Id. at *31–32). This Scottsdale
If this insurance is primary, our obligations are not affected unless any other
insurance is also primary. Then, we will share with all that other insurance by the
method described in Paragraph c. below [providing for pro rata apportionment].
(Id. at *33).
CVP Holdings and Kaplan Management also had an excess policy with Scottsdale, policy
number XLS 0066777, with effective dates of May 1, 2010 to May 1, 2011. (Docket Entry No. 22,
Ex. 2). The policy provided coverage after the $1,000,000 primary liability limit per occurrence was
exhausted. This Scottsdale policy stated:
If there is any other collectible insurance available to the insured (whether such
insurance is stated to be primary, contributing, excess or contingent) that covers a
loss that is also covered by this Policy, the insurance provided by this Policy will
apply in excess of, and shall not contribute with, such insurance. This Condition I.
does not apply to any insurance policy purchased specifically (and which is so
specified in such insurance policy) to apply in excess of this Policy.
(Id. at *38). To use the short-hand, Scottsdale’s primary policy had a pro rata “other insurance”
clause, while Scottsdale’s excess policy had an excess “other insurance” clause.
The Steadfast Policy
Steadfast policy number SCO 3808274, with effective dates of May 29, 2010 to May 29,
2011, was issued only to Kaplan Management. (Docket Entry No. 22, Ex. 3). The policy provided
insurance for up to $1,000,000 “per occurrence” and gave Steadfast the right and duty to defend
suits seeking damages for bodily injury, if the insurance was primary. The policy stated that “[t]his
insurance is primary except when there is other insurance applying on a primary basis.” (Id. at *15).
In that case, the insurance was excess. (Id.). Steadfast’s policy had an excess “other insurance”
clause. The Steadfast policy also contained the following endorsement:
With respects [sic] to your liability arising out of your management of property for
which you are acting as real estate manager this insurance is excess over any valid
and collectible insurance to you.
(Id. at *40). The endorsement applied to the “Commercial General Liability Coverage Part” of the
Steadfast policy, which included the primary-insurance clause and the excess “other insurance”
clause. (See id. at *5 (“Commercial General Liability Policy”), 15 (primary and “other insurance”
clauses), and 40 (endorsement)).
The Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment
Scottsdale argues that under Texas law, both Scottsdale and Steadfast issued Kaplan
Management primary insurance policies with conflicting “other insurance” clauses. Scottsdale
argues that because the “other insurance” clauses conflict, they drop out, leaving Scottsdale and
Steadfast to contribute pro rata to the costs of defending Kaplan Management and settling the
claims, up to the primary policy limits. (Docket Entry No. 24 at 6–14). Scottsdale also argues that
its excess insurance policy’s “other insurance” clause makes that policy fully subordinate to
Steadfast’s policy, so that Steadfast has to exhaust its policy limits before Scottsdale’s excess policy
has to contribute. (Id. at 14–15). In sum, Scottsdale argues that Steadfast must contribute pro rata
to the costs and fees incurred defending Kaplan Management in the underlying litigation, must
contribute equally to Kaplan Management’s share of the settlement liability up to the $1,000,000
per-occurrence limit, and must exhaust the Steadfast policy limit before Scottsdale’s excess
insurance policy is required to contribute.
Steadfast has cross-moved for summary judgment. It argues that: (1) Scottsdale has not and
cannot allocate coverage for the settlement amount owed solely by Kaplan Management; and (2)
CVP Holdings must indemnify Kaplan Management, so Steadfast need not contribute to the costs
of defending and settling the claims against Kaplan Management. (Docket Entry No. 25). Steadfast
also argues that the endorsement in its policy makes that policy excess because Kaplan Management
is a property manager. (Id. at 5–8). At oral argument at the motion hearing, Steadfast argued that
if it is found to be an excess insurer responsible for some of the settlement paid on Kaplan
Management’s behalf, then under Texas law the conflicting “other insurance” clauses drop out and
Scottsdale and Steadfast must contribute equally to the settlement after Scottsdale’s primary
coverage is exhausted. (Docket Entry No. 29). In short, Steadfast argues that, even if Scottsdale
has met its burden and an indemnity agreement does not relieve Steadfast of liability, Steadfast is
not liable for defense costs and fees or for contribution to the settlement as a primary insurer.
Instead, according to Steadfast, it only has to contribute pro rata with Scottsdale under each insurer’s
excess policy after Scottsdale’s primary coverage is exhausted.
The court considers each of these arguments under the appropriate legal standards.
The Legal Standards
Summary judgment is appropriate if no genuine issue of material fact exists and the moving
party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. FED. R. CIV. P. 56(a). “The movant bears the
burden of identifying those portions of the record it believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine
issue of material fact.” Triple Tee Golf, Inc. v. Nike, Inc., 485 F.3d 253, 261 (5th Cir. 2007) (citing
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322–25 (1986)).
If the burden of proof at trial lies with the nonmoving party, the movant may satisfy its initial
burden “by ‘showing’—that is, pointing out to the district court—that there is an absence of
evidence to support the nonmoving party’s case.” Celotex, 477 U.S. at 325. Although the party
moving for summary judgment must demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact, it
does not need to negate the elements of the nonmovant’s case. Boudreaux v. Swift Transp. Co., 402
F.3d 536, 540 (5th Cir. 2005). “A fact is ‘material’ if its resolution in favor of one party might affect
the outcome of the lawsuit under governing law.” Sossamon v. Lone Star State of Texas, 560 F.3d
316, 326 (5th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks omitted). “‘If the moving party fails to meet [its]
initial burden, the motion [for summary judgment] must be denied, regardless of the nonmovant’s
response.’” United States v. $92,203.00 in U.S. Currency, 537 F.3d 504, 507 (5th Cir. 2008)
(quoting Little v. Liquid Air Corp., 37 F.3d 1069, 1075 (5th Cir. 1994) (en banc) (per curiam)).
When the parties cross-move for summary judgment, the court must review “each motion
independently, viewing the evidence and inferences in the light most favorable to the nonmoving
party.” Mid-Continent Cas. Co. v. Bay Rock Operating Co., 614 F.3d 105, 110 (5th Cir. 2010)
(alteration omitted) (quotation marks omitted). When the moving party has met its Rule 56(a)
burden, the nonmoving party cannot survive a summary judgment motion by resting on the mere
allegations of its pleadings. The nonmovant must identify specific evidence in the record and
explain how that evidence supports that party’s claim. Baranowski v. Hart, 486 F.3d 112, 119 (5th
Cir. 2007). “This burden will not be satisfied by ‘some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts,
by conclusory allegations, by unsubstantiated assertions, or by only a scintilla of evidence.’”
Boudreaux, 402 F.3d at 540 (quoting Little, 37 F.3d at 1075). In deciding a summary judgment
motion, the court draws all reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party.
Connors v. Graves, 538 F.3d 373, 376 (5th Cir. 2008). Nevertheless, “[i]f a party fails to properly
support an assertion of fact or fails to properly address another party’s assertion of fact as required
by Rule 56(c), the court may: . . . consider the fact undisputed for purposes of the motion.” FED. R.
CIV. P. 56(e)(2).
Conflicting “Other Insurance” Clauses under Texas Law
Conflicts involving “other insurance” clauses arise when “more than one policy covers the
same insured and each policy has an ‘other insurance’ clause which restricts its liability by reason
of the existence of other coverage.” Hardware Dealers Mut. Fire Ins. Co. v. Farmers Ins. Exch.,
444 S.W.2d 583, 586 (Tex. 1969). In Hardware Dealers, the Texas Supreme Court ruled that when
an insured would receive “coverage from either one of two policies but for the other, and each
contains a provision which is reasonably subject to a construction that it conflicts with a provision
in the other concurrent insurance, there is a conflict . . . solved by ignoring the two offending
provisions.” Id. at 589.
Hardware Dealers dealt with two conflicting “escape” clauses, but the Fifth Circuit “has
interpreted Hardware Dealers broadly, holding that even when a plausible interpretation of
opposing ‘other insurance’ clauses would render one policy’s coverage primary and the other’s
excess, if a ‘reasonable construction’ of the two policies from the insured’s perspective would result
in full coverage under each policy but for the existence of the other, the policies conflict and liability
should be apportioned pro rata.” Am. States Ins. Co. v. Ace Am. Ins. Co., 547 F.App’x 550, 553 (5th
Cir. 2013) (per curiam) (citing Royal Ins. Co. of Am. v. Hartford Underwriters Ins. Co., 391 F.3d
639, 642–44 (5th Cir. 2004); Travelers Lloyds Ins. Co. v. Pac. Emp’rs Ins. Co., 602 F.3d 677, 681
(5th Cir. 2010).
The first issue is whether the “other insurance” clauses in the Scottsdale and Steadfast
policies conflict. If so, they drop out and the insurers contribute pro rata to pay the costs of
defending and settling the claims against Kaplan Management in the underlying litigation. If the
clauses do not conflict, they are enforced. “Where the terms of an insurance policy are clear and
unambiguous those terms may not be disregarded, but must be enforced as written.” Mutual Life
Ins. Co. v. Steele, 570 S.W.2d 213, 217 (Tex. App.—Houston [14th Dist.] 1978, writ ref’d n.r.e.).
In American States Insurance, the Fifth Circuit considered auto insurance policies that
provided primary insurance for cars that the policyholder owned and excess coverage for cars he
did not own. 547 F.App’x at 552. Because the insured was the car owner under one policy but a
nonowner under the other, the “other insurance” clauses did not conflict and Hardware Dealers did
not apply. “Unlike the ‘other insurance’ clauses in Hardware Dealers and subsequent decisions of
this court interpreting Hardware Dealers, the existence of primary coverage under each of the ‘other
insurance’ clauses in the American States and ACE policies turns not on the availability of other
insurance but rather on vehicle ownership.” Id. at 553–54 (internal citations omitted).
Steadfast argues that the American States analysis applies because whether its policy is
primary or excess does not turn on the existence of other insurance but on whether the policyholder
is or is not a property manager. (Docket Entry No. 25 at 5–8). Since Kaplan Management is a
property manager, Steadfast argues that its policy is excess, regardless of what other insurance
Kaplan Management might have. (Id. at 6). Scottsdale responds that Steadfast’s endorsement is
another excess insurance clause, that it does conflict with Scottsdale’s pro rata clause, and that both
get knocked out under Hardware Dealers. (Docket Entry No. 27 at 3–4).
The Hardware Dealers test, as applied by the Fifth Circuit, requires this court to analyze
each policy “but for” the other, from the insured’s perspective. See Royal, 391 F.3d at 644; St. Paul
Mercury Ins. Co. v. Lexington Ins. Co., 78 F.3d 202, 210 (5th Cir. 1996). If the insured would have
a primary policy but for the presence of the other insurance, both insurers are primary and must
contribute pro rata, despite the terms of their “other insurance” clauses. See id. But for Steadfast’s
policy, from Kaplan Management’s perspective it had a primary policy from Scottsdale, which
required Scottsdale to defend Kaplan Management in the underlying suit.
Because Kaplan Management was a property manager, the endorsement in the Steadfast
policy made Kaplan Management’s Steadfast insurance excess, whether the Scottsdale policy
existed or not. See Mid-Continent Cas. Co. v. Bay Rock Operating Co., 614 F.3d 105, 114 (5th Cir.
2010) (a specific policy endorsement controls over general provisions in the main policy). As in
American States, the availability of primary coverage turns on the insured’s status, not on the
presence of other insurance. See 547 F.App’x at 552.
Scottsdale argues that Steadfast’s endorsement logically requires the presence of other
insurance to operate as an excess policy because, but for Scottsdale’s primary policy, no insurer
would defend and Steadfast would have been obligated to do so. That analysis misapplies the
Hardware Dealers test. Steadfast’s policy provided that “[w]hen this insurance is excess, we will
have no duty to defend any claim or ‘suit’ that any other insurer has a duty to defend. If no other
insurer defends, we will undertake to do so, but we will be entitled to the insured’s rights against
all those other insurers.” (Docket Entry No. 22, Ex. 3 at *11). Without the Scottsdale policy,
Steadfast would have defended the Aguilar suit, but it would have done so as an excess insurer,
retaining the right to seek defense costs from any primary insurers, in this case, Scottsdale.
Hardware Dealers applies to conflicting insurance policies that would both otherwise be primary
but for the other. See, e.g., Utica Nat’l Ins. Co. v. Fidelity & Casualty Co., 812 S.W.2d 656 (Tex.
App.—Dallas 1991, writ denied); Carrabba v. Employers Casualty Co., 742 S.W.2d 709 (Tex.
App.—Houston 1987, no writ). The absence of the Scottsdale policy would not convert the
Steadfast excess policy to a primary policy.
Kaplan Management had an excess policy from Steadfast. The Scottsdale and Steadfast
“other insurance” clauses do not conflict and do not drop out under Hardware Dealers. See
American States, 547 F.App’x at 552.
The court finds that under Texas law, Kaplan Management had primary coverage from
Scottsdale and excess coverage from Steadfast. Between the two insurers, Scottsdale, and only
Scottsdale, had the right and duty to defend Kaplan Management in the Aguilar suit, and Scottsdale
is solely responsible to pay the costs of defending the underlying suit. Scottsdale’s primary
coverage limit of $1,000,000 must be exhausted before Steadfast is required to contribute to Kaplan
Management’s portion of the liability under Steadfast’s excess policy.
Steadfast’s cross-motion for summary judgment on the primary policy claim is granted.
Steadfast argues that it is not required to contribute to the settlement payment at all because
its policy is excess not just to Scottsdale’s primary policy, but also to Scottsdale’s excess policy.
(Docket Entry No. 25 at 15). At oral argument, Steadfast argued in the alternative that both its
excess policy and Scottsdale’s excess policies have conflicting “other insurance” clauses that drop
out under Hardware Dealers and require both insurers to cover Kaplan Management’s portion of
the excess liability, pro rata. (Docket Entry No. 29). Scottsdale argues that its excess policy does
not have an “other insurance” clause but instead an umbrella clause that determines priority among
excess insurers. (Docket Entry No. 27 at 6). Scottsdale contends that Steadfast’s excess policy limit
had to be exhausted before Scottsdale has to cover any part of Kaplan Management’s settlement
In Carrabba, the Texas appellate court considered two insurance policies with close to the
same language as the policies here. 742 S.W.2d at 709. One policy, issued by Mission National
Insurance Company, stated:
If other valid and collectible insurance with any other insurer is available to the insured
covering a loss also covered by this policy, other than insurance that is specifically stated
to be excess of this policy, the insurance afforded by this policy shall be in excess of and
shall not contribute with such other insurance.
Id. at 713. The other policy, issued by Gulf Insurance Group, had an endorsement that stated:
The insurance afforded by this endorsement shall be excess insurance over any other valid
and collectible insurance available to the insured.
The Mission Insurance and Gulf Insurance clauses are like the relevant Scottsdale and
Steadfast clauses. The first clause makes the insurance excess to any other insurance policy unless
that other policy specifically states that it is excess. The other clause is an endorsement stating that
the policy is excess “over any other valid and collectible insurance.” (Compare id. with Docket
Entry No. 22, Ex. 2 at *38 and Docket Entry No. 22, Ex. 3 at *40). The Carrabba court ruled that
the Mission Insurance and Gulf Insurance clauses did not conflict under Hardware Dealers and that
the Gulf Insurance policy limit had to be exhausted before the Mission Insurance policy would
apply. 742 S.W.2d at 715. The court rejected Gulf Insurance’s argument that its policy reference
to “any” valid collectible insurance included the Mission Insurance policy because the Gulf
Insurance policy did not specifically “designate the Mission policy (presumably by number) as an
underlying policy,” as the Mission Insurance policy required. Id. at 714. The court found that the
Hardware Dealers rule did not apply because “[t]he ‘other insurance’ . . . excess clause and an
umbrella policy are not equivalent and are not mutually repugnant so that they cancel one another.”
Id. at 715. The court reasoned that umbrella policies, which are “regarded as true excess over and
above any type of primary coverage including excess provisions arising from primary policies,”
cover a different kind of risk than an ordinary excess policy and are accordingly priced differently
in insurance markets. Id. Hardware Dealers, by contrast, applied to policies that covered the same
risk but had conflicting “other insurance” clauses. Id.
Carrabba’s rule and reasoning both apply here. Steadfast’s “other insurance” clause did not
designate Scottsdale’s policy as underlying insurance. Rather, using the same language the
Carrabba court considered, Scottsdale designated its excess policy as an umbrella policy, taking the
lowest priority behind any other available insurance. Under Texas law, Steadfast’s excess policy
limits must be exhausted before the Scottsdale excess policy applies.
Management’s maximum liability in this case is the $1,950,000 settlement, and because Scottsdale’s
primary policy and Steadfast’s excess policy both have a limit of $1,000,000 per occurrence,
Scottsdale’s excess policy will not apply.
Scottsdale’s motion for summary judgment on the excess policy claim is granted.
Steadfast argues that even under its excess policy, it cannot be liable to contribute to the
Aguilar settlement because Scottsdale has not met its burden to allocate the settlement amounts
between Kaplan Management and CVP Holdings. (Docket Entry No. 25 at 8–9). Steadfast notes
that Scottsdale settled the underlying litigation on behalf of both its insureds, CVP Holdings and
Kaplan Management, but Steadfast insures only Kaplan Management. (Id). Steadfast cross-moved
for summary judgment, arguing that Scottsdale has not met its burden of pleading and proving that
Kaplan Management owes covered damages. Nat’l Union Fire Ins. Co. v. Puget Plastics Corp., 649
F.Supp.2d 613, 649 (S.D. Tex. 2009). Steadfast argues that Scottsdale cannot meet this burden
because Scottsdale retained a single lawyer for the Aguilar defense and did not allocate damages
between CVP Holdings and Kaplan Management in the filings in the underlying lawsuit. (Docket
Entry No. 25 at 10–11).
Scottsdale responds that proving apportionment is not ripe under the court’s scheduling
order, and that it has made a sufficient prima facie showing that Kaplan Management is liable for
at least some portion of the settlement. (Docket Entry No. 27 at 11–12). The court agrees. The
complaint alleges, and the summary judgment record shows, that the plaintiffs in the underlying
Aguilar lawsuit sought damages for negligence against Kaplan Management. (See Docket Entry No.
1 ¶ 6; No 22, Ex. 5; No. 24, Ex. 2). In the Property Management Agreement between CVP Holdings
(the owner) and Kaplan Management (the manager), CVP Holdings agreed to indemnify and hold
Kaplan Management harmless for all debts and liabilities arising in connection with the property
“except for any such debt or liability that arises because of Manager’s negligence. . . .”1 (Docket
Entry No. 22, Ex. 24 at *20–21). Because Kaplan Management is responsible for its own negligence
Steadfast argues that under the Property Management Agreement, CVP Holdings “must provide
indemnity to the extent Kaplan was not negligent” and that indemnification agreements can moot “other
insurance” clauses when an insured indemnitor agrees to pay the liability of another party. American Indemn.
Lloyds v. Travelers Prop. & Cas. Ins. Co., 335 F.3d 429, 436 (5th Cir. 2003). Because the court finds that
the “other insurance” clauses in this case do not conflict, the indemnity agreement between CVP Holdings
and Kaplan Management does not trump those clauses and does not bear on the coverage issues.
under the Property Management Agreement, and because Kaplan was sued for negligence in the
underlying lawsuit, Scottsdale has met its burden to make a prima facie showing that at least some
portion of the Aguilar settlement was paid to dismiss the Aguilars’ claims against Kaplan.
“[T]he Fifth Circuit [has] expressly held that a district court may make new factual findings
in coverage actions” after the underlying suit has concluded. Nat’l Fire Ins., 649 F.Supp.2d at 649
(citing Nat’l Fire Ins. Co. v. Puget Plastics Corp., 532 F.3d 398, 404 (5th Cir. 2008)). The fact that
Scottsdale’s counsel in the underlying suit did not apportion damages between the insureds during
the litigation does not prevent this court from doing so on an adequate record. The preliminary issue
to be resolved in this case was Kaplan Management’s policy coverages from Scottsdale and
Steadfast. In its initial scheduling order, the court asked the parties to limit their cross-motions to
that issue. (Docket Entry No. 20). Having resolved the coverage issues, the court will consider
apportionment in the next phase of this litigation.
Steadfast’s motion for summary judgment for failure to apportion liability is denied at this
time, without prejudice.
Scottsdale’s and Steadfast’s cross-motions for summary judgment are granted in part and
denied in part. Steadfast’s motion for summary judgment on Kaplan Management’s primary policy
coverage is granted. Scottsdale was Kaplan Management’s sole primary insurer and is entirely
responsible for the defense fees and costs incurred in the underlying lawsuit. Scottsdale’s primary
policy limit of $1,000,000 must be exhausted before excess coverage applies.
Scottsdale’s motion for summary judgment on Kaplan Management’s excess policy coverage
is granted. Scottsdale provided Kaplan an umbrella policy excess to Steadfast’s excess coverage.
Steadfast’s excess policy limit of $1,000,000 must be exhausted before Scottsdale’s excess coverage
Steadfast’s motion for summary judgment on Scottsdale’s failure to apportion is denied,
without prejudice, as unripe.
The parties have requested mediation on the question of apportionment. No later than
February 24, 2017, the parties must file the name of their chosen mediator. The mediation deadline
is April 28, 2017.
SIGNED on February 17, 2017, at Houston, Texas.
Lee H. Rosenthal
Chief United States District Judge
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