Shipman v. Sowell et al

Filing 68

ORDER OF DISMISSAL granting 42 MOTION to Dismiss. Case terminated on 2/14/2018. (Signed by Judge Alfred H Bennett) Parties notified.(gclair, 4)

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United States District Court Southern District of Texas ENTERED UNI TED STA TES D I STRI COU RT CT SOU TH ERN D I STRI OF TEX A S CT H OU STON D I I ON V SI LESTER W . I AN , SH PM February 14, 2018 David J. Bradley, Clerk j j Pl ntf , ai i f DONALD SOW ELL,e al t , D e e nt . f nda s j j j j j O RD ER The Cour he d or a gum e i t s c s on M a c 3,201 whe ei t Cou ta l t l al r nt n hi a e rh 7, r n he r lowed Pli ift fl hi ThidAme dCompl n ( #55) Durngt he rngt Cour i or d antf o ie s r nde ait Doc. . i he a i he tnf me t pa te t t t Cour w oul c i r t a gum e s i bot t De e nt ' Res he ri s ha he t d ons de he r nt n h he f nda s pons i e n Opposton ( ii Doc.#41 and t De e nt' Moton t Dimis ( ) he f nda s i o s s Doc./42) i deemi ng / n tr ni whehe a Fe R.Ci P. 1 b)6) dimisl of Pl ntf' Thid Amende Compli i t r d. v. 2( ( s sa ai ifs r d ant s a opra e.The e or be or t Cour i M ont e y C o t M ont e y Count She if ppr i t r f e, f e he ts gom r un y, gom r y rf Ga ,Liue n Sclde, De y Cook,a De y Ne y' (d e ge e tna t i r put nd put el s ûDefndant ' Repo e i s'' s ns n ) Oppostont Pli ipsM otont Ame ( /41,GrmesCount Grme Count Sheif ii o antf i o nd Doc./ ) i y, i s y rf So l,a Grme Count DititAtone M c an' (t fnda s')M oton t Dimis wel nd i s y src tr y cli s s e nt'' De i o s s ( Doc.# ,a Pli ifs Re pons ( 42) nd antf' s e Doc.#48) Afe consdei t pa tes agumensa . tr i rng he ri ' r t nd a i bl l laut iy,t Cour g ant Def ndan s M o i t Dim is l pplca e ega hort he tr s e t ' tons o s s . 1. Background Thi c e a i e f om e nt s r undi a polc r d of a a om obie a ton on J s as r s s r ve s ur o ng i e ai n ut l uc i une 27,201 wheen Plitf (û pma ' a s verlot r wee ar td and t l sx ve ces 5, ri anif t shi n') nd e a he s r rese ify-i hil 1The Cour w ilr f t M ont om e y a Grm esC o t def nda s colec i y as Def nda s t l e er o g r nd i un y e nt l tvel e nt t o hr ughoutt s Or . hi der we e s z d.Doc. r eie #55 a 4-5.Pr bl ea e f t r i on t a on wa f t oba e us or he ad he udi s ound by a diti srd c u t u g i Grme Co ny, x s Th v hce wee s ie pu s a tt t s ac wa t o r j d e n i s u t Te a . e e ils r ez d ru n o he e rh nun. 1 a 5 S ima wa c ag dbyg a dj r id cme ta d e nual pld n l c ne de et d. t . hp n s h r e r n u y n it n n ve t ly e o o o tn r o s l n v hce wih u a l e s .1 .a 5 l .Afe t e ci n lc n cin wa aj d c td el g e ils to t i n e d t , 1 tr h rmia o vito s du iae , i c t r wa a pr ry hea i whe e t s i d vehi e we e r l s t va i pe e he e s ope t rng r by he eze cls r eea ed o rous opl i l ng Shi a 1 ncudi pm n. d. Shi a a l ge vi a i ofhi Fi s , pm n le s ol tons s r t Fourh,a Fou t e h A m e e rght unde 42 t nd r e nt ndm nt i s r U. C.j 1 Doc #55a 1 Heas aset sat t tcai f t tousi efrnc ab eof S. 983. . t 2. lo s rs t e or l ms Or ori ntree e, us p oc s s a r a ci l c pia y. / at 1 3. Def nda s now m ove t di m i s al of r es , l nde , nd vi ons r c #. 2-1 e nt o s s l Shi n' aorme i d cai u Fe R.Ci P.l b)6) Dee nt f t ruretatal pma s f e ntone l ms nder d. v. 2( ( . fnda s urhe g h l ofShi n' cai a ebard by Hec v Hu c 51 U. 477( 994) a a i r si e pma s l ms r re k . mphry, 2 S. 1 , s n mpemisbl a t c o t v i t of hi unde l i s a e c t c c i ta k n he aldiy s r y ng t t our onvi ton.Fi l Def dant a gue t t naly, en s r ha S ima scamsaes be tt ds sa u d r h Dee d n s o tca a dq aiidi nt s hp n' li r u jc o imis l n e t e fn a t' f il n u l e mmu ie . i f i l l. LegalSt andards A . M ot on t D i i i o sm ss A pary m a s e di m i s ofa c pl i f f l e t sa e a c ai upon w hi r i fc n t y e k s s al om a nt or aiur o t t l m ch ele a be grne Fed.R.Ci P.l b)6) l a td. v. 2( ( . û undert 1 b)6)sa r al welpl de fcs ae he 2( ( tndad, l l- ea d a t r vi we i t lghtm os f vor bl t t pl i if butpl i if m us a l ge f t t ts e d n he i t a a e o he a ntf , a ntf s t le ac s ha uppor t t he e e e s of t ca e of a ton i o der t m ake outa va i c ai . Ciyt Clnt v Pi i s l m nt he us ci n r o ld l m ' t ? i on . l m' ' . f gr PrdeCor ,632 F.d 1 1 -53 (t Ci.201 .S e ngs'f pur esofa Rul 1 b)6 i p. 3 48, 52 5h r 0) k adi ' or pos pl e 2( () m o i i l t c pl i ,is a t c e s a doc e st ta e r f r ed t i t c pl i ton nc ude he om a nt t ta hm nt , nd um nt ha r e e r o n he om a nt a d ce t a t t pl n if s c ai s. ln v.M or St e D e W it r 224 F. 496,498 9 n n r l o he ai tf l m Coli s gan anl y an te , 3d -9 (t Ci.20 .( s vi aRul l b)6)motont dimis aco aitû sno ne ddeald 5h r 00) ( ur ve To e 2( ( i o s s, mpl n doe t e tie f cualal tons'butmus pr d t pl n ifs gr unds f e ilm e t r lef i l ng a t legai , t ovi e he aitf o or ntte nt o ei ncudi f c ua a l ga i t t w he as um e t be t ue ia s a r g t r lef a a t l le tons ha n s d o r r i e i ht o e i bove t s c a i he pe ul tve lve.'Cuvlirv T or 503F. 397,401( h Ci.2007 (ii BelAt.Cor v Twombl e 1'' ile . ayl , 3d 5t r ) ctng l l p. . y, 550U. 54 555( S. 4, 2007). ti,û c antmus co ans fce tfcua matr a c tda ) Tha s 1 ompli a t nti ufiin a t l te, c epe s tu ,o Stt acam t r l fta i p a sbeo i fc .'As c otv I b l 5 6 U. 6 2 6 4 r e t sae li o ei h t s lu i l n t a e' h rj . q a , 5 S. 6 , 7 e s ' ( 09)( tng Twomby 550 U. a 570) l-hra r rcial oft el nt ofa c us of 20 quoi l S. t . û- e dbae e t s he eme s l a e a t n s p o tdb meec n ls r sae n s d n ts fie'As c ot 5 6U. a 6 8 ci , u p re y r o cu oy ttme t, o o u fc . h rj, 5 S. t 7 . o ' B. H eck Bar Cli br ams oughtunde 42 U. C.j 1 c l ng t lgalt of a c ci ae r S. 983 halengi he e iy onviton r bard purua t t Supr Cour' de son i He k v Humphre 51 U. 477 (1 4) re s nt o he eme ts cii n c . y, 2 S. 99 (i- k'. ckpr bisaca eofa ton unde j 1 unls t conviton ors ntnc whih il ' He ohi t us ci lec ) r 983 e s he ci e e e c f r t bass f t pl i if s c pl i has bee i va i t 51 U . a 489.The Fit o m he i or he a ntf om a nt n n lda ed. 2 S. t fh Cic tha sae t tj 1 cl mschalngi t e senc ofpr bl c e ar by t r rui s ttd ha 983 ai le ng he xit e oba e aus e hei e sn ec lae a atc so aci na j d me tsv l t Wel v Bo ne , 5F. d9 , 5( t se c oltrl ta k n rmi l u g n ' ai y. l . n r 4 3 0 9 5h di s Ci.1 ) Suc at ks r aoulof He k' û i of tnalt 'a ae t r or bard. r 995 . h tac un f c s û cy i iy' nd r heef e re pol Conno sv Gr e 538F.d 373,378( hCi.2008) r . av s, 3 5t r . C. Q ualfed l m uniy ii m t Quaiid i lfe mmuniy pr e t go r t ofi al fom ci lda t otcs venmen fci s r vi mage la lt whe s ibiiy n û he r a tons c d r s t i ci t oul ea onabl ha bee be i ved t be l l' M or y ve n le o ega . ' gan v.Swans 659 F. d on, 3 359,370(t Ci. 1 (nba ) Thebu de i o t pli ift pladf t s ngt()t t 5h r 201 ) e nc . r n s n he antf o e acs howi û1 ha t ofii vi ae a saut y or c tt i alrght a ( t t t rghtwas tl ry he fcal oltd tt or onsiuton i , nd 2) ha he i ceal e tbls a t tme oft c le sa ihed' t he i he halnged c onduc.' As n tv.al dd,5 U. 731 735 t'' hcrj -Ki 63 S. , ( 1.I i t Cour' dicrtonast whihpr i a esesfrtM or 659 F. a 371 201 ) t s he ts s ei o c ong t ddr s is. gan, 3d t . t he e no c r lng aut iy s ciialy pr bisa de enda ' c t r W ontoli hort pe fc l ohi t f nts onduc ...t lw ca t he a nnot bes d t becla l esabls d.' d. t372. ai o e ry t ihe '1 a 1 11. A nal i ys s A . Se ton 1983 ci To sae a 42 U. C.j 1 cam,k pli ifmus ( )alege a vi ai ofa rg tt S. 983 li $ antf a t1 l olton iht s c e by t Co ttto o lwsoft Unied Sttsa ( de e urd he nsiuin r a he t ae nd 2) monsrt t tt aleg tae ha he l ed de i ton wasc mit by ape s a tng unde c orofsae l 'M oor r Wils l p. prva i om ted r on c i r ol t t aw. ' e . li nde Sc Dit,233 F. 871 87 ( h Ci.2000) Shi n algest tt Def nt vi aed hi h. s 3d , 4 5t r . pma le ha he enda s olt s Fis , Fourh,a Foure nt Amendme rght . rt t nd te h nt i s2 1. Fourt A m endm ent h Shi an aleg hi pr r y w a i ei d m a i i l ' a t t i was hel i t r i pm l es s ope t s û ze s lc ous y' nd ha t d t e t af be a e cl a i c d no be us d a e denc ., o oc. #55 a 1 To de e m i w he he Hec cm e r t oul t e s vi e , 3 t 2. t r ne t r k p e ld ss c acam,h Co r i s frtd tr n wh t e aj dg n i g hima 'jf v r rcu e u h li te u tt t is eemie eh r u me t n s p n s a o mu on t s c a m s woul ne s arl i pl t i i t of hi c he e l i d ce s iy m y he nvaldiy s onvi ton' f s lng vehi l c i ' or eli c es wihoutalce e Connor v Gr s 538 F.3 373,376 ( t Ci.2008 .Thepr ry s z e t i ns . s , ave , d 5h r ) ope t eiur f m i t ba i of Shi an' c pl i w as done pur ua t a s r w a r a evi e of or ng he s s pm s om a nt s nt o ea ch r ant s denc c i nalac i t r at t t unlce e ve cl a ton.A tndi by t s Cour t tt e rmi tviy el ed o he i ns d hi e uc i i ng hi t ha her w a no pr bl ca e f t w a r nt w oul unde m i Shi an' c i i l c s oba e us or he r a d r ne pm s r m na onvi ton. ci Shi an' Foulh Am e pm s ' t ndm e c a m s a e a c l t r a t ck ag ns t pr bl ca e f hi nt l i r ola e al ta ai t he oba e us or s 2The Cou tdimis sShi n' j 1 cli unde Fed.R.Ci P.1 b)6 st r f e,t r s s e pma s 983 ams r v. 2( ( ) he eor he Cou tdoe not a yz t applc biiy of qua ii d i m uniy.H ow e ,t Cour no e t r s nal e he i a lt lfe m t ver he t t s hat qu ii i m u t w oul a s be a ba i f t di m i s ofShi a s c ai s alfed m niy d lo s s or he s s al pm n' l m . 3 Shi m a s a es no pl i e cl i f r i unde t Fourh A m e P n tt aus bl a m or elef r he t ndm e c nt once ni t r ng he hol ng oft s z vehi es The ve c es w e e l w f l s z pur ua t a w a r nta hel di he ei ed cl . hi l r a uly ei ed s nt o r a nd d a e d n eo t ec i c a g du tl fe t ea j dc to o teci n l a e s vie c f h rme h r e n iatr h d u iain f h rmia c s . 4 a r s a s z e ofpr pe t r a i t hi a r t A spr vi usy e a ne s h a c us of re t nd eiur o ry eltng o s res. e o l xpli d, uc a e a ton i ba r d by H e k. ci s re c 2. Fi A m endm ent rst Shi a a s pl a û e a i ton a i t hi f t e r i e of hi r ghtt f e s c pm n l o e ds t t la i ga ns m or he xe c s r si o r e pee h a hi r g t pe ii r r s ofgreva s i l ng hi r ghtt fl t s l s t' D oc.#55 a nd s i ht o tton ed e s i nce , nc udi s i o ie hi aw ui.' t 1 TheFis Am e 2. rt ndme pr bisa r egove nm e alaci n a ns i vi l i r t iton nt ohi t dve s r nt to gai t ndi dua s n eala i f t e r s ofpr ece s e h aci te .Ke nan v j or he xecie ot td pe c tviis e .Teeda,290 F. 25 258 ( h Ci. 3d 2, 5t r 2002) Shi n aleg ha t ci nalpr e uton wa rtlai f hi pr e e s ec . pma l est t he rmi os c i s eaiton or s otctd pe h a tvii s b a e l w e or m entof i al di notr pond t m uli e l ter hi a t ney s nt c i te ec us a nf ce fci s d es o tpl e t s s tor e t te g a d j r ,te s rf,a d t e p o e u o a d b c u e hs atr e c e td a itr e o h rn u y h heif n h r s c t r n e a s i to n y rae n n en t S og pos ' c ii zi 1 w e or em ent a tviy r a ed t t c i i l c e.D oc.#55 a 7 s bl t' r tci ng a nf c c i t el t o he r m na as t -8. H o e r S e ala or c i i lpr ec i i vi aton oft Fi s Am e w ve , k t i t y r m na os utons n ol i r he r t ndm e a e ac i bl nt r tona e onl i a pl ntf c n al o pr t c m on-aw el m e s of m a i i pr ec i i l ng y f ai i f a s ove he om l e nt lc ous os uton, nc udi t a e e ofpr bl c e t pr ec e.' nan,290 F. a 260.A sdi c s d e ri ri t s he bs nc oba e aus o os ut ' Kee 3d t s us e a le n hi O r r Shi a i ba r f om cha l ng t p obabl c e t pr e t .A s s h,Shi a ha de , pm n s r ed r lengi he r e aus o os cu e uc pm n s notpl d f t s e ac s uppori a pl i e c a m ofr t i ton unde t Fis Am e en . tng aus bl l i e ala i r he r t ndm t 3. Fourt eenth A m endm ent Shi a a s pl ds ts e tve pr e uton' a ts l tve e or m entoft l 'Doc. pm n l o ea ûel c i os c i ' nd û e ec i nf ce he aw' #5 a 1 The Equa Pr ec i c pone of due pr es pr bis pr e uton ba ed on û 5 t 2. l ot ton om nt oc s ohi t os c i s t an unusiibl sa r s h a rc r i on,orot rabirr cls iiai 'Unie St e v j tfa e tndad uc s a e, elgi he r tay a sfc ton' td ats . Ar ton 51 U. 456,464 (996 .Equa pr tci cli lke s lci pr ec i and msr g, 7 S. 1 ) l oe ton ams i ee tve os uton s l c i e or e e m us cont n f t t s e e tve nf c m nt t ai ac s o how gove nm e of i i l w er m o i t d by r nt f c a s e tva e i ope c i a i of r c r lgi or t de ie t pr ve e c s of a c tt i mpr r ons der tons a e, e i on, he s r o e nt xer i e ons iutonal 5 277 ( t Ci 2000) Shi n pld no f t 5h r . pma e acs al ng t thebeongst o wa t geed bec us ofhi me be s p i apa tculrcas . legi ha l o, r s ar t a e s m r hi n, ri a l s Nor ha Shi a i tte wha c tt i s pm n den ii d t onsiutonalrghthe bei ve t De enda s de ie t pr ven i le d he f nt sr d o e t hi f o e r i i by ar e tng a pr ec i hi f c i i ac i t Shi an ha notpl d m r m xe c s ng r s i nd os utng m or rm nal tviy. pm s e f ts ac s uppori a pl i e c ai ofs e tve pr e uton ore or e e . tng aus bl l m el c i os c i nf c m nt Shi a a s a l ge si m a pl -nf i m e bas d on t û a s a de a a or pm n l o le s tg - us i rnge nt e he û l e nd f m t y f sa e e s' r ga di Shi an s lng s ol n ve cl s Thi c a m i bas upon t ale d t t m nt ' e r ng pm eli t e hi e . s l i s ed he l ge sa e e of a polce of i r t ne s m e a a t s ene of t polc r i w he e Shi a wa t t m nt i fce o w di t he c he i e a d r pm n s a r s e To esa i h a si m a- us i rnge e c ai ,t pl i if m us ba e t cl i u r e t d. t bls tg pl -nf i m nt l m he a ntf t s he a m pon a f le c a s ommunia i ma by a publc ofi i .Bl kbu n v Ciyo Ma s al 4 F.d 9 5 9 6 c ton de i tcal ac r . t f rh l 2 3 2 , 3 . , ( h Ci.1 5) Shi n ale st tapolceofi r Liutna Sci r t d t me at sae 5t r 99 . pma lge ha i fce, e e nt lde, ol he di hat tt l w gi es pe pl t e y da t r gi t r ve c es i t r na e a i t y do no t polc c n a v o e w nt ys o e s e hi l n hei m , nd f he t he i e a pr s e t ve cl s a e s ol n.Doc.#55 a 5.The Fit Cic thas onl f e um he hi e r t e t fh r ui y ound si m a w he t tg n he sa e a t m a S onc e e,f s as eri ofw r ngdoi o t pa tof t pl n if' Bl k r t t c or de i r t ale s tons c o ng n he r he ai tf . ac bu n, ' 42 F. d a 936.A pr r qui ie bei t tt s a e e t i f l e.1 H e e,t of i e ' s a e e s 3 t e e st ng ha he t t m n s a s d. r he fc r s t t m nt co e i v hi l r sr ton a t l ga pr s p i r ga di unr gi t ed ve c es be ng nc m ng e c e egita i nd he e l e um ton e r ng e ser hi l i rf r sol n w a t u 4The e o e, Shi a s c pl i f ist s a e a pl i e c a m on t sgr nd. te s r e. pm n' om a nt a l o t t ausbl l i hi ou B.Im m uniy f t rom Tort Cl m s ai Addii l Shi a ale s s a e l c a m s oft tous i e f e e,a e ofpr es , tonaly, pm n l ge t t aw l i ori nt r er nc bus oc s sa r a cvi c pia y a s tng t s me fcs pld i s lnde , nd i l ons r c seri he a a t e n uppor oft alege j l t he l d 983 vi a i ns D oc. at1 3.Shi a st ' c ai s a e a ns l he na ur lpe s Def nda s' ol to . #55 2-1 pm n' ol l m r gai t ç t t t a - r on e nt ' 4 The of i r s s a em en t t m e a a a l ge by Shi a r l t a s m a y of t l w fce ' t t t o he di s le d pm n efec s um r he a outi dbyTe Pe lCode31. c)7)B) lne x. na 03( ( ( . 6 (heif,ofi r,a t diti at ne i t i i viua c pact 1 a 13. De e nt s lfs fves nd he srd tor y) n her ndi d l a iy.J. t The f nda s a g t tShi a se am ss d be dimis d unde t e e on ofr r ue ha pm n' l i houl s se r he l di emedi pr vii f es o son ound i Te Ci Pr & Re Codej 1 .06. n x. v. ac. m. 011 One oft prm a y pur esoft Te s Tor Cl i s Ac ge r l a s c i 1 1 1 i he i r pos he xa t am t ne aly nd e ton 0 . 06 n pa tc a i t pr t c gove nmen e oy s a tng i t s o oft rempl riulr s o o e t r t mpl ee c i n he c pe hei oyme fo t t nt r m or l bly.T x sAt ua tGe e a ' Ofîe v Nga o e 4 8 S. .d 3 0 3 7 ( x 2 1 ) W h n i it e a l tn n r l< jc . k u , 0 W 3 5 , 5 Te . 0 3 . e a i i $ ' Se ton 1 .06( oft Te sCi lPr tcea Re di Code wase ce i torcos dl ci 011 9 he xa vi aci nd me es na td, t c e l eg f s ta i ta gove nm e e pl e i hi i vi lc pa t i he was a tng w ihi t s pe of ui ga ns r nt m oye n s ndi dua a ciy f ci t n he co e oyme . Fr a v Vea qu z 332 S. . 367:381( x. l.1 ofi a a t wihi te mpl nt' ank . ls e , ' W 3d Te 201 ) ( fcil cs t n h An s o e o gija to i i (e i d s h r ig te d te g n rly a sg d t g i . Ci c p f hs uh rt f h j s ic agn h u is e eal s ine o hml' t y ' y La a trv Chambe s 8 S. . 65 658( 1 .Shi n' t tcamsaieou oft ndc se . r , 83 W 2d 0, Tex. 994) pma s or li rs t he c uc of s rf s ofi e s a pr e ut s s r ond t he if , f c r , nd os c or ur oundi t c i i l i tga i r i of t ng he rm na nvesi ton, a d he a omobie a ton pur ua t a s a ch wa r t a t i c me a c i i lpr ec ton of ut l uci s nt o e r ran , nd he ndit nt nd rm na os u i Shi a I i c ea fom t pl a ngs t tt Def dant we e a tng w ihi t s ope oft r pm n. t s l r r he e di ha he en s r c i t n he c hei e pl e a l w e or e e ofi e s w ih Grm e a M ont e y Count a t t t m oym nt s a nf c m nt tc r t i s nd gom r y, nd ha he a to ofwhi h Shi n c c ins c pma ompl i we et e o t lw e or e e ofii sdic r ng t i ans r hos f he a nf c m nt fcal s ha gi her ge r l1 w e o ce e d i .The ef e, he Cou t s i s s Shi a s s a e l w t r c a m s ne a a nf r m nt utes r or t r di m s e pm n' t t a o t l i . lV . Concl on usi Fort f e ng r a ons De enda s'M oton t Dimi si GRANTED.Thi c e i he e he or goi e s , f nt i o s s s s as s r by DI SSED wihprj c SMI t eudie. l i s O RD ERED . ts o FEB 1 # 2 1 22 D ae t The Honor b e a e H . nne t d Be t U nie St t s D i c J t d a e s t udge

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