Mundine v. Director TDCJ et al
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION entered. Mr. Mundine fails to plead a claim for deliberate indifference to his safety, or to justify the intervention into prison administration that he seeks. This case is DISMISSED. Final judgment is entered by separate order. (Signed by Chief Judge Lee H Rosenthal) Parties notified. (wbostic, 4)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
BRAD LIVINGSTON, et al.,
May 11, 2017
David J. Bradley, Clerk
CIVIL ACTION NO. H-17-1295
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION
Jeremy Mundine is an inmate in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice ("TDCJ"). In this
suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, he alleges violations ofhis Eighth Amendment rights by several TDCJ
officials and employees.
Mr. Mundine alleges that, in 2014, a TDCJ investigator asked him questions about a fight
between another inmate and a TDCJ lieutenant. Mr. Mundine states that he believed the investigator
was asking about a different inmate, and he gave some information. He contends that he later
learned that the inmate the investigator was asking about was instead a leader of a prison gang. Mr.
Mundine contends that his life is in danger as a result. He seeks injunctive relief requiring TDCJ
to place him in protective custody or transfer him to another unit.
Mr. Mundine originally filed this case on February 23,2015 in the Eastern District ofTexas.
His complaint indicates that he was then housed at the TDCJ's Michael Unit, in Anderson County,
Texas. See Complaint (Docket No. 1) at 1. On October 25, 2016, Mr. Mundine filed an amended
complaint. The amended complaint shows that he was transferred to the Ellis Unit in Walker
County, Texas. See Amended Complaint (Docket No. 17) at 1. Based in part on Mr. Mundine's
location in Walker County, a magistrate judge ordered this case transferred to this court.
Section 1915A of title 28 of the United States Code requires a federal district court to
"review ... a complaint in a civil action in which a prisoner seeks redress from a governmental
entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity." If the complaint presents no claims that may
proceed, the court must dismiss the complaint.
"To violate the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause, a prison official must have a
sufficiently culpable state of mind. In prison conditions cases that state of mind is one of deliberate
indifference to inmate health or safety." Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 834 (1994)(intemal
citations and quotation marks omitted). "Deliberate indifference" is more than mere negligence,
Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 103, 104-06 (1976), but "something less than acts or omissions for the
very purpose of causing harm or with knowledge that harm will result." Farmer, 511 U.S. at 835.
Rather, deliberate indifference requires that the defendant be subjectively aware of a substantial risk
of serious harm to the inmate and recklessly disregard that risk. !d. at 829, 836.
Mr. Mundine's original complaint acknowledges that TDCJ, on its own initiative, either
placed him in protective custody or conducted an investigation into whether he should be placed in
protective custody (the complaint is unclear whether one or both of these occurred). See Complaint
at 6. The amended complaint establishes that Mr. Mundine has been transferred from the Michael
Unit, where he was housed with the alleged gang leader, to the Ellis Unit. It appears that TDCJ has
already transferred Mr. Mundine and either placed him in protective custody or made a determination
after investigating that he did not need to be in protective custody. Mr. Mundine's own pleadings
establish that the defendants have not been deliberately indifferent to his safety.
To the extent that Mr. Mundine seeks an order directing TDCJ to transfer him to a particular
unit, or to place him in a specific custody level, he fails to plead facts justifying this relief.
"Classification of inmates is a matter of prison administration and management with which federal
courts are reluctant to interfere except in extreme circumstances." Young v. Wainwright, 449 F.2d
338, 339 (5th Cir. 1971). The amended complaint, filed more than 20 months after the original
complaint, does not contend that Mr. Mundine has been attacked or threatened with harm. The lack
of harm or threat of harm over an extended period undermines the basis for the relief he seeks.
Mr. Mundine fails to plead a claim for deliberate indifference to his safety, or to justify the
intervention into prison administration that he seeks. This case is dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. §
1915 A. Final judgment is entered by separate order.
SIGNED thisMday of May, 2017, at Houston, Texas.
Lee H. Rosenthal
Chief United States District Judge
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