Dizdar et al v. State Farm Lloyds et al
OPINION AND ORDER re 29 MOTION for Summary Judgment and 30 MOTION for Continuance. Show Cause Hearing for John Steven Mostyn and the Mostyn Law Firm set for 5/6/2016 at 09:00 AM before Judge Micaela Alvarez)(Signed by Judge Micaela Alvarez) Parties notified.(bgarces, 7)
United States District Court
Southern District of Texas
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
MARK DIZDAR, et al,
STATE FARM LLOYDS, et al,
April 13, 2016
David J. Bradley, Clerk
§ CIVIL ACTION NO. 7:14-CV-514
OPINION AND ORDER
The Court now addresses “Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment,”1 filed by
Defendant State Farm Lloyds (“State Farm”) and Defendant Richard Lee Wallis (“Mr. Wallis”)
(collectively “Defendants”). Plaintiffs Mark Dizdar (“Mr. Dizdar”) and Kelly Dizdar (“Mrs.
Dizdar”) have timely responded to the motion.2 Additionally, Plaintiffs have filed a motion for
continuance of Defendants’ motion for summary judgment,3 to which Defendants have
responded.4 After considering the motions, responses, record, and relevant authorities, the Court
DENIES Plaintiffs’ motion for continuance, and GRANTS Defendants’ motion for summary
Plaintiffs’ claims arise from damage sustained to their property as a result of an alleged
March 29, 2012 storm event in Hidalgo County, Texas.5 Shortly after the storm, Plaintiffs
reported an insurance claim to State Farm for the damages sustained to their property. 6
Dkt. No. 29 (“Motion for Summary Judgment”).
Dkt. No. 31 (“Response”).
Dkt. No. 30 (“Motion for Continuance”).
Dkt. No. 32 (“Response to Motion for Continuance”).
Dkt. No. 1, Exh. B at p. 6.
Response at ¶ 14.
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Thereafter, Mr. Wallis inspected the property on behalf of State Farm on June 22, 2012,
estimating the loss to the property at $8,654.13.7 Consequently, State Farm issued to Plaintiffs a
payment of $4,955.60, after applying depreciation and deductible.8
Thereafter, Plaintiffs requested a re-inspection of the property by State Farm,9 and on or
about August 17, 2012, Mr. Wallis re-inspected Plaintiffs’ property.10 Subsequent to the
inspection, State Farm issued a supplemental payment of $3,125.67 for Plaintiffs’ storm claim.11
Finding that Plaintiffs’ claim “[f]ile was complete[,]”12 State Farm closed the claim shortly
thereafter. After payment was issued, State Farm had no discussions with Plaintiffs regarding
“any concerns or complaints” about the adjustment of their claim until this suit was filed.13
On April 16, 2014, Plaintiffs filed the instant lawsuit in state court alleging various
insurance related causes of action against Defendants.14 Subsequently, on June 20, 2014,
Defendants removed the case to this Court based on diversity jurisdiction.15 Thereafter, on
February 13, 2015, Plaintiffs invoked the appraisal provision of the insurance policy at issue,16
which provides in relevant part:
If you and we fail to agree on the amount of loss, either one can demand that the
amount of the loss be set by appraisal. If either makes a written demand for
appraisal, each shall select a competent, independent appraiser and notify the
other of the appraiser's identity within 20 days of receipt of the written demand.
The two appraisers shall then select a competent, impartial umpire. If the two
appraisers are unable to agree upon an umpire within 15 days, you or we can ask a
judge of a court of record in the state where the residence premises is located to
select an umpire. The appraisers shall then set the amount of the loss. If the
appraisers submit a written report of an agreement to us, the amount agreed upon
Id. at ¶ 15.
Dkt. No. 29, Exh. B. at p. 5.
Motion for Summary Judgment at ¶ 5.
Dkt. No. 1, Exh. B at p. 3.
Dkt. No. 1.
Dkt. No. 20, Exh. A.
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shall be the amount of the loss. If the appraisers fail to agree within a reasonable
time, they shall submit their differences to the umpire. Written agreement
signed by any two of these three shall set the amount of the loss.17
On June 9, 2015, Plaintiffs and State Farm filed an agreed motion to abate the case pending
completion of the appraisal process,18 and on June 17, 2015, the Court granted the motion and
abated the case.19
On October 19, 2015, the parties filed a status report advising the Court that on
September 1, 2015, an appraisal award had been issued jointly by the appraisers for each party,
and that State Farm had tendered payment of the award to Plaintiffs minus the applicable
deductible and prior payments.20 Furthermore, the report advised the Court that State Farm
requested Plaintiffs dismiss their case but Plaintiffs did not agree. The Court now addresses the
merits of the instant motions.
II. Legal Standard
Under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56, summary judgment is proper when there is
“no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of
law.”21 A fact is “material” if its resolution could affect the outcome of the action, 22 while a
“genuine” dispute is present “only if a reasonable jury could return a verdict for the nonmovant.”23 As a result, “[o]nly disputes over facts that might affect the outcome of the suit
under the governing laws will properly preclude the entry of summary judgment.”24
Dkt. No. 29, Exh. A at p. 23.
Dkt. No. 20.
Dkt. No. 23.
See Dkt. No. 25.
FED. R. CIV. P. 56(a).
Burrell v. Dr. Pepper/Seven UP Bottling Grp., Inc., 482 F.3d 408, 411 (5th Cir. 2007) (internal quotation marks
and citation omitted).
Fordoche, Inc. v. Texaco, Inc., 463 F.3d 388, 392 (5th Cir. 2006) (citation omitted).
Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986).
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In a motion for summary judgment, the movant bears the initial burden of showing the
absence of a genuine issue of material fact.25 In this showing, “bald assertions of ultimate fact”
are insufficient.26 Absent a sufficient showing, summary judgment is not warranted, the analysis
is ended, and the non-movant need not defend the motion.27 On the other hand, the movant is
freed from this initial burden on matters for which the non-movant would bear the burden of
proof at trial; in that event, the movant’s burden is reduced to merely pointing to the absence of
evidence.28 If the movant meets its initial burden, the non-movant must then demonstrate the
existence of a genuine issue of material fact.29 This demonstration must specifically indicate
facts and their significance,30 and cannot consist solely of “conclusional allegations and denials,
speculation, improbable inferences, unsubstantiated assertions, and legalistic argumentation.”31
In conducting its analysis, the Court considers evidence from the entire record and views
that evidence in the light most favorable to the non-movant.32 Thus, although the Court refrains
from determinations of credibility and evidentiary weight, the Court nonetheless gives credence
to all evidence favoring the non-movant; on the other hand, regarding evidence that favors the
movant, the Court gives credence to evidence that is uncontradicted and unimpeachable, but
disregards evidence the jury is not required to believe.33 Rather than combing through the record
on its own, the Court looks to the motion for summary judgment and response to present the
evidence for consideration.34 Parties may cite to any part of the record, or bring evidence in the
See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986).
Gossett v. Du-Ra-Kel Corp., 569 F.2d 869, 872 (5th Cir. 1978) (citation omitted).
See Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 323.
See id. at 323-25; see also Transamerica Ins. Co. v. Avenell, 66 F.3d 715, 718-19 (5th Cir. 1995).
See Ragas v. Tenn. Gas Pipeline Co., 136 F.3d 455, 458 (5th Cir. 1998).
U.S. ex rel. Farmer v. City of Houston, 523 F.3d 333, 337 (5th Cir. 2008) (citing TIG Ins. Co. v. Sedgwick James
of Wash., 276 F.3d 754, 759 (5th Cir. 2002)).
See Moore v. Willis Indep. Sch. Dist., 233 F.3d 871, 874 (5th Cir. 2000) (citations omitted).
See FED.R.CIV. P. 56(e).
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motion and response.35 By either method, parties need not proffer evidence in a form admissible
at trial,36 but must proffer evidence substantively admissible at trial.37
A. Plaintiffs’ Motion for Continuance
As an initial matter, Plaintiffs allege in their motion for continuance that the motion for
summary judgment is premature, asserting that insufficient discovery has been completed to
allow Plaintiffs to properly respond to the motion for summary judgment.38 Thus, Plaintiffs
request the Court continue Defendants’ motion for summary judgment “to allow Plaintiffs
additional time to conduct . . . discovery.”39
Rule 56(d) provides courts with discretion to defer ruling on a motion for summary
judgment or to allow a nonmoving party additional time to obtain further discovery. 40 In order to
obtain such relief, however, the nonmovant must show “by affidavit or declaration that, for
specified reasons, it cannot present facts essential to justify its opposition.”41 In this manner, the
nonmovant must set forth “how additional discovery will create a genuine issue of material
fact.”42 Relief under Rule 56(d) is not warranted if either (1) the proffered basis does not present
a reasonable likelihood that further discovery would produce evidence creating a fact issue, 43 or
See FED. R. CIV. P. 56(c).
See Celotex Corp., 477 U.S. at 324 (“We do not mean that the nonmoving party must produce evidence in a form
that would be admissible at trial in order to avoid summary judgment.”).
See Bellard v. Gautreaux, 675 F.3d 454, 460 (5th Cir. 2012) (“the evidence proffered by the plaintiff to satisfy his
burden of proof must be competent and admissible at trial.”).
See Motion for Continuance at ¶¶ 12-13.
Motion for Continuance at ¶ 21.
FED. R. CIV. P. 56(d).
Id. (emphasis added).
Canady v. Bossier Parish Sch. Bd., 240 F.3d 437, 448 (5th Cir. 2001) (citing Leatherman v. Tarrant Cnty.
Narcotics Intelligence and Coordination Unit, 28 F.3d 1388, 1395 (5th Cir. 1994)).
Beverly v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 428 F.App'x 449, 451 (5th Cir. 2011) (“If it reasonably appears that further
discovery would not produce evidence creating a genuine issue of material fact, the district court's preclusion of
further discovery prior to entering summary judgment is not an abuse of discretion.”) (quoting Resolution Trust
Corp. v. Sharif–Munir–Davidson Dev. Corp., 992 F.2d 1398, 1401 (5th Cir. 1993)).
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(2) such evidence would not create fact issues for each essential element of the nonmovant’s
Here, Plaintiffs assert in their motion for continuance that “[c]onducting written
discovery and taking Defendants’ oral depositions is a critical part of the discovery in this
case . . . as it will be Plaintiffs’ first opportunity to personally inquire into Defendants’
recollection and position as to the facts surrounding the investigation, adjustment, and settlement
of Plaintiffs’ hail claim.”45 Plaintiffs, however, do not specify what facts they seek to develop.
Thus, the Court finds that Plaintiffs have failed to identify any additional discovery likely to
create a fact issue as to each essential element.
As Plaintiffs recognize, an appraisal award has already determined the amount of loss in
this case.46 Thus, the Court will discuss the implications of the appraisal award on the breach of
contract claim and extra-contractual claims below. In doing so, the Court will specifically
address the ineffectiveness of the asserted evidence in creating a fact issue preventing summary
judgment. On the basis of the standard discussed above, and the reasons more fully set forth
below, the Court DENIES Plaintiffs’ motion for continuance.
B. Breach of Contract Claim
Defendants’ argument in favor of summary judgment proceeds sequentially to address
the claim for breach of contract before the extra-contractual claims, a rubric which the Court
finds helpful for the analysis.
See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323 (1986) (“[A] complete failure of proof concerning an essential
element of the nonmoving party's cause necessarily renders all other facts immaterial.”)
Motion for Continuance at ¶ 13.
See Response at ¶ 9; (“[T]he appraisal process determined that the amount of Plaintiffs’ loss was $12,364.04.”).
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Defendants argue that Plaintiffs are estopped for maintaining a breach of contract claim
as a matter of law based on its timely payment of the appraisal award.47 Because federal
jurisdiction is invoked on the basis of diversity of citizenship, this Court, Erie-bound, must
adhere to grounds of relief authorized by the state law of Texas.48 Absent a decision by a state’s
highest tribunal, the decisions by Texas courts of appeals are controlling “unless [the Court] is
convinced by other persuasive data that the highest court of the state would decide otherwise.”49
Indeed, in Texas, “[t]he effect of an appraisal provision is to estop one party from
contesting the issue of damages in a suit on the insurance contract, leaving only the question of
liability for the court.”50 In breach of contract cases where liability derives from an allegation
that the insurer wrongfully underpaid a claim, Texas law dictates that the insured is estopped
from maintaining a breach of contract claim when the insurer makes a proper payment pursuant
to the appraisal clause.51 Accordingly, in the instant case, Plaintiffs are effectively foreclosed
from bringing a breach of contract claim due to Defendants’ timely payment at each step of the
claim process, unless Plaintiffs successfully raise an issue of fact on some distinct contractual
provision, or if Plaintiffs effectively raise an issue of fact as to the validity of the appraisal
process.52 Here, Plaintiffs do not cite to any contractual provision they claim was breached.
Indeed, it is undisputed that State Farm timely responded to, and paid, the initial claim; and that
State Farm also timely responded to, and paid, the claim for supplemental damages.
See Motion for Summary Judgment at ¶¶ 7-8.
See Exxon Co. U.S.A, Div. of Exxon Corp. v. Banque De Paris Et Des Pays-Bas, 889 F.2d 674, 675 (5th Cir.
1989); see also Erie R.R. Co. v. Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938).
Id. (quoting West v. AT&T, 311 U.S. 223, 237 (1940)) (internal quotation marks omitted).
Franco v. Slavonic Mut. Fire Ins. Ass'n, 154 S.W.3d 777, 786 (Tex. App.—Houston [14th Dist.] 2004, no pet.)
(citing Wells v. American States Preferred Ins. Co., 919 S.W.2d 679, 683-85 (Tex. App.—Dallas 1996, writ
See Blum's Furniture Co. v. Certain Underwriters at Lloyds London, 459 F. App’x 366, 368 (5th Cir. 2012)
(internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
See Franco, 154 S.W.3d at 786-87.
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Furthermore, State Farm was given no notice whatsoever of any dissatisfaction with the claim
handling process until suit was filed.
Nevertheless, Plaintiffs contend that other actions committed by State Farm supports a
breach of contract claim. Favorably interpreting the allegations in their response to Defendants’
motion for summary judgment, Plaintiffs assert that the appraisal award “shows” that State Farm
breached the policy in two ways: (1) by failing “to properly estimate the amount of . . .
damages[,]” and (2) by denying “coverage when such coverage clearly should have been
extended.”53 Concerning the alleged wrongful denial of coverage, Plaintiffs argue State Farm is
in breach of contract because when it paid Plaintiffs’ claim, it did not “allow any funds for . . .
damages to [Plaintiffs’] fence, but the appraisal process found that the fence indeed had been
damaged by the storm.”54
Regarding Plaintiffs’ first argument that the appraisal award shows State Farm breached
the contract by failing to properly estimate the amount of damages, the Court notes that contrary
to Plaintiffs’ assertions, Texas law clearly holds the discrepancy between the initial estimate and
the appraisal award cannot be used as evidence of breach of contract. In Breshears v. State Farm
Lloyds, the court held:
[Plaintiffs] may not use the fact that the appraisal award was different than the
amount originally paid as evidence of breach of contract, especially when the
contract they claim is being breached provides for resolution of disputes through
Here, the language of the appraisal clause, as in Breshears, describes disagreement as to
the amount of loss as a condition precedent to the appraisal process, 56 rendering the asserted
discrepancy an immaterial fact issue for a breach of contract claim. Moreover, the Court is
Response at ¶ 18.
Breshears v. State Farm Lloyds, 155 S.W.3d 340, 343 (Tex. App.—Corpus Christi 2004, pet. denied).
Dkt. No. 29, Exh. A at p. 23.
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unpersuaded by Plaintiffs’ second argument that State Farm breached the contract by initially
denying coverage to items which should have been covered. Plaintiffs are essentially arguing the
exact same thing twice, albeit with different wording. In essence, Plaintiffs appear to be alleging
that: (1) State Farm breached the contract by failing to properly estimate the amount of damages
as evidenced by the disparity in the appraisal award; and (2) State Farm breached the contract by
failing to properly estimate the amount of damages as evidenced by the disparity in the appraisal
award because it did not include coverage to Plaintiffs’ fence in its initial estimate.
Simply put, in both scenarios, Plaintiffs describe the breach of contract claim as based on
Defendants’ initial assessment not matching the appraisal award, i.e. the fact pattern considered
in Breshears. Therefore, even if Plaintiffs’ factual assertions are correct, they have failed to raise
a genuine issue of material fact. As a result, the Court finds that the existence, timely payment,
and acceptance of the binding and enforceable appraisal award estops Plaintiffs from asserting
their breach of contract claim, and that summary judgment as to this claim is appropriate.
C. Extra-Contractual Claims
Plaintiffs’ original petition alleges extra-contractual claims against State Farm for (1)
committing violations of Chapters 541 and 542 of the Texas Insurance Code; (2) engaging in
fraud and conspiracy to commit fraud; and (3) breaching the common law duty of good faith and
dealing.57 Additionally, Plaintiffs allege extra-contractual claims against Mr. Wallis for
committing violations of Chapters 541 of the Texas Insurance Code and engaging in fraud and
conspiracy to commit fraud.58 The Court commences its analysis of these claims by recognizing
the principle that “in most circumstances, an insured may not prevail on a bad faith claim
Dkt. No. 1, Exh. B at pp. 16-23.
Id. at pp. 13-20.
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without first showing that the insurer breached the contract.”59 The exceptions to this rule are the
insurer’s (1) failure to timely investigate the insured’s claim or (2) commission of “some act, so
extreme, that would cause injury independent of the policy claim.”60
Defendants argue Plaintiffs cannot maintain any extra-contractual causes of action
because State Farm promptly investigated Plaintiffs’ claim and tendered the appraisal award
within a week of receiving it.61 Moreover, Defendants contend that Plaintiffs cannot succeed on
their extra-contractual claims because each cause of action is derivatively precluded by the
appraisal and resultant estoppel on their breach of contract claim.62 Lastly, Defendants argue
Plaintiffs fail to allege facts that would give rise to an independent injury claim.63
i. Bad Faith Claims
In Texas, the common-law bad faith standard for breach of the duty of good faith and fair
dealing is imputed to statutory liability under the Texas Insurance Code; both extra-contractual
claims share the same predicate for recovery, such that evidentiary insufficiency is equally
dispositive.64 Relevant to the disposition of this case, the Texas Supreme Court has held that an
insured’s bad faith claims must fail as a result of the Court’s resolution of the breach of contract
claim in the insurer’s favor, unless the insured can demonstrate actions or omissions that caused
an injury independent of those that would have resulted from the wrongful denial of the policy
Liberty Nat. Fire Ins. Co. v. Akin, 927 S.W.2d 627, 629 (Tex. 1996) (citing Republic Ins. Co. v. Stoker, 903
S.W.2d 338, 341 (Tex. 1995); Transportation Ins. Co. v. Moriel, 879 S.W.2d 10, 17 (Tex. 1994)).
Republic Ins. Co. v. Stoker, 903 S.W.2d 338, 341 (Tex. 1995).
Motion for Summary Judgment at ¶11.
Id. at ¶9.
See Emmert v. Progressive Cnty. Mut. Ins. Co., 882 S.W.2d 32, 36 (Tex. App.—Tyler 1994, writ denied); Texas
Mut. Ins. Co. v. Sara Care Child Care Ctr., Inc., 324 S.W.3d 305, 317 (Tex. App.—El Paso 2010, review denied)
(citing Progressive County Mut. Ins. Co. v. Boyd, 177 S.W.3d 919, 922–23 (Tex. 2005) (per curiam)).
Great Am. Ins. Co. v. AFS/IBEX Fin. Services, Inc., 612 F.3d 800, 808 n.1 (5th Cir. 2010) (citing Parkans Int'l
LLC v. Zurich Ins. Co., 299 F.3d 514, 519 (5th Cir. 2002)).
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To the extent Plaintiffs even sufficiently alleged extra-contractual claims in their original
petition, the bad-faith causes of action relate solely to State Farm’s investigation and handling of
Plaintiffs’ policy claim.66 Plaintiffs do not allege that these claims extend beyond the coverage
dispute. Thus, far from providing evidence creating a genuine issue of material fact on these
claims, Plaintiffs have failed to even allege an action which would constitute an independent
injury. Accordingly, the Court GRANTS summary judgment in Defendants’ favor on Plaintiffs’
common-law and statutory claims of bad faith.67
ii. Prompt Payment of Claims
Similarly, Plaintiffs brought a claim under Chapter 542 of the Texas Insurance Code
against State Farm for its alleged failure to timely pay Plaintiffs’ claims. In Texas, courts have
constantly held that “full and timely payment of an appraisal award under the policy precludes an
award of penalties under the Insurance Code’s prompt payment provisions as a matter of law.” 68
Here, it is undisputed that State Farm tendered payment pursuant to the appraisal clause, merely
five business days after the award was issued.69
Additionally, as noted earlier, the record reflects that State Farm promptly responded to,
and paid Plaintiffs’ initial claim. When Plaintiffs requested a re-inspection of the property, State
See Dkt. No. 1, Exh. B at pp. 13-23.
The Court notes that Plaintiffs have cited to the Court’s holding in Cavazos v. State Farm Lloyds, 2015 U.S. Dist.
LEXIS 163287, (S.D. Tex. Dec. 4, 2015), as a basis for denying the Defendants’ motion for summary judgment. In
Cavazos, this Court denied the defendants’ motion for summary judgment on the plaintiffs’ breach of contract claim
because it found plaintiffs’ evidence had created a genuine issue of material fact. Furthermore, the Court pointed out
in Cavazos that denial of the defendants’ motion for summary judgment on the plaintiffs’ extra-contractual claims
was proper because it found a fact issue on the breach of contract claim. However, in the instant case, Plaintiffs have
failed to create a genuine issue of material fact on their breach of contract claim. Additionally, in Cavazos, the
defendant insurance company closed the plaintiffs’ claim file despite the plaintiffs’ protestation that they were not
satisfied and would seek an attorney. Here, a review of the record indicates that the first time State Farm became
aware Plaintiffs were not satisfied was when Plaintiffs filed suit, nearly two years after Plaintiffs received payment
for their claim. Thus, the facts in Cavazos and the instant case are distinguishable.
In re Slavonic Mut. Fire Ins. Ass'n, 308 S.W.3d 556, 563 (Tex. App.—Houston [14th Dist.] 2010, no pet. h.)
(collecting cases), overruled on other grounds, In re Cypress Texas Lloyds, No. 14-11-00713-CV, 2011 WL
4366984, at *1 (Tex. App.—Houston [14th Dist.] Sept. 20, 2011, no pet. h.) (mem. op.).
See Response at ¶ 5.
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Farm once again timely responded and paid the supplemental damages claim. Moreover, State
Farm received no notice of Plaintiffs’ displeasure with Defendants’ management of the claim
until the lawsuit was filed. Thus, because Plaintiffs have failed to allege an action which would
constitute a violation independent of the now-resolved payment dispute, the Court GRANTS
summary judgment in State Farms’ favor on this claim as well.
iii. Fraud & Conspiracy
Lastly, Defendants pray that the Court dismiss all the remaining claims as a matter of
law, as they are derivative of Plaintiffs’ defunct breach of contract claim. 70 To the extent these
allegations even properly state a claim, Defendants have sufficiently showed the absence of a
genuine issue of material fact by proffering evidence of proper completion of the appraisal
process and tendering of payment. In contrast, Plaintiffs have failed to offer evidence to the
contrary. As a result, the Court GRANTS summary judgment in favor of Defendants as to
Plaintiffs’ fraud and conspiracy claims.
Due to State Farms’ compliance with the appraisal provision, Plaintiffs are estopped from
asserting a breach of contract claim as a matter of law. Plaintiffs’ extra-contractual claims for
breach of the duty of good faith and fair dealing, as well as statutory violations of the Texas
Insurance Code, do not survive absent the breach of contract claim. Similarly, Plaintiffs’ fraud
and conspiracy claims are fatally unsupported.
The Court notes that this case, like many storm related insurance breach of contract cases
filed by the Mostyn Law firm, is factually unsupported. In particular, it appears that between
August 2012 and April 2014, no factual issues developed that support the claims which made the
basis of the action. The Court has previously reminded counsel of their obligations pursuant to
Motion for Summary Judgment at ¶ 13.
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Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure that by presenting a pleading they certify that the
factual contentions have evidentiary support. The Mostyn Law Firm appears to be wholly
disregarding this obligation. The Court therefore sets John Steven Mostyn and the Mostyn Law
Firm for a hearing on May 6, 2016 at 9 a.m. pursuant to Rule 11 to show cause why the Court
should not impose Rule 11 sanctions.
For the reasons stated herein, the Court finds summary judgment as to all claims is
warranted. Accordingly, the Court DENIES Plaintiffs’ motion for continuance, and GRANTS
the motion for summary judgment. Plaintiffs’ claims are hereby DISMISSED WITH
PREJUDICE. A final judgment will issue separately.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DONE at McAllen, Texas, this 13th day of April, 2016.
United States District Judge
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