Perez v. Thaler
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, filed by Joseph Jacob Perez. It is recommended that Petitioners application for writ of habeas corpus be dismissed as time-barred. Signed by Judge Andrew W. Austin. (jk, )
Perez v. Thaler
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS AUSTIN DIVISION JOSEPH JACOB PEREZ, Petitioner, V. RICK THALER, Director, Texas Dept. of Criminal JusticeCorrectional Institutions Division, Respondent. § § § § § § § § § §
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE TO: THE HONORABLE SAM SPARKS UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE The Magistrate Judge submits this Report and Recommendation to the District Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b) and Rule 1(e) of Appendix C of the Local Court Rules of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Local Rules for the Assignment of Duties to United States Magistrates, as amended, effective December 1, 2002. Before the Court is Petitioner's Application for Habeas Corpus Relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 (Document 1). Petitioner, proceeding pro se, has paid the appropriate filing fee. For the reasons set forth below, the undersigned finds that Petitioner's application for writ of habeas corpus should be dismissed. I. STATEMENT OF THE CASE A. Petitioner's Criminal History According to Petitioner, the Director has custody of Petitioner pursuant to a judgment and sentence of the 33rd Judicial District Court of San Saba County, Texas. Petitioner asserts he pleaded
guilty to manufacture of a controlled substance and received four years deferred adjudication on August 23, 2003. Petitioner's deferred adjudication was revoked on November 22, 2006, and Petitioner was sentenced to 30 years in prison. Petitioner indicates he did not appeal his conviction. He did, however, challenge his conviction in a state application for habeas corpus relief. Petitioner asserts he mailed the application to the state court on June 8, 2008, but the clerk did not file the application until August 6, 2008. The Court of Criminal Appeals denied the application on January 26, 2011. Ex parte Perez, Appl. No. 71,701-02. B. Petitioner's Grounds for Relief Petitioner raises the following grounds for relief: 1. His conviction was obtained by a plea of guilty which was unlawfully induced or made involuntarily; His conviction was obtained by using evidence obtained pursuant to an unlawful arrest; He was denied effective assistance of counsel; There is insufficient evidence to support his conviction; His guilty plea was given under duress, he was coerced, his plea was involuntary, there is a mistake of facts, there is a mistake of law, he was threatened and he received ineffective assistance of counsel; His sentence was outside the sentencing guidelines; and The indictment was defective. II. DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS A. Statute of Limitations The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA") establishes a oneyear statute of limitations for state inmates seeking federal habeas corpus relief. See 28 U.S.C. 2
3. 4. 5.
§ 2244(d). That section provides, in relevant part: (d)(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of-(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review; (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action; (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. (2) The time during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of limitation under this subsection. B. Application Petitioner's deferred-adjudication order became final on or about September 22, 2003. See TEX . R. APP . P. 26.2(a); United States v. Vasquez, 298 F.3d 354, 359 (5th Cir. 2002) (finding a deferred adjudication probation and revocation of that probation becomes final for federal sentencing enhancement purposes when time for filing notice of appeal passes or if appealed, when appeal is affirmed and no further review is possible). Petitioner's conviction and sentence became final, at the latest, on December 22, 2006, at the conclusion of time during which he could have appealed his conviction. See TEX . R. APP. P. 26.2(a). Petitioner did not execute his federal application until February 1, 2011, more than seven years after his deferred-adjudication order became final and more than four years after his conviction and sentence became final. See Tharpe v. Thaler, 628 F.3d 719 3
(5th Cir. 2010) (holding a deferred-adjudication order and a judgment of conviction and sentence are two separate and distinct judgments). Even if the Court considered Petitioner's state application filed as of the date the state court received it, Petitioner's state application would not operate to toll the limitations period, because the state court allegedly received the application on June 8, 2008, after the limitations period had already expired. Scott v. Johnson, 227 F.3d 260, 263 (5th Cir. 2000). The record does not reflect that any unconstitutional state action impeded Petitioner from filing for federal habeas corpus relief prior to the end of the limitations period. Furthermore, Petitioner has not shown that he did not know the factual predicate of his claims earlier. Finally, the claims do not concern a constitutional right recognized by the Supreme Court within the last year and made retroactive to cases on collateral review. III. RECOMMENDATION It is recommended that Petitioner's application for writ of habeas corpus be dismissed as time-barred. IV. CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY An appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from a final order in a habeas corpus proceeding "unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability." 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c) (1)(A). Pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, effective December 1, 2009, the district court must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the applicant. A certificate of appealability may issue only if a petitioner has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Supreme Court fully explained the requirement associated with a "substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right" in 4
Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484, 120 S. Ct. 1595 (2000). In cases where a district court rejected a petitioner's constitutional claims on the merits, "the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court's assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong." Id. "When a district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the petitioner's underlying constitutional claim, a COA should issue when the petitioner shows, at least, that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling." Id. In this case, reasonable jurists could not debate the dismissal of the Petitioner's section 2254 petition on substantive or procedural grounds, nor find that the issues presented are adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed. Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327, 123 S. Ct. 1029 (2003) (citing Slack, 529 U.S. at 484). Accordingly, it is respectfully recommended that the Court shall not issue a certificate of appealability. V. OBJECTIONS The parties may file objections to this Report and Recommendation. A party filing objections must specifically identify those findings or recommendations to which objections are being made. The District Court need not consider frivolous, conclusive, or general objections. Battles v. United States Parole Comm'n, 834 F.2d 419, 421 (5th Cir. 1987). A party's failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations contained in this Report within fourteen (14) days after the party is served with a copy of the Report shall bar that party from de novo review by the district court of the proposed findings and recommendations in the Report and, except upon grounds of plain error, shall bar the party from 5
appellate review of unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted by the district court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150-153, 106 S. Ct. 466, 472-74 (1985); Douglass v. United Servs. Auto. Assoc., 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996)(en banc). To the extent that a party has not been served by the Clerk with this Report and Recommendation electronically, pursuant to the CM/ECF procedures of this District, the Clerk is ORDERED to mail such party a copy of this Report and Recommendation by certified mail, return receipt requested. SIGNED this 24th day of February, 2011.
_____________________________________ ANDREW W. AUSTIN UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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