Balusek et al v. Alethes, LLC et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER; ORDERED that Defendants Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. (MERS) and MERSCORP Holdings, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss # 10 is GRANTED. Signed by Judge Sam Sparks. (td)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
2OI'FEB i2 PM 2:36
Case No. A-13-CA-948-SS
ALETHES, LLC; MORTGAGE ELECTRONIC
RfGISTRATION SYSTEMS, INC.; MERSCORP
HOLDINGS, INC.; DONNA FITTON; and
BE IT REMEMBERED on this day the Court reviewed the file in the above-styled cause, and
specifically Defendants Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. (MERS) and MERSCORP
Holdings, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss [#10], to which Plaintiffs Edward and Jennifer Balusek have not
responded. Having reviewed the documents, the governing law, and the file as a whole, the Court
now enters the following opinion and orders.
In 2007, the Baluseks purchased the real property located at 201 Caliber Cove, Bastrop,
Texas 78802. The purchase was financed by a Note and secured by a Deed of Trust in favor of the
original lender, Alethes LLC. The Deed of Trust also named MERS as beneficiary and nominee for
the lender and its successors and assigns. The Bastrop County real property records contain two
assignments of the Deed of Trust: first, from MERS to former party GMAC Mortgage LLC on
October 27, 2009; and second, from GMAC to non-party Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC on March 18,
2013. The Baluseks eventually defaulted on their mortgage, and an unidentified party scheduled a
foreclosure sale for August 6, 2013.
The Baluseks filed this lawsuit in Texas state court the day before the foreclosure sale was
scheduled to occur. MERS and MERSCORP removed the case to this Court on the basis of diversity
jurisdiction on October 25, 2013. Following removal, the MERS entities moved to dismiss. The
Baluseks responded with their First Amended Complaint, which is substantially similar to their
original state court petition. The Baluseks' live pleading alleges the following causes of action: (1)
"void foreclosure," (2) violations of the Texas Debt Collection Act (TDCA), (3)quiet title, and (4)
violations ofTexas's fraudulent presentment statute. The MERS entities have now moved to dismiss
a second time.
Motion to DismissRule 12(b)(6)Legal Standard
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(a)(2) requires a complaint to contain "a short and plain
statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief."
R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). A
motion under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 1 2(b)(6) asks a court to dismiss a complaint for
"failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." FED. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). The plaintiff
must plead sufficient facts to state a claim for relief that is facially plausible. Ashcroft v.
U.s. 662, 678 (2009);
550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). "A claim has facial
plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable
inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Iqbal, 566 U.S. at 678. Although
a plaintifrs factual allegations need not establish that the defendant is probably liable, they must
establish more than a "sheer possibility" that a defendant has acted unlawfully. Id. Determining
plausibility is a "context-specific task," and must be performed in light of a court's "judicial
experience and common sense." Id. at 679.
In deciding a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), a court generally accepts as true all
factual allegations contained within the complaint. Leatherman
Tarrant CnIy. Narcotics
Intelligence & Coordination Unit, 507 U.S. 163, 164(1993). However, a court is not bound to accept
legal conclusions couched as factual allegations. Papasan
Allain, 478 U.S. 265, 286 (1986).
Although all reasonable inferences will be resolved in favor of the plaintiff, the plaintiff must plead
"specific facts, not mere conclusory allegations." Tuchman v. DSC Commc 'ns Corp., 14 F .3 d 1061,
1067 (5th Cir. 1994). In deciding a motion to dismiss, courts may consider the complaint, as well
as other sources such as documents incorporated into the complaint by reference, and matters of
which a court may take judicial notice. Tellabs, Inc.
Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd., 551 U.S. 308,
As an initial matter, the Court GRANTS the motion to dismiss as unopposed because the
Baluseks have failed to file a timely response.
Local Rule CV-7(e)(2). In the alternative, the
Court will briefly address the merits of the motion.
The Baluseks' entire suit is premised on the notion the foreclosing
unspecified in the First Amended Complaintlacks authority to foreclose because all assignments
of the Deed of Trust in this case are void. The arguments underlying this premise have been
consistently and repeatedly rejected by the Fifth Circuit and Texas courts. E.g., Martins
Home Loans Servicing, L.P., 722 F.3d 249, 253-55 (5th Cir. 2013) (rejecting "show-me-the-note"
and "split-the-note" theories and recognizing MERS's ability to assign deeds of trust); Reinagel
Deutsche Bank Nat'! Trust Co., 735 F.3d 220, 228 (5th Cir. 2013) (following Martins, and further
holding "facially valid assignments cannot be challenged for want of authority except by the
defrauded assignor"); Farkas
GMAC Mortg., L.L.C., 737 F.3d 338, 342 (5th Cir. 2013) ("Our
holding in Martins permits MERS and its assigns to bring foreclosure actions under the Texas
Property Code."); Bierwirth
3793190, at *3_5 (Tex.
BAC Home Loans Servicing, LP, No. 03-11-644-CV, 2012 WL
App.Austin Aug. 30, 2012, no pet.) (rejecting "show-me-the-note" and
"split-the-note" theories and holding MERS, as beneficiary and nominee named in deed of trust, had
authority to assign deed of trust). The Baluseks' pleadings flounder against these authorities, but
offer no hope for stating viable claims.
Turning specifically to the Baluseks' causes of action, the Court first notes the oddity
immediately apparent upon consideration of the "void foreclosure" claim. The Baluseks' pleadings
never identify the party attempting to foreclose. The real property records, however, reveal the
Notice of Substitute Trustee Sale identified Ocwen as both mortgagee and mortgage servicer.
Although Ocwen scheduled the foreclosure sale, Ocwen is not a party to this lawsuit. Because there
is no allegation any Defendant named in this suit is attempting to foreclose, the Baluseks have failed
to state a plausible claim for "void foreclosure" against any Defendant. Alternatively, the Baluseks'
claim fails because (1) MERS had authority to assign the Deed of Trust as beneficiary and nominee
for Alethes, and (2) the Baluseks may not challenge either assignment, as any ground raised by their
allegations would render the assignments merely voidable, not void.
The Baluseks' TDCA claims fare no better, as the Baluseks have failed to plead any
actionable conduct. The TDCA does not prohibit a debt collector from "exercising or threatening to
exercise a statutory or contractual right of seizure, repossession, or sale that does not require court
proceedings." TEX. FIN. CODE §
The Baluseks' allegations reveal nothing more than
an attempt by the current mortgagee, Ocwen, to enforce its contractual and legal remedy of
nonj udicial foreclosure in the face of a default. Additionally, the only allegations ofwrongful activity
relate to making the assignments and filing various pre-foreclosure documents, none of which are
wrongful because Texas law and the Deed of Trust authorized the assignments and subsequent
Third, the Baluseks cannot state a viable claim for quiet title based on the allegation "the
chain of title to the Property is clouded due to the lack of a proper assignment of the Note." Am.
Because Texas law does not require a foreclosing party to hold the note, the failure
to assign the note neither evidences a defect in the chain of title nor shows the defaulting homeowner
has superior title to the successor-in-interest of the Deed of Trust creating a lien on the property. See
US. Nat'l Bank Ass'n
App.Houston [1st Dist.] Dec.
No. O1-10-837-CV, 2011
no pet.) (quiet title claim requires showing defendant's
claim to title "is invalid or unenforceable").
Finally, the Baluseks have failed to plead a viable cause of action for violations of Texas's
fraudulent presentment statute. The statute makes a person liable for knowingly making, using, or
presenting fraudulent liens or claims against real property with intent to harm another person. TEX.
Civ. PRAC. & REM. CODE §
Even assuming assignments or other pre-foreclosure documents
fall within the scope of the statute, the Baluseks have not pleaded any facts from which the Court
can infer any fraudulent documents were knowingly created, used, or filed in this case.
The Baluseks have failed to state any claim for which relief can be granted, and have failed
to show themselves entitled to any relief in law or equity. While only the MERS entities have moved
to dismiss, no other defendant has been served, and all of the Baluseks' claims suffer from the same
legal infirmities regardless of the particular Defendant. Additionally, because the Baluseks are
apparently uninterested in prosecuting this case in federal court, no leave to amend will be granted.
IT IS ORDERED that Defendants Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc.
(MERS) and MERSCORP Holdings, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss [#10] is GRANTED;
IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that all claims brought by Plaintiffs Edward and Jennifer
Balusek in the above-styled cause are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
SIGNED this the
/2day of February 2014.
SAM SPARKS C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
948 mtd ord kkt.frm
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