McCoy v. Wells
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 7 Motion to Transfer Case filed by Roland G. Wells. Signed by Judge Andrew W. Austin. (jk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
ROLAND G. WELLS
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
THE HONORABLE LEE YEAKEL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Before the Court are: Defendant’s Opposed Motion to Transfer Venue (Dkt. No. 7),
Plaintiff’s Response to Defendant’s Motion to Transfer Venue (Dkt. No. 8), Defendant’s Partial
Motion to Dismiss (Dkt. No. 9), and Plaintiff’s Response to Defendant’s Partial Motion to Dismiss,
(Dkt. No. 10). The District Court referred the above-motions to the undersigned Magistrate Judge
for a report and recommendation pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b) and Rule 1(c) of Appendix C of the
Local Rules of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Local Rules for
the Assignment of Duties to United States Magistrate Judges.
I. GENERAL BACKGROUND
Plaintiff Veronica McCoy (“McCoy”), a resident of McLennan County, Texas, worked as
a corrections officer for the Texas Juvenile Justice Department (“TJJD”) and was assigned to the
McLennan County State Juvenile Correctional Facility (“MCSJCF”) in Mart, Texas. After two
juveniles escaped from the facility, the MCSJCF Assistant Superintendent accused McCoy of
assisting the juveniles in their escape. On July 20, 2014, Defendant Ronald G. Wells (“Wells”), an
employee of the TJJD’s Office of Inspector General (“OIG”) at the time of the incident, arrested
McCoy and charged her with facilitating an escape of a person in custody, in violation of Section
38.07 of the Texas Penal Code. McCoy spent 32 hours at the McLennan County Jail before she
posted bond. On September 17, 2014, the grand jury returned a “no bill” on the charge of
On July 17, 2014, McCoy filed the instant lawsuit against Wells under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
alleging that Wells violated her rights under the Fourth Amendment of the United States
Constitution “by arresting her without probable cause, and then by securing an arrest warrant by
including false information and omitting exculpatory information.” Complaint at ¶35. McCoy is
suing Wells in his individual and his official capacities as an employee of the TJJD. Wells has now
filed a Motion to Transfer Venue under 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) and a Partial Motion to Dismiss. The
Court will address the Motion to Transfer Venue first.
Wells moves to transfer venue to the Waco Division of the Western District of Texas,
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a), contending that all of the events or omissions giving rise to this
lawsuit occurred in McLennan County, Texas, which is part of the Waco Division of this Court.
Standard of Review
“For the convenience of the parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district court
may transfer any civil action to any other district or division where it might have been brought.” 28
U.S.C. § 1404(a). Section 1404(a) “is intended to place discretion in the district court to adjudicate
motions for transfer according to an ‘individualized, case-by-case consideration of convenience and
fairness.’” Stewart Org., Inc. v. Ricoh Corp., 487 U.S. 22, 29 (1988) (quoting Van Dusen v. Barrack,
376 U.S. 612, 622 (1964)). “There can be no question but that the district courts have broad
discretion in deciding whether to order a transfer” under § 1404(a). In re Volkswagen of Am., Inc.
(“Volkswagen II”), 545 F.3d 304, 313–15 (5th Cir. 2008) (internal quotation marks omitted), cert.
denied, 555 U.S. 1172 (2009).
As a preliminary matter, the “§ 1404(a) factors apply as much to transfers between divisions
of the same district as to transfers from one district to another.” In re Radmax, Limited, 720 F.3d
285, 288 (5th Cir. 2013). The starting point on a motion for transfer of venue is determining whether
the suit could have originally been filed in the destination venue. Id. at 312. If it could have, the
focus shifts to whether the party requesting the transfer has demonstrated the “convenience of parties
and witnesses” requires transfer of the action, considering various private and public interests. See
Gulf Oil Corp. v. Gilbert, 330 U.S. 501, 508 (1974). The private interest factors are: “(1) the
relative ease of access to sources of proof; (2) the availability of compulsory process to secure the
attendance of witnesses; (3) the cost of attendance for willing witnesses; and (4) all other practical
problems that make trial of a case easy, expeditious and inexpensive.” In re Volkswagen AG
(“Volkswagen I”), 371 F.3d 201, 203 (5th Cir. 2004) (citing Piper Aircraft Co. v. Reyno, 454 U.S.
235, 241 n. 6 (1981)). The public interest factors are: “(1) the administrative difficulties flowing
from court congestion; (2) the local interest in having localized interests decided at home; (3) the
familiarity of the forum with the law that will govern the case; and (4) the avoidance of unnecessary
problems of conflict of laws [or in] the application of foreign law.” Id. Although the Gilbert factors
are “appropriate for most transfer cases, they are not necessarily exhaustive or exclusive.” In fact,
the Fifth Circuit has noted “none . . . can be said to be of dispositive weight.” Volkswagen II, 545
F.3d at 313–15 (internal quotations omitted). Despite the wide array of private and public concerns,
a court must engage in a “flexible and individualized analysis” in ruling on a motion to transfer
venue. Stewart, 487 U.S. at 29.
Though the above is similar to the standard in the forum non conveniens context, § 1404(a)
requires a lesser showing of inconvenience. Volkswagen II, 545 F.3d at 314. As such, the movant
need not show the Gilbert factors substantially outweigh the plaintiff's choice of venue—it is enough
to show the new venue is clearly more convenient than the original one. Nonetheless, as the
Supreme Court has cautioned, while the movant's burden is lessened, the plaintiff's choice of venue
is still to be considered. Norwood v. Kirkpatrick, 349 U.S. 29, 32 (1955). Accordingly, the Fifth
Circuit’s rule is that while the plaintiff’s choice of venue is not a factor under Gilbert, it places a
“significant” burden of proof upon the movant to “show good cause for the transfer.” Volkswagen
II, 545 F.3d at 314 n. 10. “Thus, when the transferee venue is not clearly more convenient than the
venue chosen by the plaintiff, the plaintiff's choice should be respected.” Id. at 315. “However,
when a plaintiff is not a resident of the chosen forum, or the operative facts underlying the case did
not occur in the chosen forum, the court will not give as much deference to a plaintiff's choice.”
Apparel Prod. Servs. Inc. v. Transportes De Carga Fema, S.A., 546 F. Supp.2d 451, 453 (S.D. Tex.
2008). In addition, “‘the traditional deference given to plaintiff’s choice of forum . . . is less’ for
‘intra-district transfers.’” In re Radmax, 720 F.3d at 289 (quoting 17 J. Moore, et al., MOORE’S FED.
PRAC. § 111.22, at 111-155 (3d. ed. 2013)).
There is no dispute that this case “might have been brought” in the Waco Division of the
Western District of Texas. The Court will therefore focus on the Gilbert factors to determine
whether the case should be transferred to the Waco Division.
The first private interest factor is the relative ease of access to sources of proof. Volkswagen
II, 545 F.3d at 315. All of the events or omissions giving rise to this lawsuit occurred in McLennan
County, in the Waco Division. McCoy alleges that she was arrested without probable cause and that
her arrest warrant included false information. The warrant for McCoy’s arrest was issued in
McLennan County. Wells’ affidavit supporting the arrest warrant was written in McLennan County.
McCoy was working at the juvenile facility in McLennan County when she was arrested. McCoy
was jailed in McLennan County. It appears that all relevant employment records and incident
reports are located in McLennan County. Although McCoy emphasizes that the headquarters of
Wells’ former employer, the TJJD, is located in Travis County, she fails to identify any specific
documents that are located in Travis County that are material to her lawsuit. Based upon the
foregoing, this factor weighs in favor of transfer.
The second and the third factors, the availability of compulsory process and cost of
transportation for witnesses also weigh in favor of transfer. Plaintiff herself lives in McLennan
County. While Wells does not live in McLennan County (he currently resides in Harris County),
he does not live in Travis County either. Wells has identified several other witnesses who also
reside in McLennan County. While there are a number of witnesses who no longer reside in
McLennan County, none of them reside in Travis County, and all will have to travel regardless of
where venue is set. McCoy has failed to identify any specific witnesses who reside in Travis
County. Accordingly, these factors also weigh in favor of transfer.
Finally, the Court is to examine “all other practical problems that make trial of a case easy,
expeditious and inexpensive.” Volkswagen I, 371 F.3d at 203. McCoy is a resident of McLennan
County and thus resides within the Waco Division. The conduct at issue in this case occurred in
McLennan County. On the other hand, there does not appear to be anything about trying the case
in Travis County that would make it easy, expeditious or inexpensive. This factor thus also supports
transfer. In sum, consideration of the private interest factors suggests that it would be more
convenient for the parties and witnesses to place venue in the Waco Division.
The public interest factors also counsel in favor or transfer. The Austin Division is one of
the busiest divisions in the Western District of Texas, which itself is one of the busiest districts in
the country. As Wells points out, 1,543 cases were filed in the Austin Division in 2013, compared
to 614 cases filed in the Waco Division. (Austin has two active district judges and Waco has one.)
These docket figures suggest that it would not be a prudent use of judicial resources for this Court
to resolve a dispute that has no real connection with this forum. In addition, the local interest factor
clearly favors transfer. Given that all of the events and omissions giving rise to this lawsuit occurred
in the Waco Division, the citizens in the Waco Division have a direct interest in the civil rights
allegations made against Wells. The last two public factors are not at issue in this case and thus are
neutral. After weighing all of the public factors, the Court finds they weigh in favor of a transfer
of venue to the Waco Division.
The Court concludes that the Waco Division of the Western District of Texas is clearly a
more convenient venue for this case than Austin.1
Based upon the foregoing, the undersigned RECOMMENDS that the District Court
GRANT Defendant’s Motion to Transfer Venue (Dkt. No. 7), and TRANSFER this cause of action
to the Waco Division of the Western District of Texas.
The parties may file objections to this Report and Recommendation. A party filing
objections must specifically identify those findings or recommendations to which objections are
Because the Court recommends that the case be transferred to Waco, it does not reach
Defendant’s Partial Motion to Dismiss (Dkt. No. 9).
being made. The District Court need not consider frivolous, conclusive, or general objections. See
Battle v. United States Parole Comm’n, 834 F.2d 419, 421 (5th Cir. 1987).
A party’s failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations
contained in this Report within fourteen (14) days after the party is served with a copy of the Report
shall bar that party from de novo review by the District Court of the proposed findings and
recommendations in the Report and, except upon grounds of plain error, shall bar the party from
appellate review of unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted by the
District Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150-53 (1985);
Douglass v. United Servs. Auto. Ass’n, 79 F.3d 1415, 1428-29 (5th Cir. 1996) (en banc).
To the extent that a party has not been served by the Clerk with this Report &
Recommendation electronically pursuant to the CM/ECF procedures of this District, the Clerk is
directed to mail such party a copy of this Report and Recommendation by certified mail, return
SIGNED this 31st day of October, 2014.
ANDREW W. AUSTIN
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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