Garcia v. Professional Contract Services, Inc.
ORDER GRANTING 59 Sealed Motion for Leave to File Documents Under Seal; GRANTING 60 Motion to Quash. Signed by Judge Andrew W. Austin. (dm)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
PROF. CONTRACT SVCS, INC.
Before the Court is the Motion to Quash or Modify Subpoena Issued to Nonparty Jean
Robinson (Dkt. No. 60), the Plaintiff’s response and Robinson’s reply. The motion has been referred
to the undersigned for resolution.
Jean Robinson is the former general counsel of SourceAmerica. Plaintiff Esteban Garcia spoke
with Ms. Robinson while she was SourceAmerica’s general counsel about his complaints and concerns
with PCSI, and she conveyed his allegations to the Ability One Commission. Because of these facts,
Garcia subpoenaed Robinson in January 2017, to give a deposition in this case. The deposition took
place on March 30, 2017.1 At the deposition, Garcia inquired into a settlement agreement that resolved
litigation between Robinson and SourceAmerica, and requested that she produce a copy of that
agreement. She declined to do so. For reasons not set out in this motion, the deposition was not
completed on March 30, and the parties agreed to reconvene to complete the deposition on May 1,
2017.2 On April 20, 2017, Garcia served an amended subpoena on Robinson, which included a
demand that she produce the settlement agreement with SourceAmerica. Robinson, through counsel,
reaffirmed her position that the settlement agreement contained a confidentiality provision preventing
The Court notes that the discovery deadline in this case passed long ago (it was January 31,
2017). Dkt. No. 19. The parties agreed to conduct this deposition beyond the deadline.
A family emergency subsequently interfered with Ms. Robinson’s availability on May 1, and
the deposition has yet to be completed.
her from producing the document, and that it was irrelevant to Garcia’s claims in this case. This led
to Garcia filing an emergency motion for a protective order in the Eastern District of Virginia (the
district from which the subpoena issued), and Robinson filing a motion to quash the subpoena. A
hearing was held on April 28, 2017, and Judge Nachmanoff eventually determined that, as the court
presiding over this case, the Western District of Texas was a preferable venue for the motion to be
decided, and thus denied it. This, in turn has led to Robinson filing her motion to quash in the Austin
Division for the Western District of Texas.3
Though the parties have submitted over 200 pages of paper on this motion, it actually raises
a quite narrow issue—is Robinson’s settlement agreement with SourceAmerica relevant to this case?
The answer is, it is not. As noted, Robinson’s relevance to Garcia’s claim against PCSI is the fact that
she received information from Garcia about his allegations concerning PCSI, and she passed those
allegations on to the Ability One Commission. Robinson’s dispute with SourceAmerica was unrelated
to Garcia’s dispute with PCSI. Garcia does not challenge these facts, but contends nonetheless that
he should be permitted to see the agreement. He argues that the settlement agreement “relates directly
to statements Robinson made that were recorded,” and he is concerned that the settlement agreement
restricts her ability to testify fully about the taped conversations. Further, he contends that Robinson
may fear retaliation by SourceAmerica, and speculates that there could be provisions in the settlement
agreement through which SourceAmerica could punish her if she gives testimony that is critical of
Garcia’s first argument is at best confused. He states that he is concerned that the settlement
agreement may restrict Robinson’s ability to testify about her taped conversations, yet it appears that
he has transcripts of those very conversations and thus was free to question her about them in the
She has also filed an unopposed motion seeking leave to submit under seal the settlement
agreement at issue, for the Court to review in camera. That motion (Dkt. No. 59) is GRANTED.
deposition—indeed, it appears that he did so. Regardless, the Court has reviewed the settlement
agreement, and the only provision in the agreement that has any bearing on the taped conversations
is a provision which required Robinson to provide SourceAmerica with the following signed statement:
My conversations with Mr. Ruben Lopez occurred in the context of my role as monitor
of a Settlement Agreement between SourceAmerica and Bona Fide Conglomerate, Inc.
These statements were recorded without my knowledge and I did not consent to any
distribution of them. Many of the statements were largely based on my own personal
views and were in no way meant to harm SourceAmerica.4
Clearly, nothing in this clause limits Robinson’s ability to testify regarding the taped conversations,
and Garcia’s concerns on this point are not well-founded.
Similarly, his speculation that the agreement might provide SourceAmerica with the tools to
retaliate against Robinson if it is unhappy with her testimony, is also unfounded. While there is a
generic non-disparagement clause in the agreement, it is very much like those the Court has seen
countless times in settlement agreements. It applies only to “disparaging or derogatory public
remarks,” and does not in any way prevent Robinson from giving truthful testimony in a court
proceeding. Nor is there any liquidated damages clause for any breach of the agreement. In short,
Garcia’s concerns have no basis.
Because the settlement agreement has no relevance to the dispute before the Court, and
requiring Robinson to produce it would be unduly burdensome in light of her obligation to keep it
confidential, the Motion to Quash or Modify Subpoena Issued to Nonparty Jean Robinson (Dkt. No.
60) is GRANTED and Plaintiff's April 20, 2017 Amended Subpoena is QUASHED with respect to
The Court quotes this language verbatim. Given that the language is included in a section
of the agreement titled “Public Statement,” and that the gist of the statement is contained on
SourceAmerica’s website (http://www.sourceamerica.org/statement-cnn-story), the Court includes
it here, notwithstanding the confidentiality provisions of the settlement agreement, given its
relevance to this issue, and the fact that the parties to the settlement agreement do not appear to have
intended to keep this specific language confidential.
document request seven, such that information related to the Agreement is not discoverable at any
subsequent deposition of Jean Robinson in this case.
SIGNED this 20th day of June, 2017.
ANDREW W. AUSTIN
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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