Patton v. State of Texas
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus filed by Ronald D. Patton. Recommends denial of certificate of appealability. Signed by Judge Andrew W. Austin. (td)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
RONALD D PATTON
STATE OF TEXAS
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
THE HONORABLE LEE YEAKEL
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
The Magistrate Judge submits this Report and Recommendation to the District Court
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §636(b) and Rule 1(e) of Appendix C of the Local Court Rules of the United
States District Court for the Western District of Texas, Local Rules for the Assignment of Duties to
United States Magistrates, as amended, effective December 1, 2002.
Before the Court is Petitioner’s Application for Habeas Corpus Relief under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254 (Document 1). Petitioner, proceeding pro se, has been granted leave to proceed in forma
pauperis. For the reasons set forth below, the undersigned finds that Petitioner’s application for writ
of habeas corpus should be dismissed.
I. STATEMENT OF THE CASE
Petitioner challenges his conviction for aggravated assault out of the 186th Judicial District
Court in Bexar County, Texas. According to Petitioner, he was sentenced to five years in prison in
1994 for this crime.
Petitioner was not in custody for his expired five-year sentence at the time he filed his
application for habeas corpus relief. Instead, Petitioner was a pretrial detainee in the Travis County
Petitioner subsequently pleaded guilty to assault family violence,
strangulation, a third degree felony, in the 299th Judicial District Court of Travis County, Texas.
He was sentenced to five years’ community supervision and was released from jail.
II. DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
Federal habeas corpus relief is available only for persons who are “in custody in violation of
the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241(c)(3), 2254(a). A
habeas petitioner is not “in custody” under a conviction when the sentence imposed for that
conviction has fully expired at the time the petition is filed. Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, 491
(1989). Under Supreme Court precedent, however, a habeas petitioner satisfies the “in custody”
requirement for purposes of challenging an expired conviction when that challenge may be read as
a challenge to the sentence which was enhanced by the expired conviction. See Lackawanna County
District Attorney v. Coss, 532 U.S. 394, 401 (2001). In Coss, the Court explained once a state
conviction is no longer open to direct or collateral attack in its own right, because the defendant did
not pursue those remedies while they were available or did so unsuccessfully, the conviction is
regarded as presumptively valid, and if it is later used to enhance a criminal sentence, it cannot be
challenged under Section 2254 on the ground that it was unconstitutionally obtained. Coss, 532 U.S.
at 403-04. There is an exception to the rule of conclusive validity for enhancement convictions that
were obtained in violation of the right to counsel as set forth in Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335,
(1963). See Coss, 532 U.S. at 404 (setting out the exception for enhancement convictions obtained
in violation of Gideon).
The Court is without jurisdiction to consider Petitioner’s direct challenge to his conviction
for aggravated assault out of the 186th Judicial District Court in Bexar County, Texas. Petitioner
admits he was represented by counsel in his underlying criminal case. Therefore, he does not meet
the exception outlined in Coss.1
It is recommended that Petitioner’s application for writ of habeas corpus be dismissed
without prejudice for want of jurisdiction.
IV. CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
An appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from a final order in a habeas corpus
proceeding “unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2253(c) (1)(A). Pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, effective
December 1, 2009, the district court must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters
a final order adverse to the applicant.
A certificate of appealability may issue only if a petitioner has made a substantial showing
of the denial of a constitutional right. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Supreme Court fully explained
the requirement associated with a “substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right” in
Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). In cases where a district court rejected a petitioner’s
constitutional claims on the merits, “the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would
find the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” Id. “When a
district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the petitioner’s
underlying constitutional claim, a COA should issue when the petitioner shows, at least, that jurists
of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a
Even if this Court had jurisdiction over Petitioner’s challenge to his Bexar County
conviction, his application for habeas corpus relief is time-barred by approximately 18 years.
constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was
correct in its procedural ruling.” Id.
In this case, reasonable jurists could not debate the dismissal of the Petitioner’s section 2254
petition on substantive or procedural grounds, nor find that the issues presented are adequate to
deserve encouragement to proceed. Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003) (citing Slack,
529 U.S. at 484). Accordingly, it is respectfully recommended that the Court shall not issue a
certificate of appealability.
The parties may file objections to this Report and Recommendation. A party filing
objections must specifically identify those findings or recommendations to which objections are
being made. The District Court need not consider frivolous, conclusive, or general objections.
Battles v. United States Parole Comm’n, 834 F.2d 419, 421 (5th Cir. 1987).
A party’s failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations
contained in this Report within fourteen (14) days after the party is served with a copy of the Report
shall bar that party from de novo review by the district court of the proposed findings and
recommendations in the Report and, except upon grounds of plain error, shall bar the party from
appellate review of unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted by the
district court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150-153 (1985);
Douglass v. United Servs. Auto. Assoc., 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996)(en banc).
To the extent that a party has not been served by the Clerk with this Report and
Recommendation electronically, pursuant to the CM/ECF procedures of this District, the Clerk is
ORDERED to mail such party a copy of this Report and Recommendation by certified mail, return
SIGNED this 2nd day of October, 2015.
ANDREW W. AUSTIN
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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