Hogan v. Livingston
ORDER ACCEPTING AND ADOPTING 12 Report and Recommendations. A Certificate of Appealability is DENIED. Signed by Judge Robert Pitman. (jf)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
ROBERT KEITH HOGAN, III,
LORIE DAVIS, Director, Texas Department
of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions
Before the Court in the above-entitled action is Petitioner’s Application for Habeas Corpus
Relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (Dkt. 1). The case was referred to United States Magistrate Judge
Mark Lane pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), Rule 72 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and Rule
1(d) of Appendix C of the Local Rules of the United States District Court for the Western District
of Texas. Magistrate Judge Lane filed his Report and Recommendation to deny Petitioner’s
application on August 17, 2016. Petitioner received the Report and Recommendation on August 22,
2016. (Dkt. 14).
A party’s failure to file written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations
contained in a Report and Recommendation within fourteen (14) days after the party is served with
a copy of the Report shall bar that party from de novo review by the district court of the proposed
findings and recommendations in the Report and, except upon grounds of plain error, shall bar the
party from appellate review of unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions
The previous named respondent in this action was William Stephens. Effective May 4, 2016, Lorie Davis succeeded
Mr. Stephens as director of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Correctional Institutions Division. Under Rule
25(d)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Ms. Davis was automatically substituted as a party.
accepted by the district court. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150–53
(1985); Douglass v. United Servs. Auto. Assoc., 79 F.3d 1415, 1428–29 (5th Cir. 1996) (en banc).
In the instant case, Petitioner did not file an objection to the Report and Recommendation.
Where, as here, neither party objects to the magistrate judge’s findings, the Court reviews the Report
and Recommendation for clear error. United States v. Wilson, 864 F.2d 1219, 1221 (5th Cir. 1989).
Having done so, the Court hereby finds that the magistrate judge’s conclusion and recommendation
is neither clearly erroneous nor contrary to law.
III. Denial of Certificate of Appealability
An appeal may not be taken to the court of appeals from a final order in a habeas corpus
proceeding “unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2253(c)(1)(A). Pursuant to Rule 11 of the Federal Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases, effective
December 1, 2009, the district court must issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a
final order adverse to the applicant.
A certificate of appealability may issue only if a petitioner has made a substantial showing of
the denial of a constitutional right. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The Supreme Court fully explained the
requirement associated with a “substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right” in Slack v.
McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). It explained that in cases where a district court rejects a
petitioner’s constitutional claim on the merits, “the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable
jurists would find the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” Id.
“When [a] district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the
prisoner’s underlying constitutional claim, a COA should issue . . . if the prisoner shows, at least,
that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of
a constitutional right and that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district court was
correct in its procedural ruling.” Id.
In this case, reasonable jurists could neither debate the denial of Petitioner’s Section 2254
application on substantive or procedural grounds nor find that the issues presented are adequate to
deserve encouragement to proceed. Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 327 (2003) (citing Slack, 529
U.S. at 484). Accordingly, a certificate of appealability shall not be issued.
IT IS ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation of the United States Magistrate
Judge (Dkt. 12) is ACCEPTED AND ADOPTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner Robert Keith Hogan III’s Petition for a
Writ of Habeas Corpus (Dkt. 1) is DISMISSED.
IT IS FINALLY ORDERED that a Certificate of Appealability is DENIED.
SIGNED on January 30, 2017.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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