Parks v. Bexar County Adult Detention Officer
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 2 Complaint filed by Martin Parks, to be dismissed as time-barred and/or barred by the settlement judgment; 6 Motion to Appoint Counsel filed by Martin Parks will be moot. Signed by Judge Nancy Stein Nowak. (mailed on 2/17/2012 by certified mail, or sent via electronic transmittal)(rg)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
SAN ANTONIO DIVISION
MARTIN L. PARKS, #454483,
BEXAR COUNTY ADULT
CIVIL ACTION NO.
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Honorable Fred Biery
Chief United States District Judge
This report and recommendation recommends dismissing this case under 28 U.S.C.
1915(e) as time-barred and as barred by the judgment in another case. Section 1915(e)
directs the district court to dismiss an in forma pauperis case if the court determines the
case fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted. This provision applies to this
case because the plaintiff proceeded in forma pauperis1 and because this case fails to state a
claim upon which relief may be granted.
Plaintiff Martin Parks is an inmate at the Bexar County Detention Center. On
December 19, 2011, Parks initiated this lawsuit complaining about a strip search following
an arrest on a misdemeanor charge. Parks complained that the search occurred against his
Docket entry # 1 (seeking leave to proceed without advance payment of costs).
will. Parks did not identify a legal theory for his claim, but his complaint implicates the
Fourth Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches. A plaintiff may pursue a
claim in federal court for an alleged violation of the Fourth Amendment’s protection
against unreasonable searches under section 1983.2
“The limitations period for a claim brought under section 1983 is determined by the
general statute of limitations governing personal injuries in the forum state.”3 In Texas,
the Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code sets out statutes of limitations. That statute
provides that claims must be brought “not later than two years after the day the cause of
action accrues.”4 Under Texas law, the statute of limitations begins to run when legal
According to the complaint, Parks’s legal injury occurred when the alleged strip
search occurred on September 23, 2006. Two years after September 23, 2006 is September
9, 2008. Parks initiated this lawsuit on December 19, 2011. That date is outside the two-
42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Price v. City of San Antonio, 431 F.3d 890, 892 (5th Cir. 2005).
Tex. Civ. Prac. & Rem. Code Ann. § 16.003(a) (Vernon Supp. 2006).
See FDIC v. Dawson, 4 F.3d 1303, 1311 (5th Cir. 1993) (referring to “the longstanding
Texas rule that the tort statute of limitations begins to run when the tort is committed,
absent a statute to the contrary or fraudulent concealment”); Robinson v. Weaver, 550
S.W.2d 18, 19 (Tex. 1977) (explaining that unless the discovery rules applies, “a cause of
action generally … accrue[s] at the time when facts come into existence which authorize
a claimant to seek a judicial remedy” and stating that in a personal injury case, “this
means when the wrongful act effects an injury, regardless of when the claimant learned
of such injury”).
year limitations period. Because Parks initiated this case after the limitations period
expired, Park’s claim is barred by limitations. A claim that is barred by limitations fails to
state a claim upon which this court may grant relief.
Although Parks’s claim is barred by limitations, I determined through a show cause
order that there is another reason Parks’s claim is barred. Initially, I issued a show cause
order to ascertain any basis for tolling the limitations period.6 Parks responded and
complained about the settlement of a class action lawsuit about strip searches following
misdemeanor arrests.7 News of the settlement appeared to motivate Parks’s lawsuit.
The Chief Judge approved the settlement of the class action lawsuit on January 12,
2011. The settlement judgment identified class members as “pre-trial detainees confined to
the Bexar County Adult Detention Center between November 15, 2005 and April 9, 2009
who were subjected to strip search before being sent to jail housing after being booked on
misdemeanor or other minor charges.”8 This class applies to Parks because he alleges he
was booked at the Bexar County Adult Detention Center on September 23, 2006 “under a
misdemeanor charge of poss[ession] of marijuana” and illegally strip searched.
Before the settlement was approved, notice was sent to all known and potential
class members. Class members had until March 16, 2011 to submit a claim. Any class
member who wished to be excluded from the settlement could opt-out and pursue his
Docket entry # 4.
Docket entry # 5.
Cause No. SA-07-CV-928-FB, Jackson v. The County of Bexar, docket entry # 128, ¶ 20.
own lawsuit. The judgment approving the settlement specifically provided that all
settlement class members “who have not timely filed an opt-out request are deemed to
have waived any rights or benefits under the Settlement Agreement and are barred and
enjoined from commencing any claim or actions, individually or as a class action, that is
based upon or related to the strip search, booking process and related incidents that are
subject of the Settlement Agreement.” Under this judgment, if he failed to opt-out, Parks
waived his claim and is now enjoined from filing his own lawsuit. If he did opt-out, his
claim is barred by limitations. In either case, Parks failed to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted.
Recommendation. I recommend dismissing this case as time-barred and/or barred
by the settlement judgment. If the court accepts this recommendation, Parks’s motion for
appointment of counsel (docket entry # 6) will be moot.
Instructions for Service and Notice of Right to Object/Appeal. The United States
District Clerk shall serve a copy of this report and recommendation on all parties by either
(1) electronic transmittal to all parties represented by attorneys registered as a “filing user”
with the clerk of court, or (2) by mailing a copy to those not registered by certified mail,
return receipt requested. Written objections to this report and recommendation must be
filed within 14 days after being served with a copy of same, unless this time period is
modified by the district court.9 Such party shall file the objections with the clerk of the
28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b).
court, and serve the objections on all other parties. A party filing objections must
specifically identify those findings, conclusions or recommendations to which objections
are being made and the basis for such objections; the district court need not consider
frivolous, conclusive or general objections. A party’s failure to file written objections to
the proposed findings, conclusions and recommendations contained in this report shall bar
the party from a de novo determination by the district court.10 Additionally, failure to file
timely written objections to the proposed findings, conclusions and recommendations
contained in this report and recommendation shall bar the aggrieved party, except upon
grounds of plain error, from attacking on appeal the unobjected-to proposed factual
findings and legal conclusions accepted by the district court.
SIGNED on February 17, 2012.
NANCY STEIN NOWAK
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149-52 (1985); Acuña v. Brown & Root, 200 F.3d 335, 340
(5th Cir. 2000).
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