Stark v. K Clark Property Management LTD et al
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE as to Kevin Edward Clark, K Clark Property Management LTD, Kevin Clark Realty & Associates LLC, Carlos Genaro Montejano. Show Cause Response due by 7/31/2015,. Signed by Judge Xavier Rodriguez. (rf)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
SAN ANTONIO DIVISION
K. CLARK PROPERTY MANAGEMENT
LTD., ET AL.
Civil Action No. SA-15-CV-531-XR
On this day, the Court considered its jurisdiction over this case. This Court has a duty
to examine its subject matter jurisdiction, and must do so sua sponte when necessary. Howery
v. Allstate Ins. Co., 243 F.3d 912, 919 (5th Cir. 2001). After careful consideration, Defendants
are ORDERED to show cause in writing that this Court has subject-matter jurisdiction in this
On May 15, 2015, Plaintiff Deborah Stark filed an Original Petition in the 45th Judicial
District Court in Bexar County, Texas. Docket no. 1-1. Defendants K. Clark Property
Management Ltd., Kevin Clark Realty & Associates, L.L.C., Kevin Edward Clark d/b/a/ KC
Renovations, Inc., and Carlos Montejano, removed the case to this Court on June 27, 2015 on
the basis of federal question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331.
This Court has jurisdiction over federal question cases where the cause of action is
created by federal law. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals Inc. v. Thompson, 478 U.S. 804 (1986).
In addition, there is subject matter jurisdiction when a state law cause of action raises a
“contested and substantial federal question.” Grable & Sons Metal Products, Inc. v. Darue
Engineering & Mfg. 545 U.S. 308 (2005).
Defendants assert this Court has federal question jurisdiction because Stark recently
went through a bankruptcy in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the Central District of
California and her claims in this case should have been discharged there. Docket no. 1 at ¶ 3.
Stark’s bankruptcy was discharged on November 10, 2014 pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 727.
Docket no. 5 at ¶ 6. Defendants argue “11 U.S.C. § 541 of the Bankruptcy Code provides
virtually all of a debtor’s assets, including causes of action belonging to the debtor at the
commencement of the bankruptcy case, vest in the bankruptcy estate upon the filing of a
bankruptcy petition.” Id. Defendants also argue “a trustee, as the representative of the
bankruptcy estate, is the real party in interest, and is the only party with standing to prosecute
causes of action belonging to the state once the bankruptcy petition has been filed,” citing 11
U.S.C. §§ 323 and 541(a)(1). Id.
But nowhere on the face of Stark’s complaint does she appear to raise a federal
question. Her causes of action are all based on Texas law: fraud, Texas Deceptive Trade
Practices, negligent hiring, breach of contract, etc. The complaint’s “Facts” section does at
one point mention, “when the ordeal had taken all the Plaintiff Deborah Stark had she filed for
Chapter 7 bankruptcy on July 9, 2014 . . . in the Central District of California. Included in this
cause was the claim of K Clark Property Management, Ltd., for the invoices demanded and
claimed to have been satisfied by [it] in the name of K C Renovations, Inc.” Docket no. 1-2 at
Defendants seem to base their removal to federal court on a defense that Stark’s claims
against them should have been discharged in Stark’s bankruptcy and that she hid them from
the bankruptcy trustee. Generally, though, defenses cannot provide the federal question that is
the basis for removal to federal court; the federal question must appear on the face of the wellpleaded complaint. Caterpillar Inc. v. Williams, 482 U.S. 386, 392 (1987) (“The presence or
absence of federal-question jurisdiction is governed by the ‘well-pleaded complaint rule,’
which provides that federal jurisdiction exists only when a federal question is presented on the
face of the plaintiff’s properly pleaded complaint.”).
Defendants are therefore ORDERED to show cause how this Court has subject matter
jurisdiction over this case and why it should not be remanded to state court by July 31, 2015.
Stark is invited to brief the Court on this issue as well.
It is so ORDERED.
SIGNED this 24th day of July, 2015.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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