The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company v. Allen et al
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS. The 36 Report and Recommendations is APPROVED AND ACCEPTED as modified. Defendant Teresa Allens Motion to Vacate Entry of Default (Dkt. 32) is DENIED. Signed by Judge Robert Pitman. (tb)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS
THE LINCOLN NATIONAL LIFE
TERESA ALLEN, ISSAC ALLEN,
ERIN ALLEN, ANDREW ALLEN,
D.A., a minor, J.E.A., a minor,
J.A.A., a minor, S.A., a minor
and M.A., a minor,
Before the court is the above-styled case, in which Plaintiff brings an interpleader action
against Defendants to determine the proper beneficiary of certain life insurance benefits payable as a
result of the death of Darrell Lamond Allen. The case was referred to United States Magistrate Judge
Jeffrey C. Manske pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), Rule 72 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,
and Appendix C of the Local Rules of the United States District Court for the Western District of
Texas. Defendant Teresa Allen is proceeding pro se; all other parties are represented by counsel.
Teresa Allen (hereinafter “Ms. Allen”) was served on August 11, 2016. (Dkt. 25). Plaintiff
moved for entry of default against Ms. Allen on September 15, 2016, after she failed to answer or
otherwise respond, (Dkt. 27), and the clerk of court entered Ms. Allen’s default on October 19,
2016, (Dkt. 30). Ms. Allen then appeared via a one-page “answer” on October 24, 2016. (Dkt. 32).
Judge Manske construed this “answer” as a motion to vacate the entry of default judgment. This
court thereafter entered a show cause order, directing any party in opposition to the vacating of the
entry of default submit related briefing by November 9, 2016. (Dkt. 33). All defendants other than
Ms. Allen responded on November 9, 2016, arguing that the default judgment should not be
vacated. (Dkt. 34). Ms. Allen eventually responded via letter, dated December 23, 2017, and filed
December 27, 2016. (Dkt. 35). Judge Manske construed Ms. Allen’s letter as a memorandum in
support of her motion to vacate. Judge Manske then filed a Report and Recommendation on
January 9, 2017, recommending that Ms. Allen’s motion to vacate the entry of default be denied. (See
Dkt. 36). 1
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Rule 72(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a
party may serve and file specific, written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations
of the Magistrate Judge within fourteen days after being served with a copy of the Report and
Recommendation, and thereby secure a de novo review by the district court. A party’s failure to
timely file written objections to the proposed findings, conclusions, and recommendation in a
Report and Recommendation bars that party, except upon grounds of plain error, from attacking on
appeal the unobjected-to proposed factual findings and legal conclusions accepted by the district
court. See Douglass v. United Services Auto Ass’n, 79 F.3d 1415 (5th Cir. 1996) (en banc). Ms. Allen was
properly notified of the consequences of a failure to file objections. To date, Ms. Allen has not filed
objections to the findings of fact and conclusions of law in the Report and Recommendation.
Accordingly, having reviewed the entire record and finding no plain error, the court accepts and
adopts the Report and Recommendation for substantially the reasons stated therein. Upon entry of
The court clarifies a minor point of potential confusion. In this action, the clerk of court has entered Ms. Allen’s
default, but default judgment has been neither moved for nor entered. Mistakenly, however, the Report and
Recommendation occasionally refers to the entry of default as an entry of default judgment, and the Magistrate Judge
construed Ms. Allen’s motion as one to set aside a default judgment. The same error appears in the show cause order
and in the parties’ briefing. Any such error in terminology is immaterial to the resolution of the issue at hand because
“[the court] examine[s] the same factors” in determining whether to set aside either an entry of default or a default
judgment. See CJC Holdings, Inc. v. Wright & Lato, Inc., 979 F.2d 60, 64 (5th Cir. 1992); see also Effjohn Int’l Cruise Holdings,
Inc. v. A&L Sales, Inc., 346 F.3d 552, 563 (5th Cir. 2003) (“Our court has left open the question whether the standard for
relief from entries of default . . . is more lenient than that for a default judgment . . . however, we generally examine the
same factors.” (citing CJC Holdings, Inc., 979 F.2d at 63 n.1)). The court therefore views Ms. Allen’s motion as one to
vacate the entry of her default, and the Report and Recommendation as recommending that her motion not be granted.
this order, Plaintiff may move for the entry of default judgment. See supra at note 1; Fed. R. Civ. P.
Accordingly, the Court ORDERS that the Report and Recommendation of the United
States Magistrate Judge (Dkt. 36) is APPROVED AND ACCEPTED as modified. See supra at note
1. Defendant Teresa Allen’s Motion to Vacate Entry of Default (Dkt. 32) is DENIED.
SIGNED on March 1, 2017.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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