USA v. Felt et al
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER OF SALE-granting 26 Motion for Summary Judgment ; Motions terminated: 26 MOTION for Summary Judgment filed by USA. See Memorandum Decision for details. Signed by Judge David Sam on 5/12/11. (jmr)
THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
) Case No. 09-cv-00148-DS
) MEMORANDUM DECISION
) AND ORDER OF SALE
ROGER B. FELT, an individual;
LOIS G. FELT, an individual;
ROGER B. FELT and LOIS G. FELT, )
as TRUSTEES of “ROGER B. FELT )
AND LOIS GERALDINE C. FELT
TRUST”; UTAH STATE TAX
The United States filed the instant suit to reduce to judgment federal income tax
assessments made against Roger Felt for the 1996-2001 tax years and to foreclose the related
federal tax liens against Mr. Felt upon the real property located at 599 W. Gentile Street, Layton,
Utah 84101 (“Layton property”), which is a single family residence occupied by Mr. Felt and his
wife, Lois Felt (“Defendants”).
Defendant failed to respond to the United States’ Interrogatories, Requests for
Production, or Requests for Admission, nor did Mr. and Mrs. Felt appear for their scheduled
On November 17, 2010, the United States filed its motion for summary judgment.
Summary judgment is proper “if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories,
and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as
to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter of law.” Fed.
R. Civ. P. 56. The party moving for summary judgment has the initial burden of showing the
absence of a genuine issue of material fact. See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323
(1986). Once the movant’s burden is met by producing evidence which, if uncontroverted,
would entitle the movant to judgment as a matter of law, the burden then shifts to the nonmoving
party to set forth specific facts demonstrating that there is a genuine issue for trial. Anderson v.
Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 249-250 (1986).
The United States met its initial burden by producing evidence which entitles it to
judgment as a matter of law. The United States submitted the Certificates of Assessments,
Payments, and Other Specified Matters for Roger B. Felt (“Certificates of Assessments”) for
1996-2001 tax years. Courts have repeatedly held that Certificate of Assessments constitute
presumptive proof of a valid assessment in absence of contrary evidence in a motion for
summary judgment. See, e.g., Long v. United States, 972 F.2d 1174, 1181 (10th Cir. 1992);
United States v. Dixon, 672 F.Supp. 503 (M.D. Ala. 1987), aff’d 849 F.2d 1478 (11th Cir. 1988).
The United States also submitted the United States’ Requests for Admissions directed to Roger
Felt, which were deemed admitted for failure to respond pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 36(a). These
admissions also provide a more than adequate basis for finding that Roger Felt was properly
assessed and indebted to the United States in the amount of those assessments. United States v.
Kasuboski, 834 F.2d 1345, 1350 (7th Cir. 1987); United States v. Palmer, 2009 WL 1683172 *3
(W.D. Wash. 2009). Finally, the United States submitted the Declaration of Collection
Technical Services Advisor Jennifer Graham, with an attached interest computation table
generated by the IRS’s INST-D computer program, which demonstrated that the outstanding
balance of the assessments against Mr. Felt for the 1996-2001 tax years, due as of November 10,
2010, is $818,073.48.
The United States also submitted evidence that Mr. Felt had admitted that Defendants
were the true owners of the Layton property and that the Felt Trust held title merely as a
nominee, as Defendants’ transfer of the Layton property to the Felt Trust was for inadequate
consideration, Defendants resided at the Layton property without paying rent to the Felt Trust,
Defendants exercised dominion and control over the Layton property and paid all bills
association with the Layton property, and enjoy the full benefits of the Layton property without
any interference from the Felt Trust. See United States’ Motion for Summary Judgment, Exhibit
14 attached to the Declaration of Landon Yost; see also Roger Felt’s Answer to the Complaint,
Docket # 14, ¶ 34.
As argued in the United States’ Motion for Summary Judgment, the above facts entitle
the United States to judgment as a matter of law. Accordingly, the burden then shifted to
Defendants to set forth specific facts demonstrating that there is a genuine issue for trial.
Defendants, however, set forth no specific facts to controvert the United States’s facts.
Nor did Defendants set forth any other facts which would create a genuine issue for trial.
Defendants’ claim that Mr. Felt is not an individual or person as defined by the Internal
Revenue Code, and is therefore not subject to federal income tax, is meritless. Arguments
that an individual is not a “person” within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Code have been
uniformly rejected as frivolous and meritless. See, e.g., United States v. Dawes, 874 F.2d 746,
750-51 (10th Cir. 1989), overruled on other grounds, 895 F.2d 1577 (10th Cir1990).
Similarly, defendants’ argument that this case should be involuntarily dismissed pursuant
to Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b) because Plaintiff’s attorneys “knew or should have known that a civil
action such as a lien foreclosure suit is an in rem action in admiralty” which is exclusively a
matter of admiralty jurisdiction requiring a “verified” complaint is equally lacking in merit. This
action is not a matter of admiralty jurisdiction. The United States properly alleged that this Court
has jurisdiction over this action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1340 and 1345 and 26 U.S.C. §§ 7402
and 7403. See United States v. Dawes, 161 Fed. Appx. 742, 745 (10th Cir. 2005) (dismissing as
frivolous defendants’ assertions that the court lacked subject matter jurisdiction over a suit
involving the foreclosure of federal tax liens and noting that the United States had “properly
alleg[ed] jurisdiction in its complaint under 26 U.S.C. §§ 7402(a) and 7403 and 28 U.S.C. §§
1340 and 1345”).
Finally, defendants’ argument that the “United States” is the real party of interest under
Fed. R. Civ. P. 17(a), and that the “entity ‘United States of America’ has not been shown to be a
proper party to represent the interests of the United States,” Response in Opposition, p. 3, fn. 1.,
is frivolous. Dawes, 161 Fed. Appx. At 745-46 (finding that the argument that the “‘United
States’ and ‘United States of America’ are not synonymous” was “legally frivolous”and did “not
merit further comment”).
Accordingly, Defendants have failed to meet their burden to demonstrate that there is a
genuine issue for trial, and the United States’ Motion for Summary Judgment is hereby granted.
It is hereby ORDERED AND ADJUDGED that judgment is entered in favor of the
United States and against Roger B. Felt in the amount of $818,073.48 for the unpaid balance of
1040 federal income taxes for the tax years 1996-2001, as of November 10, 2010, plus further
accrued penalties and interest accruing after November 10, 2010, pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §§ 6601,
6621, and 6622, and 28 U.S.C. § 1961(c), until paid.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the United States’ tax liens against Roger B. Felt for
the years 1996-2001 attached to the parcel of real property located at 599 West Gentile Street,
Layton, Utah 84041, and more particularly described as follows:
Beginning at a point on the Section Line 186.0 feet East of the Northwest corner
of the Northeast quarter of Section 29, Township 4 North, Range 1 West, Salt
Lake Base and Meridian; running thence East 144.0 feet; thence South 313.0 feet;
thence West 144.0 feet; thence North 313.0 feet to the point of beginning.
(hereinafter the “Property”) are foreclosed.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED as follows:
1. The United States Marshal for the District of Utah, his or her representative, or an
Internal Revenue Service Property Appraisal and Liquidation Specialist (“PALS”), (hereinafter
reference to the Marshall or PALS shall also refer to his or her agents, officers, and
representatives) is authorized and directed under 28 U.S.C. §§ 2001 and 2002 to offer for public
sale and to sell the Property. The United States may choose either the United States Marshal or a
PALS to carry out the sale under this Order and shall make the arrangements for any sale as set
forth in this Order.
2. The Marshal or PALS is authorized to have free access to the Property and to take all
actions necessary to preserve the Property, including, but not limited to, retaining a locksmith or
other person to change or install locks or other security devices on any part of the property, until
the deed to the Property is delivered to the ultimate purchaser.
3. The terms and conditions of the sale are as follows:
a. the sale of the Property shall be free and clear of the interests of: defendants
Roger B. Felt, Lois G. Felt, Roger B. Felt and Lois Geraldine C. Felt Trust, and Utah State Tax
b. the sale shall be subject to building liens, if established, all laws, ordinances,
and governmental regulations (including building and zoning ordinances) affecting the Property,
and easements and restrictions of record, if any;
c. the sale shall be held at the courthouse of the county or city in which the
Property is located, on the Property's premises, or at any other place in accordance with the
provisions of 28 U.S.C. §§ 2001 and 2002;
d. the date and time for sale are to be announced by the United States Marshal or
e. notice of the sale shall be published once a week for at least four consecutive
weeks before the sale in at least one newspaper regularly issued and of general circulation in
Davis County, Utah, and, at the discretion of the Marshal or the PALS, by any other notice
deemed appropriate. The notice shall contain a description of the property and shall contain the
terms and conditions of sale in this order of sale;
f. the minimum bid will be set by the Internal Revenue Service. If the minimum
bid is not met or exceeded, the Marshal or the PALS may, without further permission of this
Court, and under the terms and conditions in this order of sale, hold a new public sale, if
necessary, and reduce the minimum bid or sell to the second highest bidder;
g. the successful bidder(s) shall be required to deposit at the time of the same
with the Marshal or the PALS a minimum of ten percent of the bid, with the deposit to be made
by certified or cashier's check payable to the United States District Court for the District of Utah.
Before being permitted to bid at the sale, bidders shall display to the Marshal or the
PALS proof that they are able to comply with this requirement. No bids will be received from
any person(s) who have not presented proof that, if they are the successful bidders(s), they can
make the deposit required by this order of sale;
h. the balance of the purchase price for the Property is to be paid to the United
States Marshall or a PALS (whichever person is conducting the sale) within 20 days after the
date the bid is accepted, by a certified or cashier's check payable to the “U.S. District Court for
the District of Utah”. If the bidder fails to fulfill this requirement, the deposit shall be forfeited
and shall be applied to cover the expenses of the sale, including commissions due under 28
U.S.C. § 1921(c), with any amount remaining to be applied to the income tax liabilities of Roger
B. Felt at issue herein. The Property shall be again offered for sale under the terms and
conditions of this order of sale. The United States may bid as a credit against its judgment
without tender of cash;
i. the sale of the Property shall be subject to confirmation by this Court. The
Marshal or a PALS shall file a report of sale with the Court, together with a proposed order of
confirmation of sale and proposed deed, within 20 days from the date of receipt of the balance of
the purchase price;
j. on confirmation of the sale, the Marshal or PALS shall execute and deliver a
deed of judicial sale conveying the property to the purchaser;
k. on confirmation of the sale, all interests in, liens against, or claims to, the
Property that are held or asserted by all parties to this action are discharged and extinguished;
l. on confirmation of the sale, the recorder of deeds for Davis County, Utah shall
cause transfer of the property to be reflected upon that county’s register of title; and
m. the sale is ordered pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2001, and is made without right of
4. Until the property is sold, Roger B. Felt and Lois G. Felt shall take all reasonable
steps necessary to preserve the property (including all buildings, improvements, fixtures and
appurtenances on the property) in its current condition including, without limitation, maintaining
a fire and casualty insurance policy on the property. They shall neither commit waste against the
property nor cause or permit anyone else to do so. They shall neither do anything that tends to
reduce the value or marketability of the property nor cause or permit anyone else to do so. The
defendants shall not record any instruments, publish any notice, or take any other action (such as
running newspaper advertisements or posting signs) that may directly or indirectly tend to
adversely affect the value of the property or that may tend to deter or discourage potential
bidders from participating in the public auction, nor shall they cause or permit anyone else to do
5. All persons occupying the property, including Roger B. Felt, Lois G. Felt, and any
relatives, shall leave and vacate the property permanently within 10 days of the date of this
Order, each taking with them his or her personal property (but leaving all improvements,
buildings, fixtures, and appurtenances to the property). If any person fails or refuses to leave and
vacate the property by the time specified in this Order, the United States Marshal’s Office, alone,
is authorized to take whatever action it deems appropriate to remove such person from the
premises, including the use of reasonable force, whether or not the sale of such property is being
conducted by a PALS. If any person fails or refuses to remove his or her personal property from
the property by the time specified herein, the personal property remaining on the property
thereafter is deemed forfeited and abandoned, and the United States Marshal’s Office is
authorized to remove it and to dispose of it in any manner it deems appropriate, including sale, in
which case the proceeds of the sale are to be applied first to the expenses of sale and the balance
to be paid into the Court for further distribution.The proceeds arising from sale are to be paid to
the Clerk of this Court and applied as far as they shall be sufficient to the following items, in the
1. To the United States Marshal or the PALS (whichever person conducted the sale as
arranged by the United States) for the costs of the sale, including any expense of maintaining the
Property prior to sale;
2. To all taxes unpaid and matured that are owed to Davis County for real property taxes
on the property;
3. To Lois G. Felt, for her one-half interest in the remaining proceeds.
4. To Utah State Tax Commission. according to their stipulation as to the
priority of their claims;
5. To the federal income tax liabilities of Roger B. Felt, plus all interest and penalties
due and owing thereon;
6. Any balance remaining after the above payments shall be held by the Clerk until
further order of the Court.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 12th day of May, 2011.
United States District Court
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