Parker v. State of Utah et al
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS as to 11 Motion to Dismiss filed by State of Utah, 21 Motion for Entry of Default filed by Frank Parker, 18 Motion to Dismiss filed by Susanne Gustin, 23 Motion to Strike file d by Frank Parker, 28 Report and Recommendations. The court hereby APPROVES AND ADOPTS Judge Warners Report and Recommendation in its entirety. Accordingly, this case is dismissed. Each party shall bear ones own costs. Case Closed. See Order for details. Signed by Judge Clark Waddoups on 7/25/12. (jmr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF UTAH, CENTRAL DIVISION
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND
Case No. 2:11-cv-1127 CW-PMW
THE STATE OF UTAH and SUSANNE
District Judge Clark Waddoups
Magistrate Judge Paul M. Warner
This case was assigned to United States District Court Judge Clark Waddoups, who then
referred it to United States Magistrate Paul M. Warner under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B). On April
25, 2012, Judge Warner issued a Report and Recommendation, recommending that defendants’
respective motions to dismiss be granted. In response to that report, plaintiff Frank Parker filed an
appeal to the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, which that Court dismissed for lack of jurisdiction
because no final judgment had been entered by this court. Mr. Parker then filed an Objection to the
Report and Recommendation on May 17, 2012. Although not requested to do so under DUCivR 723, both defendants then filed a response to the Objection on May 31, 2012.
In its response, the State urges the court to disregard Mr. Parker’s Objection because it was
untimely. The court declines to do so. Mr. Parker is a pro se litigant. Although pro se litigants must
adhere to the rules of civil procedure, Mr. Parker’s appeal showed his intent to object to Judge
Warner’s report. The court therefore elects to address Mr. Parker’s Objection.
Mr. Parker contends default should have been entered against Ms. Gustin because she filed
a motion to dismiss rather than an answer to his complaint. Under Rule 12 of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure, a defendant may file a motion to dismiss rather than an answer. When a defendant
elects to do so, Rule 12(a)(4) alters the time for filing an answer. Because Ms. Gustin timely filed
a motion to dismiss, Judge Warner correctly found that entry of default under Rule 55 was
inapplicable. Consequently, it was appropriate for him to address Ms. Gustin’s motion to dismiss.
When addressing motions to dismiss, the court must accept as true all well-pleaded
allegations in a Complaint. If one accepts Mr. Parker’s allegations as true, he has raised serious
questions about the effectiveness of his counsel. Judge Warner correctly states, however, that the
State cannot be sued for monetary damages under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Moreover, statutes of
limitations due act as a bar to Mr. Parker’s claims due to when the alleged ineffective assistance of
counsel occurred. Thus, while Mr. Parker has stated serious allegations, the court lacks authority
to hear his claims. For these reasons, the court hereby APPROVES AND ADOPTS Judge Warner’s
Report and Recommendation in its entirety. Accordingly, this case is dismissed. Each party shall
bear one’s own costs.
SO ORDERED this 25th day of July, 2012.
BY THE COURT:
United States District Judge
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