Tucker v. USA et al
MEMORANDUM DECISION and Order denying 41 Motion for Leave to File Surreply. Signed by Judge Dale A. Kimball on 7/17/13. (jlw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH
BRIAN B. TUCKER,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA;
ASSISTANT UNITED STATES
ATTORNEY CARLOS ESQUEDA;
FEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION SPECIAL AGENTS
GREGORY ROGERS AND MICHAEL
ANDERSON; AND JOHN DOES AT
THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY’S
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND
Case No. 2:12CV409 DAK
Judge Dale A. Kimball
This matter is before the court on Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to File Surreply. The court
concludes that oral argument would not significantly aid the court in deciding the issues
presented in Plaintiff’s Motion. Having fully considered the motion and memoranda submitted
by the parties and the facts and law relevant to this motion, the court enters the following Order.
On April 11, 2013, Defendants filed a motion to dismiss Plaintiff’s action under
Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1) and (6). With respect to Plaintiff’s Fifth Amendment claim, Defendants
argue the claim should be dismissed for three reasons: (1) there is no waiver of sovereign
immunity for a suit for damages against the United States or its officers based on a constitutional
violation; (2) Plaintiff’s claim is too late because he knew in December 2007 that the $7, 834.40
had been returned to Zions Bank, but he failed to file his lawsuit within four years; and (3)
Plaintiff cannot overcome qualified immunity or absolute prosecutorial immunity because he
cannot show a constitutional violation, and he had an adequate remedy but failed to avail himself
of it. As to Plaintiff’s Fourteenth Amendment claim, Defendants assert it should be dismissed
because the court lacks jurisdiction, as all the defendants are federal officers. Finally,
Defendants argue Plaintiff’s Administrative Procedure Act claim should be dismissed because he
is not challenging agency actions and is seeking damages.
On May 23, 2013, Plaintiff responded to each of Defendants’ arguments. First, Plaintiff
argues there was a waiver of sovereign immunity for claims under the Fifth Amendment against
the United States and its officers in their official capacities because Defendants allegedly
violated clearly established laws and procedures. Second, Plaintiff claims his Fifth Amendment
claim was not too late because he did not find out about the alleged constitutional violation until
May 18, 2010. Third, he contends Defendants are not entitled to qualified immunity because he
was unlawfully deprived of his property and had no adequate remedy. Fourth, he claims that the
United States waived its sovereign immunity because he submitted an administrative claim in
February 2007 requesting compensation for the money that had been returned to Zions Bank.
Fifth, he asserts that his Fourteenth Amendment claim should not be dismissed because there are
John Does who may be state employees. Finally, he argues that the APA provided waiver of
sovereign immunity because he was not seeking damages, but an order from the court to get the
money returned and was challenging an agency’s failure to act.
Defendants responded to Plaintiff’s arguments. First, Defendants rebutted Plaintiff’s
responses regarding his Fifth Amendment claim by arguing: (1) Plaintiff’s argument does not
waive sovereign immunity against the United States and its officers in their official capacity; (2)
by conceding that he was not aware of the return of the money in February 2010, Plaintiff was
far too late to bring this action; and (3) even taking Plaintiff’s version of facts as true, he still had
a post-deprivation remedy, which shows that he cannot overcome qualified immunity. Second,
Defendants contend that even assuming Plaintiff’s February 2007 letter can be deemed an
administrative claim, he did not file a tort claim with the court within six months of receiving the
denial of his claim which is required to invoke the FTCA’s waiver of sovereign immunity. Third,
Defendants argue that none of the John Does could be state actors because Plaintiff is suing only
those under control of the United States Attorney’s Office, which makes them federal officers
and, therefore, outside the Fourteenth Amendment. Finally, Defendants assert Plaintiff’s
allegations that the United States failed to act did not waive the United States sovereign
immunity under the Administrative Procedure Act because litigation decisions are not agency
Motion for Leave to File Surreply
Plaintiff argues that the court should grant him leave to respond to Defendants’ Reply.
Plaintiff contends that Defendants have made wholesale changes to their arguments and facts—
namely, abandoning their original defense for an alternative theory of defense and making new
erroneous statements of fact.
The court may permit the filing of a surreply at its discretion. Baptist Mem’l Hosp. v.
Sebelius, 765 F. Supp. 2d 20, 31 (D.D.C. 2011). In general, a court will grant the nonmoving
party an opportunity to file a surreply brief if it has not had the opportunity to respond to new
evidence or new legal arguments presented by the moving party in a reply memorandum. Green
v. New Mexico, 420 F.3d 1189, 1196 (10th Cir. 2005) (citing Beaird v. Seagate Tech., 145 F.3d
1159, 1164 (10th Cir. 1998)). Before filing a surreply, a party must request the Court’s
permission to do so. Standford v. Potomac Elec. Power Co., 394 F. Supp. 2d 81, 86 (D. D. C.
2005); see also Longwood Vill. Rest., Ltd. v. Ashcroft, 157 F. Supp. 2d 61, 68 n. 3 (D. D. C.
2001). Additionally, “the moving party must show that the reply filed by the moving party
raised new arguments that were not included in the original motion.” Longwood, 157 F. Supp. 2d
at 68 n.3.
Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to File Surreply fails to offer a justifiable reason upon which
the Court might grant the leave requested. Plaintiff alleges that Defendants have made new
arguments and erroneous statements of fact in their Reply brief which were not included in the
original motion. However, Plaintiff does not identify any erroneous facts or new arguments to
which he believes he is entitled to respond. In fact, Plaintiff’s motion is devoid of any facts to
support his legal argument. Therefore, the Court concludes Plaintiff has not met his burden to
establish that leave to file surreply is justified.
Furthermore, even assuming arguendo that Plaintiff had identified arguments and facts he
believed to be new, Defendants have successfully demonstrated that they do not raise any new
legal arguments but merely rebut the arguments Plaintiff makes in his response.
Based on the above reasoning, Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to File Surreply is DENIED.
DATED this 17th day of July, 2013.
BY THE COURT:
DALE A. KIMBALL,
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?