Jensen v. West Jordan City et al
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER denying 14 Motion to Dismiss ; denying 14 Motion for Partial Summary Judgment. Signed by Judge Dale A. Kimball on 6/21/13. (jlw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH
WEST JORDAN CITY et al.,
Case No. 2:12CV736 DAK
This matter is before the court on Defendants City of West Jordan and Lt. Shober’s
(“Defendants”) Second Motion to Dismiss, or in the Alternative, Partial Summary Judgment. A
hearing on the motion was held on March 20, 2013. At the hearing, Plaintiff Aaron Jensen was
represented by Justin D. Heideman, and Defendants were represented by Stuart E. Williams. The
court has carefully considered the memoranda and other materials submitted by the parties.
Since taking the matter under advisement, the court has further considered the law and facts
relating to this motion. Now being fully advised, the court renders the following Memorandum
Decision and Order.
Defendants have moved to dismiss Plaintiff’s Fifth Cause of Action (Negligent
Supervision) and Sixth Cause of Action (Intentional Interference with Economic Relations),
arguing that Plaintiff failed to timely file a Notice of Claim against the City.1 The Utah
Governmental Immunity Act provides that “[a] claim against a governmental entity . . . is barred
Plaintiff has already stipulated to dismissing the Fourth Cause of Action (Negligent
Infliction of Emotional Distress), along with all causes of action “to the extent they rely upon
unless [a] notice of claim is filed . . . within one year after the claim arises . . . .” Utah Code
Ann. § 63G-7-402. Defendants contend that Plaintiff filed his Notice of Claim sixty-six days
too late, and therefore, the Fifth and Sixth Causes of Action must be dismissed. Specifically,
they argue that Plaintiff knew by March 24, 2011, as demonstrated by the filing of his UALD
Charge (i) that he had a claim against the City or its employee; (ii) the identity of the
governmental entity or the name of the employee before a year preceding the notice of claim filed
against the City and (iii) the nature of the claim. Utah Code Ann. § 63G-7-401(1)(b). Plaintiff,
however, waited, until May 29, 2012 to file his Notice of Claim, rendering it untimely, according
The court disagrees with Defendants and declines to dismiss either the Fifth or Sixth
Causes of Action. As Plaintiff set forth in his Memorandum in Opposition, there are new claims
contained in the Notice of Claim that are not contained in the March 2011 UALD Charge
because they occurred after March 2011 and as late as May 2012.
Through the briefing of the instant motion, Defendants have conceded that their motion
“may be premature” regarding the Sixth Cause of Action (Intentional Interference with Economic
Relations). They state, however, that they anticipate being able to show, after discovery, that this
allegation was part of the March 2011 UALD charge. The court agrees that the motion is
premature at this juncture. Defendants may file a motion for summary judgment after discovery,
if the facts so warrant.
Regarding the Fifth Cause of Action (Negligent Supervision), Defendants argue that this
claim relies on pre-settlement claims, which Plaintiff has previously conceded are not the basis
for a valid cause of action.2 It appears to the court, however, that Plaintiff has alleged actions
that occurred within a year of filing the Notice of Claim. While Plaintiff will not be permitted to
recover damages for his Negligent Supervision claim for actions that occurred prior to May 29,
2011, he may recover to the extent he has evidence of conduct occurring within the year prior to
filing his Notice of Claim. If, after discovery, Defendants can demonstrate that there are no
genuine issues of material fact as to when the alleged offending conduct occurred, they may
move for summary judgment on this claim.
For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Defendants’ Second Motion
to Dismiss , or in the Alternative, Partial Summary Judgment [Docket No. 14] is DENIED.
DATED this 21th day of June, 2013.
BY THE COURT:
DALE A. KIMBALL
United States District Judge
Defendants also argue, in their reply memorandum, that Plaintiff has no damages for
this claim because even if the City attempted to influence the prosecutor after the charges were
dismissed without prejudice, Plaintiff has admitted that the prosecutor would not take their calls
and refused to be influenced by them. Thus, Defendants contend, there was no injury. The court
declines to consider this argument, which was raised for the first time in Defendants’ reply
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