Derma Pen v. 4EverYoung Limited et al
ORDER taking under advisement 504 Motion for Preliminary Injunction; granting 504 Motion for TRO. Third-Party Defendant Michael E. Anderer, his agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, and those acting in concert with th em (collectively, the Enjoined Parties) shall not transfer nor sale the trademark and domain name to anyone other than 4EverYoung, including by virtue of the Public Sale scheduled for January 22, 2015, at 8:00 a.m.Further hearing on this Temporary Restraining Order is set for January 29, 2015 at 9:00 a.m. See order for details. Signed by Judge David Nuffer on January 21, 2015. (DN)
James E. Magleby (7247)
Christine T. Greenwood (8187)
Christopher M. Von Maack (10468)
MAGLEBY & GREENWOOD, P.C.
170 South Main Street, Suite 850
Salt Lake City, Utah 84101-3605
Attorneys for Defendants, Counterclaim Plaintiffs, and Third-Party Plaintiff
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF UTAH, CENTRAL DIVISION
DERMA PEN, LLC,
ORDER GRANTING 4EVERYOUNG’S
MOTION FOR TEMPORARY
RESTRAINING ORDER AGAINST
MICHAEL E. ANDERER
DERMAPENWORLD, BIOSOFT (AUST)
PTY LTD d/b/a DERMAPENWORLD,
EQUIPMED INTERNATIONAL PTY. LTD.
d/b/a DERMAPENWORLD, and STENE
MARSHALL d/b/a DERMAPENWORLD,
4EVERYOUNG LTD. and EQUIPMED
INTERNATIONAL PTY. LTD.,
Case No.: 2:13-CV-00729-DN-EJF
District Judge David Nuffer
DERMA PEN, LLC,
Magistrate Judge Evelyn J. Furse
MICHAEL E. ANDERER, JEREMY
JONES, MICHAEL J. MORGAN, CHAD
MILTON, MEDMETICS, LLC, a Delaware
limited liability company, and JOHN
Based upon 4EverYoung’s Motion 1 for Temporary Restraining Order and
Preliminary Injunction Against Michael E. Anderer, the prior orders, pleadings and
papers on file, and for good cause shown, the Court hereby FINDS and ORDERS as
4EverYoung and Derma Pen are parties to the Sales Distribution
Section 11.1 of the Distribution Agreement provides: 3
Docket no. 504, filed January 21, 2015.
See Sales Distribution Agreement, Docket No. 25.
Id. § 11, Docket No. 25.
On May 30, 2013, Derma Pen sent notice that it was terminating the
Distribution Agreement pursuant to Section 11.1. 4
“The Distribution Agreement has been terminated. Derma Pen
terminated it.” 5
Part of 4EverYoung’s claim for breach of contract seeks specific
performance and damages under Sections 12.2 and 14.6 of the Distribution Agreement,
which “provide 4EverYoung with certain rights to purchase the Derma Pen US
trademark and the dermapen.com domain name after the Distribution Agreement
Specific performance of this obligation was ordered on January 6, 2015,
written in an order filed January 12, 2015. 7
“Derma Pen has consistently resisted 4EverYoung’s exercise of its rights
under Sections 12.2 and 14.6 of the Distribution Agreement.” 8
See 5-30-13 Letter J. Jones to S. Marshall, Trial Ex. 16.
Temporary Restraining Order at 4, Docket No. 451.
Id. at 4, Docket No. 451.
Docket No. 476, filed January 12, 2014.
Anderer is a member and owner of approximately 26% of Derma Pen,
and, up until approximately August 1, 2014, he was the chairman of the Derma Pen’s
Anderer was heavily involved in the negotiations regarding the Sales
Distribution Agreement, and he was well aware of the post-termination transfer
obligations in that agreement. 10
Anderer made that clear that he was an architect – if not the architect – of
Derma Pen’s strategy for exiting the Distribution Agreement and retaining the
Trademark in a September 9, 2012 email, in which he outlined the manner in which he
thought the facts should be characterized and in which another former member of
Derma Pen, Erik Felsted, stated that “over Mike A.’s dead body is he going to just allow
Stene to take control of those assets,” i.e., the Trademark and Domain Name. 11
Anderer has attended numerous depositions in this case, including the
October 22, 2013 Rule 30(b)(6) deposition of Derma Pen at which Chad Milton testified
Id. at 5, Docket No. 451.
See Transcript of 10-9-14 Deposition of Michael Anderer (“Anderer Depo.”) at 25-26
(discussing Anderer’s ownership interest in Derma Pen), 43 (stating that Anderer was
chairman until his resignation just prior to Derma Pen’s bankruptcy filing), Docket No.
See, e.g., 7-18-11 Email C. Milton to M. Morgan and M. Anderer, Trial Ex. 48 (“I
GUESS THE ONLY QUESTION WE NEED TO ASK OURSELVES IS IF THE
TRADEMARK CLAUSE IS A DEAL KILLER”).
See 9-9-12 Email Chain between M. Anderer, E. Felsted, M. Morgan, J. Jones, and
C. Milton, Trial Ex. 630.
as the company representative 12 and the June 5, 2014 deposition of Stene Marshall. In
the bankruptcy case, Anderer’s own deposition was taken in Florida, and he attended
the depositions of two former employees of Derma Pen, LLC.
On August 8, 2011, just one business day prior to the jury trial scheduled
on the bifurcated contract claims in this case, Derma Pen filed a Chapter 11 bankruptcy
in Delaware. 13
Each of the members of Derma Pen, including Anderer, executed a
resolution authorizing the filing of the bankruptcy. 14
Derma Pen’s bankruptcy was dismissed on Friday, December 19, 2014,
after the bankruptcy court determined that the bankruptcy was filed “as a litigation tactic,
rather than as a good faith attempt to reorganize or preserve value for creditors.” 15
“The bankruptcy dismissal declares that the bankruptcy filing was a bad
faith attempt to prevent adjudication in this case.” 16
At the conclusion of Milton’s deposition, Anderer informed Mr. Marshall, in the
presence of counsel, that he would follow Marshall all over the world and would sue him
anywhere and everywhere.
See In Re Derma Pen, LLC, Bankr., Case No. 14-11894 (KJC); see also Notice of
Filing of Bankruptcy and Automatic Stay Under 11 U.S.C. § 362, Docket No. 422, filed
August 8, 2014.
See Voluntary Petition and attached Consent Resolution of the Members of Derma
Pen, LLC, In Re Derma Pen, LLC, Bankr., Case No. 14-11894 (KJC), Bankr. Docket
See Memorandum (In Re Derma Pen, LLC, Bankr., Case No. 14-11894 (KJC)),
Docket No. 448, filed December 19, 2014; see also Notice of Dismissal of Bankruptcy
Case and Request for Pretrial Conference, Docket No. 448, filed December 19, 2014.
On Monday, December 22, 2014, Derma Pen executed a Confession of
Judgment in favor of Anderer, which referenced certain debts allegedly owed by Derma
Pen to Anderer. 17
Each of Jones, Morgan, and Milton executed a written consent by which
they approved the Confession of Judgment. 18
On the same day, Anderer filed or caused to be filed the Confession of
Judgment through an action styled Michael E. Anderer v. Derma Pen, LLC, in the Third
Judicial District Court, State of Utah (the “Confession of Judgment Action”). 19
Also on December 22, 2014, Derma Pen executed the Trademark
Assignment in favor of Anderer. 20
On that same day, Anderer (or Derma Pen, on Anderer’s behalf) filed the
assignment with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the “PTO”). 21
Temporary Restraining Order at 5, Docket No. 451; see also Preliminary Injunction
Order at 12, Docket No. 476.
See Confession of Judgment, Docket No. 460-1.
See Written Consent of the Members of Derma Pen, LLC in Lieu of a Special Meeting
(attached to Confession of Judgment), Docket No. 489-2.
See copy of docket for the Confession of Judgment Action, Case No. 140908635,
Docket No. 496 at 7.
See Trademark Assignment, Docket No. 460-2.
See Assignment Confirmation Receipt, Docket No. 496 at 8. Although the document
does not indicate who filed the Trademark Assignment with the PTO, the receipt
indicates it was sent to Jeremy Jones, Derma Pen’s current CEO. If the Trademark
Assignment was filed by Derma Pen, that filing is further evidence that Derma Pen and
Anderer were proceeding in active concert with each other.
The Trademark Assignment and Confession of Judgment were disclosed
by Derma Pen on December 23, 2014. 22
On December 23, 2014, the Court entered the Temporary Restraining
Order enjoining transfer of the Trademark and Domain Name against “Derma Pen, its
officers, agents, servants, employees, and attorneys, and those acting in concert with
them.” 23 The written Temporary Restraining Order recited that the “bankruptcy
dismissal declares that the bankruptcy filing was a bad faith attempt to prevent
adjudication in this case” and that the “Confession of Judgment is also an attempt to
evade this adjudication process by placing the trademark beyond the reach of the
The Temporary Restraining Order (and Preliminary Injunction) is
supported by a $10,000 bond filed on the first day the Court was open following entry of
the Temporary Restraining Order. 25
Following a hearing on January 6, 2015, the Court with consent of Derma
Pen, issued a ruling continuing the Temporary Restraining Order as a Preliminary
injunction, and it issued the written Preliminary Injunction Order on January 12, 2015. 26
Docket no. 450.
See Temporary Restraining Order at 6, Docket No. 451.
See id. at 5, Docket No. 451.
Docket No. 462; Docket No. 463.
Preliminary Injunction Order, Docket No. 476.
In the Preliminary Injunction Order, the Court explained that the TRO
Order included language similar to Rule 65(d)(2)(C), “reciting that the temporary
restraining order binds ‘persons who are in active concert or participation with’ Derma
Pen, which includes Anderer.”27
Despite the Temporary Restraining Order and the Preliminary Injunction
Order, on January 9, 2015, Anderer (through counsel) issued a notice of public sale of
Derma Pen and its assets, including the Trademark. 28 According to the Notice of Sale,
the sale will take place on January 22, 2015, at 8:00 a.m., at the Salt Lake City office of
Snell & Wilmer. 29
4EverYoung is likely to suffer irreparable injury in the absence of
preliminary injunctive relief by reason of transfer of the Trademark and Domain Name,
and defeat of its contractual rights, and the harm it faces outweighs the harm faced by
Anderer from the issuance of an injunction which is measurable by monetary damages.
The facts are established by an uncontested record that the sale is set to occur less
than 12 hours from now, without any intervening business hours.
The public interest favors this restraining order to uphold contractual
rights, prevent transfer of assets outside the control of parties subject to orders of the
court, and ensure orderly resolution of disputes.
Id. at 4-5, Docket No. 476.
See Notice of Sale, Docket No. 489-1.
See id. at 1, 489-1.
4EverYoung is at this stage shown to be likely to prevail on the merits of
its claim for fraudulent transfer.
Under Utah Code Ann. § 25-6-5(1)(a), a transfer is fraudulent if
(1) the creditor has a claim that arose either before or after the transfer
was made or the obligation was incurred; and
(2) the transfer was made with actual intent to hinder, delay, or defraud
any creditor of the debtor.
The facts recited show the actual intentions of the control group including
Anderer to hinder, delay and obstruct 4EverYoung’s claims.
Under Utah Code Ann. 25-6-6(2), a transfer is fraudulent where:
(1) the creditor has a claim that arose before the transfer was made or the
obligation was incurred;
(2) the transfer was made to an insider for an antecedent debt;
(3) the debtor was insolvent at the time;
(4) the insider had reasonable cause to believe that the debtor was
4EverYoung’s claim arose before Derma Pen transferred the trademark
and domain name to Anderer.
Anderer is an insider.
The antecedent debts are the 2012 and 2014 Notes and Security
Anderer had reasonable cause to believe that Derma Pen was insolvent.
The statements in a paper filed by Derma Pen and by Derma Pen’s
counsel in court that Derma Pen has a verbal license from Anderer to use the
Trademark show the transfer is likely illusory.
Derma Pen and Anderer stated in court that the Public Sale will convey
title to the Trademark, Domain Name and other property subject of the sale and that
there is no effect on that sale by reason of the levy of execution in the Confession of
This Temporary Restraining Order is issued without notice because there
are no working hours before the time set for the public sale and for the reasons stated in
4EverYoung’s Emergency ExParte Motion for Alternative Service 30 and the Declaration
of Christine T. Greenwood in support of that motion. 31
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED
Defendants’ Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary
Injunction Against Michael E. Anderer is GRANTED.
A temporary restraining order is entered as follows:
Third-Party Defendant Michael E. Anderer, his agents, servants,
employees, and attorneys, and those acting in concert with them (collectively, the
“Enjoined Parties”) shall not transfer nor sale the trademark and domain name to
Docket No. 501.
Docket No. 502.
anyone other than 4EverYoung, including by virtue of the Public Sale scheduled
for January 22, 2015, at 8:00 a.m.;
This order will remain in effect until otherwise ordered by the Court;
Further hearing on this Temporary Restraining Order is set for
January 29, 2015 at 9:00 a.m.; and
The bond already posted by 4EverYoung shall serve as security for
this order until 4:30 p.m. Thursday January 22, 2015 by which time an additional
bond in the amount of $10,000 must be posted as security for the issuance of
this temporary restraining order. If that security is not timely posted, this order
Dated January 21, 2015.
Time Issued: 9:16 p.m.
BY THE COURT:
United States District Judge
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