Domai v. American Express et al
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS - Case Closed.; granting 9 Motion to Dismiss. Magistrate Judge Paul M. Warner no longer assigned to case; denying as Moot 18 Motion for Entry of Default; adopting Report and Recommendations re 24 Report and Recommendations.; denying as moot 26 Motion for Extension of Time; denying as moot 28 Motion for Extension of Time to File Response/Reply. Signed by Judge Clark Waddoups on 10/17/16. (jmr)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH, CENTRAL DIVISION
GUY M. DOMAI,
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND
Case No. 2:15-cv-542-CW-PMW
AMERICAN EXPRESS TRAVEL
RELATED SERVICES; JEFF SHANE, an
individual; KRIS HAUSER, an individual;
STEVE TUTTLE, an individual; KEN
CHENAULT, an individual; MARIANNE
STEINKE, an individual; and AL PECK, an
Judge Clark Waddoups
This case was assigned to United States District Court Judge Clark Waddoups, who then
referred it to United States Magistrate Judge Paul M. Warner pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(B). (See Dkt. No. 4.) The Court granted Plaintiff Guy M. Domai’s request to proceed
in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. (Dkt. No. 2.) On September 9, 2016, Judge
Warner issued a Report and Recommendation recommending that the court grant Defendant Jeff
Shane’s Motion to Dismiss (Dkt. No. 9) on the grounds that all of Mr. Domai’s claims are barred
by the applicable statutes of limitation, as well as Judge Warner’s sua sponte analysis, as
required under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), that the Complaint fails to state a claim on which
relief can be granted. (Dkt. No. 24.) Based on these findings, Judge Warner also recommended
the court find Mr. Domai’s Renewed Motion for Default (Dkt. No. 18) moot. Mr. Domai has not
objected to these recommendations, and the time for doing so has passed. 1
Mr. Domai had fourteen days after service of Judge Warner’s Report and Recommendation
The court agrees with Judge Warner’s conclusion that the relevant statutes of limitation
bar each of Mr. Domai’s claims and that neither the general federal savings statute nor the state
savings statute applies in this case. (See Dkt. No. 24, p. 6–7.) As a consequence, Mr. Domai’s
Complaint fails to state a claim against any defendant. See Radloff-Francis v. Wyoming Med.
Ctr., Inc., 524 F. App’x 411, 413 (10th Cir. 2013) (unpublished) (“And although a statute of
limitations bar is an affirmative defense, it may be resolved on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss
‘when the dates given in the complaint make clear that the right sued upon has been
extinguished.’”) (quoting Aldrich v. McCulloch Props., Inc., 627 F.2d 1036, 1041 n. 4 (10th Cir.
The court also agrees with Judge Warner’s conclusion that Mr. Domai’s previous lawsuit,
Domai v. American Express Corp., No. 2:13-cv-00567 (D. Utah), was dismissed on the merits,
thus rendering the savings statutes irrelevant. (See Dkt. No. 24, p. 7.) However, the court clarifies
that Judge Stewart’s opinion dismissing the previous lawsuit appears to dismiss Mr. Domai’s
case under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41. See Domai v. Am. Exp. Corp., No. 2:13-CV-567TS, 2015 WL 566602, at *1 (D. Utah Feb. 10, 2015) (unpublished). The court need not
within which to object. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b) (providing that objections must be filed within
fourteen days after service of the Report and Recommendation); Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a), (d)
(explaining how to compute time and providing that where service is by mail the court should
calculate the time within which a party must respond by adding three days after the period that
would otherwise expire). Because Judge Warner’s Report and Recommendation issued on
September 9, 2016, the rules required Mr. Domai to object by September 26, 2016 for the
objection to be timely. On October 11, 2016, Mr. Domai filed a document entitled “Motion for
Continuance” (Dkt. No. 26). On October 13, 2016, Mr. Domai filed a “Notice of Intent to
Proceed with Litigation” and another “Request for continuance” (Dkt. Nos. 27 & 28). These
documents do not object to the substance of Judge Warner’s Report and Recommendation, but
appear to seek further time in which to object. (See id.) Without a timely objection, the court has
the discretion to review the Report and Recommendation under a less-demanding standard. See
Summers v. Utah, 927 F.2d 1165, 1167 (10th Cir. 1991). The court declines to do so in this case
and reviews Judge Warner’s Report and Recommendation de novo––the standard of review most
generous to Mr. Domai. Upon consideration of Judge Warner’s recommendations and Mr.
Domai’s Complaint, the court finds the motions for continuance moot (Dkt. Nos. 26 & 28).
determine whether Judge Stewart also dismissed the case pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure 37 or 56, as Judge Warner states in the Report and Recommendation. (See Dkt. No.
24, p. 7.) Barring exceptions not applicable here, a dismissal under Rule 41(b) “operates as an
adjudication on the merits.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); see 9 Fed. Prac. & Proc. Civ. § 2373 (“As is
stated clearly in the rule, and the extensive case law under the subdivision, a dismissal under
Rule 41(b) or any other dismissal not provided for in Rule 41 will operate as an adjudication on
the merits”). Thus, Mr. Domai’s previous lawsuit was plainly dismissed on the merits.
Accordingly, upon de novo review of its findings and with the clarification discussed
above, the court APPROVES AND ADOPTS Judge Warner’s Report and Recommendation
(Dkt. No. 24). The court hereby GRANTS Defendant Jeff Shane’s Motion to Dismiss (Dkt. No.
9) and DISMISSES the Complaint. The court also DENIES as moot Mr. Domai’s motion for
default (Dkt. No. 18) and motions for continuance (Dkt. Nos. 26 & 28). The case is therefore
SO ORDERED this 17th day of October, 2016.
BY THE COURT:
United States District Judge
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