USA et al v. Miller
Memorandum Decision and Order on Appeal from United States Bankruptcy Court. The ruling of the bankruptcy court is AFFIRMED and ADOPTED by this Court. See order for details. Signed by Judge Bruce S. Jenkins on 09/08/2021. (kpf)
Case 2:20-cv-00248-BSJ Document 14 Filed 09/08/21 PageID.446 Page 1 of 2
2021 SEP 8 PM 3:31
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT U.S. DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF UTAH
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND
ORDER ON APPEAL FROM UNITED
STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT
DAVID L. MILLER,
Case No. 2:20-CV-00248-BSJ.
District Judge Bruce S. Jenkins
Before the Court is Appellant United States' appeal of the bankruptcy court's
memorandum decision and order. The Court heard oral argument on August 28, 2020. 1 Mr.
Landon M. Yost appeared on behalf of United States. Mr. Reid W. Lambert appeared on behalf
of Appellee David L. Miller. The Court reserved on the matter. Having considered the parties'
briefs, the arguments of counsel, and the relevant law, the Court hereby AFFIRMS and ADOPTS
the bankruptcy court's memorandum decision and order.
This case concerns the interplay between two provisions of the bankruptcy code - § 106,
which abrogates sovereign immunity with respect to certain code sections, and § 544(b), which
allows a Trustee in a chapter 7 bankruptcy to step into a creditor's shoes and avoid transfers
under applicable law. Applicable law includes state law outside of bankruptcy. The question
before the Court is whether Congress abrogated sovereign immunity as to the underlying state
law, in this case, the Utah Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act. Specifically, the Court must
Min. Entry, ECF No. 13.
Case 2:20-cv-00248-BSJ Document 14 Filed 09/08/21 PageID.447 Page 2 of 2
determine whether the bankruptcy court erred when it determined"§ 106(a)(l)'s waiver reached
the underlying state law causes of action incorporated through§ 544(b)."
In the Bankruptcy process, the Trustee has a duty to recover and assemble assets so that
entitled creditors may share therein. In that constitutionally footed process,2 the United States is
as vulnerable to disgorge inappropriate payment received as any other creditor so that all entitled
creditors may share appropriately as Congress has directed.
For the reasons set forth in the bankruptcy court's memorandum decision and order, the
ruling of the bankruptcy court is AFFIRMED and ADOPTED by this Court.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this _L day of September, 2021.
U.S. CONST. art. I, § 8, cl. 4. "The Congress shall have Power ... To establish. , , uniform Laws on the subject of
Bankruptcies throughout the United States."
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?