Al-Mashhadani v. Challa et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Peter J. Messitte on 11/14/2017. (c/m 11/15/17 jnls, Deputy Clerk) [Transferred from Maryland on 11/16/2017.]
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
JAY CHALLA, Chairman
NAR KOPPULA, President of Ace Info
ALAN KAUFAX, Project Manager
MARY KHATTAK, Human Resources
CIVIL ACTION NO. PJM-17-3077
On October 19, 2017, Plaintiff, a resident of Falls Church, Virginia, filed the instant
employment discrimination Complaint against Defendants, Virginia residents, alleging that he
was terminated from his employment based upon his race, religion, national origin, and
disability. Plaintiff invokes federal district court diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332.
ECF No. 1-5. For reasons to follow, the Complaint shall be transferred to the United States
District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia.1
Defendants are all located in Virginia and, according to the Right to Sue letter submitted
by Plaintiff, the party to the underlying discrimination charge was based in Virginia. ECF Nos. 1
& 1-4. There is no diversity among the parties.
Under Title 28 U.S.C. § 1391 (b), a civil action may be brought in--
Plaintiff has filed Motions for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis and for Appointment
of an Attorney. ECF Nos. 3 & 4. A decision on these Motions shall be stayed pending review
by the transferee court.
(1) a judicial district in which any defendant resides, if all defendants are residents
of the State in which the district is located;
(2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving
rise to the claim occurred, or a substantial part of property that is the subject of
the action is situated; or
(3) if there is no district in which an action may otherwise be brought as provided
in this section, any judicial district in which any defendant is subject to the court's
personal jurisdiction with respect to such action.
In enacting § 1391(b), it is evident that Congress did not intend to provide for venue at
the residence of the plaintiff or to give that party an unfettered choice among different districts.
Rather, Congress intended to restrict venue to “either the residence of the defendants or to ‘a
place which may be more convenient to the litigants'- i.e., both of them-‘or to the witnesses who
are to testify in the case.’ ” Leroy v. Great Western United, 443 U.S. 173, 185 (1979). In most
cases, the purpose of a statutorily specified venue statute is to protect the defendant against the
risk that a plaintiff will select an unfair or inconvenient place for trial. Id. at 183–84.
The named Defendants are located in Virginia, as is Plaintiff. Plaintiff's employment
discrimination claims should be brought in the Eastern District of Virginia. 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a).
See In re Carefirst of Maryland, Inc., 305 F.3d 253, 255–256 (4th Cir. 2002) (transfer of case
under § 1406(a) to any district which would have had venue if the case was originally brought in
that district); Waytes v. City of Charlottesville, 153 F.3d 725 (4th Cir. 1998) (when confronted
with a case laying venue in the wrong district, district court is statutorily obligated to dismiss the
case unless transferring the case to a district where the action could have been brought is in the
interest of justice).
Based on the Court’s finding in the current action, transfer will occur pursuant to §
1406(a) to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia for all further
proceedings. A separate Order follows.
PETER J. MESSITTE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
November 14, 2017
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