Ostergren v. McDonnell
REPLY to Response to Motion re 39 MOTION in Limine filed by Betty J. Ostergren. (Glenberg, Rebecca)
Ostergren v. McDonnell
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Richmond Division BETTY J. OSTERGREN, Plaintiff, v. ROBERT F. McDONNELL, in his official capacity as Attorney General of Virginia, Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
Civil No. 3:08cv362
REPLY IN SUPPORT OF MOTION IN LIMINE In reply to Defendant's Response to Plaintiff's Motion in Limine, the plaintiff, by counsel, states as follows: 1. The Court May Not Take Judicial Notice of Baadhio's Statement about Plaintiff's Website Rule 201 allows the Court to take judicial notice of a fact that is "capable of accurate and ready determination by resort to sources whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned." The defendant suggests that the plea agreement is such a "fact" because it was filed electronically in the United States District Court in Connecticut. Certainly, the Court may take judicial notice of the fact that the plea agreement is filed, and perhaps even of the fact that Baadhio intends to plead guilty to a certain offense. The "source" for these facts is the Electronic Filing System in the District of Connecticut, and plaintiff does not question that that system accurately receives and dockets documents received from parties. But this does not mean that the Court may judicially notice as fact every statement within the plea agreement. The "source" for the statement that Baadhio used social security numbers obtained from www.thevirginiawatchdog.com is not the court,
but Baadhio himself. As someone who is not only pleading guilty to fraud in this instance but, according to the plea agreement itself, has been convicted multiple times of fraud and theft. This is not a source "whose accuracy cannot reasonably be questioned." 2. Baadhio's Statement about Defendant's Website is a Business Record. A hearsay statement may be admitted if it is a "a memorandum, report, record, or data compilation . . . of acts, events, conditions, opinions, or diagnoses, made at or near the time by or from information transmitted by, a person with knowledge, if kept in the regular course of a regularly conducted business activity." Fed. R. Evid. 803(6). Even if, as defendant argues, government records may in some instances be business records, the plea agreement and particularly Baadhio's statement about obtaining social security numbers from the website -- simply does not fit this description. The statement was not
made "at or near the time of the event"; Baadhio's alleged access of social security numbers from the website took place in November 2006, while the plea agreement is dated January 30, 2009. Nor was the statement made as part of a "regularly conducted business activity." Instead, it was made as part of a highly individualized bargain that Baadhio made with the aim of seeking the best possible deal for himself. 3. The Statement Does Not Fall Within the "Statement Against Interest" Exception or the Residual Hearsay Exception. The defendant has not cited a single case in which statements in a plea agreement especially statements that do not themselves directly inculpate the declarant have been admitted under Rule 804(3). As noted earlier, when such statements "were made pursuant to a plea agreement that served to substantially reduce the pleader's criminal liability" they "provide no great indicia of reliability." S.E.C. v. Healthsouth Corp., 261 F.Supp.2d 1298, 1329 (N.D. Ala. 2003).
For the same reason, the statement should not be admitted under Rule 807, the residual exception. Non-inculpatory statements made in the course of a plea agreements have no "guarantees of trustworthiness." This is especially true where, as here, the declarant himself admits that, in the past, he has provided false information to law enforcement in an attempt to obtain a reduced sentence. (Baadhio Plea Agreement at 15 ¶ 4.) CONCLUSION For the foregoing reasons, the plaintiff respectfully requests that her motion in limine be granted and that the plea agreement of Randy Baadio, or any part of it, be excluded from evidence. Respectfully submitted, BETTY J. OSTERGREN By: _________/s/____________ Rebecca K. Glenberg (VSB No. 44099) American Civil Liberties Union of Virginia Foundation, Inc. 530 E. Main Street, Suite 310 Richmond, Virginia 23219 (804) 644-8080 (804) 649-2733 (FAX) firstname.lastname@example.org Frank M. Feibelman VSB #13877 Cooperating Attorney for the ACLU of Virginia 5206 Markel Rd., Suite 102 Richmond, Virginia 23230 (804) 355-1300 FAX: (804) 355-4684
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE I hereby certify that on this 12th day of February, 2009, I electronically filed the foregoing with the Clerk of Court using the CM/ECF system, which will send a notification of such filing to the following: James V. Ingold Office of the Attorney General 900 E. Main Street Richmond, Virginia 23219 JIngold@oag.state.va.us
/s/ Rebecca K. Glenberg (VSB No. 44099) American Civil Liberties Union of Virginia Foundation, Inc. 530 E. Main Street, Suite 310 Richmond, Virginia 23219 (804) 644-8080 (804) 649-2733 (FAX) email@example.com
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