United States of America v. Carter et al

Filing 36

MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge M. Hannah Lauck on 09/18/2017. (tjoh, )

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Richmond Division UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, V. Civil Action No. 3:16cv674 LEWIS F. CARTER, et al. Defendants. MEMORANDUM OPINION This matter comes before the Court on the Defendants Lewis F. Carter ("Carter"), Mary Carter ("Mary"), and Bobby Carter's ("Bobby") (collectively, "the Carters"), all proceeding pro se,^ multiple pending motions to dismiss purportedly brought under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(l),^ 12(b)(2),^ 12(b)(6),'^ and 12(h)(3)^ (collectively, the "Motions to Dismiss"), (ECF Nos. 7, 8, 9, 18); the Carters' Motion to "Take Judicial Notice of Law" (the "Judicial Notice Motion"), (ECF No. 17); the United States' Motion for Summary Judgment, (ECF No. 21); the Carters' "Demand for Due Process Hearing" (the "Due Process Demand"), (ECF No. ' "District courts have a duty to construe pro se pleadings liberally." Blankenship v. Am. Fed. Gov't Empls., No. 3:15cv294, 2016 WL 1276425, at *2 (E.D. Va. Mar. 30, 2016) (citing Bracey v. Buchanan^ 55 F. Supp. 2d 416, 421 (E.D. Va. 1999)). ^"[A] party may assert the following defense[ ] by motion: (1) lack of subject-matter jurisdiction." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1). ^"[A] party may assert the following defenses by motion:,.. lack ofpersonal jurisdiction ...Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(2). ^Rule 12(b)(6) provides that a party may move to dismiss a complaint for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6). ^Rule 12(h)(3) states that "[i]fthe court determines at any time that it lacks subjectmatter jurisdiction, the court must dismiss the action." Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3).

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