Redd v. Wilson
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge John A. Gibney, Jr. on 09/14/2017. Copy mailed to Petitioner. (walk, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
KUNTA K. REDD,
Civil Action No. 3:17CV393
Kunta K. Redd, a federal inmate proceeding pro se, submitted a 28 U.S.C. § 2241
Petition ("§ 2241 Petition").
For the reasons set forth below, the §2241 Petition will be
dismissed for want ofjurisdiction.
Redd was convicted in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North
Carolina ("the Sentencing Court") of distribution of in excess of fifty (50) grams of cocaine base
and was sentenced to 188 months of imprisonment. (§ 2241 Pet. 3.) The Sentencing Court
previously has denied a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion filed by Redd. United States v. Reddy 519 F.
App'x 173(4th Cir. 2013). In his present § 2241, Redd contends that he was improperly
sentenced and deserves to be resentenced.
A motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 "provides the primary means of collateral attack"
on the imposition of a federal conviction and sentence, and such motion must be filed with the
sentencing court. See Pack v. Yusuff, 218 F.3d448,451 (5th Cir. 2000) (quoting Coxv. Warden,
Fed. Det. Ctr., 911 F.2d 1111,1113 (5th Cir. 1990)). A federal inmate may not proceed under
28 U.S.C. § 2241 unless he demonstrates that the remedy afforded by 28 U.S.C. § 2255 "is
inadequate orineffective to test the legality ofhis detention." 28 U.S.C. § 2255(e).' "For
example, attacks on the execution of a sentence are properly raised in a § 2241 petition." In re
Vial, 115 F.3d 1192, 1194 n.5 (4th Cir. 1997) (citing Bradshaw v. Story, 86 F.3d 164, 166 (10th
Cir. 1996); Hanahan v. Luther, 693 F.2d 629, 632 n.l (7th Cir. 1982)). Nevertheless, the United
States Courtof Appeals for the Fourth Circuit has emphasized that "the remedy afforded by
§ 2255 is not rendered inadequate or ineffective merely because an individual has beenunable to
obtain relief under that provision or because an individual is procedurally barred from filing a
§2255 motion." In re Vial, 115 F.3d at 1194 n.5 (citations omitted).^
The Fourth Circuit has stressed that an inmate may proceed under § 2241 to challenge his
conviction "in only very limited circumstances." United States v. Poole, 531 F.3d 263, 269 (4th
Cir. 2008) (citation omitted) (internal quotation marks omitted). The "controlling test," id., in
the Fourth Circuit is as follows:
[Section] 2255 is inadequate and ineffective to test the legality of a conviction
when: (1) at the time of conviction, settled law of this circuit or the Supreme
Court established the legality of the conviction; (2) subsequent to the prisoner's
direct appeal and first § 2255 motion, the substantive law changed such that the
conduct of which the prisoner was convicted is deemed not to be criminal; and
(3) the prisoner cannot satisfy the gatekeeping provisions of § 2255 because the
new rule is not one of constitutional law.
In re Jones, 226 F.3d 328, 333-34 (4th Cir. 2000) (emphasis added). The Fourth Circuit
formulated this test to provide a remedy for the "fundamental defect presented by a situation in
' "This 'inadequate and ineffective' exception is known as the 'savings clause' to [the]
limitations imposed by § 2255." Wilson v. Wilson, No. I:llcv645 (TSE/TCB), 2012
WL 1245671, at *3 (E.D. Va. Apr. 12, 2012) (quoting In re Jones, 226 F.3d 328, 333 (4th Cir.
^ Redd cannot avoid the bar on filing successive 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motions by suggesting
he is filing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. "Call it a motion for a
new trial, arrest of judgment, mandamus, prohibition, coram nobis, coram vobis, audit
querela... , the name makes no difference. It is substance that controls." Melton v. United
States, 359 F.3d 855, 857 (7th Cir. 2004) (citing Thurman v. Gramley, 97 F.3d 185, 186-87 (7th
which an individual is incarceratedfor conduct that is not criminal but, through no fault of his
own, has no source of redress." Id. at 333 n.3 (emphasis added).
Redd fails to satisfy the second prong of In re Jones. See id. at 334. Redd fails to
demonstrate that "subsequent to [his] direct appeal and [his] first § 2255 motion, the substantive
law changed such that the conduct of which [he] was convicted is deemed not to be criminal.'"
Id. (emphasis added). The conduct of which Redd stands convicted, distribution of 50 grams or
more of cocaine base, is still criminal. Instead, Redd seeks to proceed by § 2241 to challenge his
purportedly illegal sentence. However, the "Fourth Circuit.. . has . . . not extended the reach of
the savings clause to those petitioners challenging only their sentence." Poole, 531 F.3d at 267
n.7 (citing In re Jones, 226 F.3d at 333-34). Because Redd fails to demonstrate that § 2255 is
inadequate and ineffective to test the legality of his conviction, he may not proceed under
§ 2241. Accordingly, the § 2241 Petition (ECF No. 1) will be DISMISSED FOR WANT OF
JURISDICTION. The Court will deny a certificate of appealability.
An appropriate Final Orderwill accompany this Memorandum Opinion.
United States Di
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