Pineda-Mendez v. United States of America
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge John A. Gibney, Jr. on 9/28/2017. (sbea, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
Civil Action No. 3:17CV602
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Petitioner, a federal prisoner incarcerated in Washington, Mississippi, was convicted of
illegal re-entry after deportation in this Court, and was sentenced on October 22, 2004. United
States V. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:04CR185 (E.D. Va. Oct. 22, 2004), ECF No. 29.
Memorandum Opinion and Order entered on April 14, 2006, the Court denied a motion to vacate
under 28 U.S.C. § 2255. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:04CR185 (E.D. Va. Apr. 14, 2006), ECF Nos.
On May 29, 2009, pursuant to a guilty plea, Petitioner was yet again convicted of illegal
re-entry after deportation for an aggravated felony and the Court sentenced him to seventy-two
months of incarceration with a three-year term of supervised release. United States v. Pineda-
Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. May 29, 2009), ECF No. 13. The United States Court of
Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. filed July 1,
2010), ECF No. 21, 22. On July 22, 2015, the United States Probation Office filed a Petition on
Supervised Release because Petitioner violated the terms ofhis supervised release by illegally reentering the United States in Texas. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. filed July 22,
2015), ECF No. 24. On January 15, 2016, the Court found Petitioner guilty of violating the
terms and conditions of his supervised release, revoked his supervised release, and sentenced
him to twenty-four months of incarceration to be served consecutive to the sentence imposed for
his conviction for illegal re-entry by the United States District Court for the Southern District of
Texas. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. Jan. 15,2016), ECF No. 36.
Petitioner appealed. The Fourth Circuit granted the parties' Unopposed Motion to
Remand, vacated Petitioner's sentence, and remanded for a complete resentencing,
Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. filed July 12, 2016), ECF Nos. 42, 43. On remand, the Court
again sentenced Petitioner to twenty-four months of incarceration to be served consecutive to the
sentence imposed for his conviction for illegal re-entry in Texas.
No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. Oct. 20, 2016), ECF No. 52. On May 3, 2017, the Fourth Circuit
affirmed. Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:08CR517 (E.D. Va. filed May 3, 2017), ECF No. 60, 61.
On August 28, 2017, the Court received from Petitioner a petition for writ of habeas
corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Because Petitioner seeks to challenge his conviction and
sentence in Pineda-Mendez, No. 3:08CR517, he may only proceed under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.
A motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 provides the primary means of collateral attack
on the imposition of a federal conviction and sentence. See Pack v. Yusuff, 218 F.3d 448, 451
(5th Cir. 2000) (quoting Cox v. Warden, Fed. Det. Ctr., 911 F.2d 1111, 1113 (5th Cir. 1990));
see Melton v. United States, 359 F.3d 855, 857 (7th Cir. 2004). Petitioner's current action may
not proceed under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 unless he demonstrates that the remedy afforded by 28
U.S.C. § 2255 is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention. See Swain v.
Pressley, 430 U.S. 372, 381 (1977); In Re Vial, 115 F.3d 1192, 1194 (4th Cir. 1997) (en banc).
A petition pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 must be filed in the district in which the petitioner is
currently incarcerated. San-Miguel v. Dove, 291 F.3d 257, 259 (4th Cir. 2002). To the extent
that Petitioner wishes to proceed under Section 2241, he must file his petition in the district
where he is currently incarcerated.
If Petitioner wishes to invoke this Court's jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, he must
do so unequivocally and in accordance with the rules governing such actions. Cf. UnitedStates
V. Emmanuel, 288 F.3d 644, 649 (4th Cir. 2002) (requiring that the district court advise inmates
of the consequences of filing a § 2255 motion prior to converting a mislabeled post-conviction
motion into a motion pursuant to § 2255). Any motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 must conform to
the requirements imposed by the rules governing such motions, and be sworn to under penalty of
perjury. Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings for the United States District Courts, Rule
2(b). The Court will process a request for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 upon receipt of the
properly completed forms seeking such relief Accordingly, the Clerk is DIRECTED to mail
Petitioner the forms for filing a motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255.
The Court will take no further action on Petitioner's claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
The 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition and the action will be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
An appropriate Order shall issue.
United States District J
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