Castle v. Colvin
OPINION. Signed by Magistrate Judge Pamela Meade Sargent on 08/11/2017. (Bordwine, Robin)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
BIG STONE GAP DIVISION
GREGORY ALLEN CASTLE,
NANCY A. BERRYHILL,1
Acting Commissioner of
Civil Action No. 2:13cv00047
By: PAMELA MEADE SARGENT
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
In this social security action, I am asked to rule on a motion for an attorney’s
fee, (Docket Item No. 25) (“the Motion”). Based on the reasoning set out below,
the Motion will be granted.
Gregory Allen Castle, (“Castle”), filed this action challenging the final
decision of the Commissioner of Social Security, (“Commissioner”), denying his
claim for a period of disability and disability insurance benefits, (“DIB”), and
supplemental security income, (“SSI”), under the Social Security Act, as amended,
(“Act”), 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 423 and 1381 et seq.
(West 2011 & West 2012).
Jurisdiction of this court exists pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) and 1383(c)(3).
The Commissioner answered the suit, filing the administrative record. Thereafter,
the court, by order and judgment entered January 6, 2015, vacated the
Commissioner’s decision denying benefits and remanded the case to the
Commissioner for further consideration. (Docket Item Nos. 23, 24.) Counsel for
Nancy A. Berryhill became the Acting Commissioner of Social Security on January 23,
2017. Berryhill is substituted for Carolyn W. Colvin, the previous Acting Commissioner of
Castle filed a petition seeking approval of a fee of $6,000.00 for representing
Castle in this court, pursuant to 42 U.S.C.A. § 406(b). (Docket Item No. 25.)
Pursuant to an order from the court, the Commissioner responded to the Motion on
August 7, 2017. (Docket Item No. 27.) In this response, the Commissioner stated
that she did not object to the award of an attorney’s fee in the amount of $6,000.00.
In proceedings under title II of the Act, the court is authorized to determine
and allow a “reasonable [attorney’s] fee . . . not in excess of 25 percent of the total
of the past-due benefits to which the claimant is entitled . . . .” 42 U.S.C.A. §
406(b)(1)(A) (West 2011 & Supp. 2016). The Fourth Circuit, construing the
legislative history, has held that the 25 percent limit includes any separate fee
authorized by the Commissioner for services rendered in the administrative
proceedings. See Morris v. Soc. Sec. Admin., 689 F.2d 495, 497 (4th Cir. 1982)
(per curiam). Here, the Social Security Administration has not awarded a fee for
services performed before it.
The Supreme Court has held that a district court, in determining a fee under
§ 406(b)(1)(A), must consider the fee arrangement between the client and the
attorney, including a contingency fee arrangement, as the first step in testing the
requested fee for reasonableness. See Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 808
(2002). Castle’s counsel has not provided the court with a fee agreement in this
case, but a review of the record shows that such an agreement was entered into
between counsel and Castle on February 23, 2011. See Civil Action No.
2:13cv00047 (Docket Item No. 7-1 at 88.) More specifically, in a document
entitled “Fee Approval Prior To The Issuance Of A Decision,” Castle agreed, in
the event of a favorable Social Security Administration decision on his claims, to
pay counsel a fee of the lesser of 25 percent of all past-due benefits awarded to him
and his family or the dollar amount established pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §
406(a)(2)(A), which, at that time, was $6,000.00. Among other things, counsel has
provided the court with a copy of the Social Security Administration’s March 22,
2017, Notice of Change in Benefits Letter, which states that Castle was entitled to
$76,635.00 in past-due benefits and that it had withheld $19,158.75, or 25 percent,
from Castle’s past-due benefits for payment of an attorney’s fee. (Docket Item No.
25-1 at 25-29.) This Notice also indicates that, pursuant to a fee agreement,
counsel could not charge Castle more than $6,000.00 for his representation of him.
Also, in determining a reasonable fee, courts should consider whether
counsel’s actions contributed to a delay allowing an accumulation of past-due
benefits or whether the benefits awarded are large in comparison to the amount of
time expended by the attorney. See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 808. Furthermore, it
appears proper for the court to consider the so-called “lodestar” method of fee
determination, whereby a reasonable fee is determined by multiplying the number
of hours reasonably expended on the litigation by a reasonable hourly rate, to
assess the reasonableness of the agreed fee. See Gisbrecht, 535 U.S. at 801-02
(quoting Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983)) (“[t]he most useful
starting point for [court determination of] the amount of a reasonable fee … is the
number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation multiplied by a reasonable
hourly rate.”); see also Blanchard v. Bergeron, 489 U.S. 87, 94 (1989). Also, the
fee petitioner bears the burden of justifying a requested fee. See Blum v. Stenson,
465 U.S. 886, 895 n.11 (1984).
In the present case, Castle’s counsel has supplied evidence that shows that a
total of 22.5 hours was spent in representing Castle in this court. Counsel did not
designate which of those hours were for services performed by an attorney and
which were performed by paralegals, nor did he suggest an appropriate hourly fee
for either the attorney’s services or paralegal services rendered in this case.
The court notes that “it is not proper to award a full attorney rate for
activities that should more effectively be performed by nonlawyers.” Chapman v.
Astrue, 2009 WL 3764009, at *1 (W.D. Va. Nov. 9, 2009) (citing Spell v.
McDaniel, 824 F.2d 1380, 1401-02 (4th Cir. 1987)). Additionally, “purely clerical
tasks are ordinarily a part of a law office’s overhead and should not be
compensated for at all.” Chapman, 2009 WL 3764009, at *1 (citing Keith v.
Volpe, 644 F. Supp. 1312, 1316 (C.D. Cal. 1986)). In Chapman, this court found
that it is proper to award a reduced hourly rate for nonattorney time spent “on the
theory that their work contributed to their supervising attorney’s work product, was
traditionally done and billed by attorneys, and could be done effectively by
nonattorneys under supervision for a lower rate, thereby lowering overall litigation
costs.” 2009 WL 3764009, at *1 (quoting Cook v. Brown, 68 F.3d 447, 453 (Fed.
Keeping these principles in mind, an examination of the itemized record
submitted by counsel in this case makes clear that some of the time should be
reduced or eliminated. Additionally, there are other billed activities that would
more appropriately have been included at a nonattorney rate or are excessive.
Plaintiff’s counsel claims 3.00 hours of time for preparation of the Complaint,
Summons and Civil Cover Sheet and 1.00 hour of time for electronically filing the
same and the IFP application with this court. I will allow .75 hour of nonattorney
time for these activities combined. Counsel claims 1.00 hour of time for mailing
the Complaint and Summons to Regional Chief Counsel, the U.S. Attorney and the
Attorney General, .50 hour of time for receipt of the return of service on these
items and 1.00 hour of time for submission of the certified mail receipts. I will
allow .75 hour of nonattorney time for these activities combined. Counsel also
claims .25 hour of time for receipt and review of the Briefing Notice. I will allow
.25 hour of nonattorney time for this. Counsel also claims .50 hour of time for
submission of the Consent to Magistrate Judge Jurisdiction form and .25 hour of
time for receipt and review of the Order referring the case to the Magistrate Judge.
I will allow .25 hour of attorney time and .25 hour of nonattorney time for these
activities combined. Counsel claims 1.00 hour of time for receipt and review of the
administrative transcript. I find this request reasonable and will allow 1.00 hour of
attorney time for this. Counsel claims 8.00 hours of time for preparation of the
Motion for Summary Judgment and Brief in Support. I will allow 5.00 hours of
attorney time and 3.00 hours of nonattorney time for this. Counsel claims 1.00
hour of time for electronically filing the same. I will allow .25 hour of nonattorney
time for this. Counsel also claims 1.00 hour of time for receipt and review of the
Commissioner’s Motion for Summary Judgment and Brief in Support. I find this
request reasonable, and I will allow 1.00 hour of attorney time for this. Counsel
claims 1.00 hour of time for receipt and review of the Order and Judgment
remanding the case to the Commissioner. I will allow .25 hour of attorney time for
this. Lastly, counsel claims 3.00 hours of time for preparation of the Fee Petition
currently before the court. I will allow 1.00 hour of attorney time and .50 hour of
nonattorney time for this.
Based on the revisions stated above, the fee computation is divisible into two
categories of costs: attorney time and nonattorney time. There is a total of 8.5
hours of attorney time and a total of 5.75 hours of nonattorney time. This court has
held that $75 is a reasonable hourly rate for nonattorney time. See Chapman, 2009
WL 3764009, at *2 (citing Alexander S. v. Boyd, 113 F.3d 1373, 1377 n.1 (4th Cir.
1997) (paralegal services compensated at $65 per hour where lead counsel
compensated at $225 per hour and associate counsel at $100 per hour). At a $75
rate, $431.25 of the requested fee would be payable for nonattorney time. That
would leave $5,568.75 for counsel’s time, which, if paid for the remaining 8.5
hours of work, would result in a payment of approximately $655.15 per hour.
While I cannot, in good conscience, find that such an hourly fee in a social security
disability case is per se reasonable, I am, as stated above, obliged to consider
Castle’s fee agreement, which allowed for payment of the lesser amount of 25
percent of past-due benefits or $6,000.00. Here, 25 percent of Castle’s past-due
benefits amounts to $19,158.75. Therefore, under the terms of the fee agreement,
counsel cannot charge Castle more than $6,000.00 for an attorney’s fee. The
amount requested equals the $6,000.00 cap on attorney’s fees in this case. There is
no evidence that counsel’s actions contributed to a delay allowing an accumulation
of past-due benefits. Additionally, the Government does not object to the award of
the requested fee. Lastly, as alluded to above, the requested fee falls beneath the
statutory 25 percent cap. Considering these things, and in light of the fact that
counsel undertook this case under a contingency fee arrangement, assuming the
risk of no payment if benefits were not awarded, I find that a total fee of $6,000.00
is reasonable for the attorney’s services before this court.
For the foregoing reasons, the Motion will be granted and a judgment will be
entered awarding the plaintiff’s attorney a fee of $6,000.00.
DATED: August 11, 2017.
Pamela Meade Sargent
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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