Pinnacle Bank v. Bluestone Energy Sales Corporation et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 11/14/17. (sas)
CLERK'S OFFICE U.S.DIST. COURT
AT ROANOKE; VA ·
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICt OF VIRGINIA
ROANOKE DIVISION 1
BLUESTONE ENERGY SALES
CORPORATION, et al.,
Civil Action No. 7:17CV00395
By: Hon. Glen E. Conrad
United States District Judge
· ,,,~ )).
Plaintiff Pinnacle Bank (''Pinnacle") brought this interpleader action against defendant
United States of .·America and defendants Bluestone Energy Sales Corporation ("Bluestone");
A&G Coal Corporation; Dynamic Energy, Inc.; Justice Management Services, LLC; Kentucky
Fuel Corporation, Inc.: Nin(;! Mile Mining, Inc.; and Tams Management, Inc. (collectively, the
"Bluestone Defendants"). The case is presently before the court on a motion to intervene filed
by Carter Bank and Trust ("Carter Bank"). For the reasons that follow, the motion will be
On. August 22, 2017, Pinnacle filed this interpleader action against
Defendants and the United States seeking permission from this court to deposit certain disputed
funds into the registry of ~e court; a determination as to how to disburse those funds, and related
relief. On October 4, 2017, before any defendant filed an answer or motion to dismiss, Carter
Bank filed a motion for leave to intervene as a defendant in this case. Carter Bank alleges it has
a first and prime perf'ected security interest in the disputed funds and it seeks to protect that
Pinnacle Bank takes no position on the motion to intervene, and the Bluestone
Defendants have asserted that they do not oppose the motion.
The United States has not
responded to the motion.
Carter Bank argues that it is entitled to intervene as a matter of right under Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 24(a), or alternatively, that the court should permit it to intervene under Rule
24(b). Because t~e court will exercise its discretion to allow Cap:er Bank to intervene under
Rule 24(b), the court need not decidr whether Carter Bank is entitled to i~tervene as a matter of
right. See United States ex rel. .MPA Constr.. Jnc. v. XL Specialty Ins. Co., 349 F. Supp. 2d 934,
938 (D. Md. 2004).
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit generally recognizes that
"liberal intervention is desirable to dispose of as much of a controversy involving as many
apparently concerned persons as is compatible with efficiency and due process." Feller v. Brock,
. 802 F.2d 722, 729 (4th Cir. 1986) (internal quotation marks omitted). Where a movant seeks
permission to intervene under Rule 24(b), it must establish each of the following elements: (1)
that its motion is timely; (2) that its claims or defenses have a question of law or fact in common
with the main action; and (3) that intervention will not result in undue delay or prejudice to the
existing parties. Wright v. Krispy Kreme Doughnuts, Inc., 231 F.R.D. 475, 479 (M.D.N.C.
2005) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 24(b)).
First, the court believes that Carter Bank satisfies the timeliness requirement. Carter
Bank moved to intervene approximately a month and a half after Pinnacle filed the interpleader
complaint. Accordingly, the case hasnot neared its end, and resolving it will not be "derail[ed]"
if Carter Bank is permitted to intervene.
Scardelletti v. Debarr, 265 F.3d 195, 202 (4th Cir.
2001), reversed .on other grounds sub nom., Devlin v. Scardelletti, 536 U.S. 1, 14 (2002)
(internal quotation marks omitted); see also United.States v. Virginia, 282 F.R.D. 403, 405 (E.D.
Va. 20 12) ("Where a case has not progressed beyond the initial pleading stage, a motion to
intervene is timely.").
Second, Carter Bank has a defense that shares a common question of law or fact with the
original action. As with the Bluestone Defendants, Carter Bank seeks a ruling that the disputed
· funds belong to Bluestone.
Third, the court does not· believe that Carter Bank's involvement in this action will
unduly prejudice the existing parties. Because Carter Bank's interest "largelyoverlap[s] with the
. legal and factual issues that are already present in the main action,'' the additiop. of Carter Bank
"is not likely to significantly complicate the proceedings or l:lllduly expand the scope of any
discovery in this case." United States v. North Carolina, No. 1:16CV425, 2016 WL 3626386, at
*3 (M.D.N.C. June 29, 2016). Similarly, the court has found no reason to believe that Carter
Bank's participation in the case would cause undue delay. Indeed, Carter Bank has made clear
that it does not intend to alter the current schedule for resolution of this matter.
For these reasons, and in keeping with the Fourth Circuit's policy in favor of liberal
intervention, the court will grant Carter Bank's motion to intervene.
The Clerk is directed to send copies of this memorandum opinion and the accompanying
order to all counsel of record.
DATED: This __!_I_ day ofNovember, 2017.
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?