Hagelin v. Caudill
OPINION and ORDER denying 12 Motion for Immediate Transfer and/or move to Single Cell ; denying 16 Motion to never be transferred to River North; denying 17 Motion for Writ of Mandamus; denying 2 Motion for Preliminary Injunction. The Ward en of Wallens Ridge State Prison is DIRECTED to make every effort to preserve any available surveillance camera footage of D1-102 from July 15, 2020, 8:45 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. until this litigation is completed. Signed by Judge James P. Jones on 7/15/2021. (Opinion and Order mailed to Pro Se Party via US Mail)(slt)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA
DAVID ALLEN HAGELIN,
Case No. 7:21CV00077
OPINION AND ORDER
By: James P. Jones
United States District Judge
David Allen Hagelin, Pro Se Plaintiff.
The plaintiff, David Allen Hagelin, a Virginia inmate proceeding pro se, filed
this civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that a prison official at
Wallens Ridge State Prison (“Wallens Ridge”) used excessive force against him and
failed to accept his evidence as “a ‘material witness’ in a 1986 Federal Capital
Murder for Hire in Manson, Maine.” Compl. 2, ECF No. 1. After review of the
record, I find that Hagelin’s subsequent submissions, seeking interlocutory
injunctive relief, mandamus, or to amend his claims, must be denied.
Since filing the Complaint, Hagelin has submitted the following pleadings that
seek interlocutory injunctive relief from the court: ECF Nos. 2, 6 (a proposed
amendment to ECF 2 that I will grant), 12, and 16. Specifically, Hagelin wishes to
be transferred to a federal prison (without any evidence that he has a federal
conviction or prison sentence) or to be assigned a single cell in a mental health pod
at Wallens Ridge. Hagelin alleges that the defendant, Sergeant Caudill, and other
officers at Wallens Ridge have created a hostile environment toward him by calling
him names related to his offense conduct. He also states that he fears for his life
after Caudill allegedly said he wished Hagelin was dead.
Hagelin also claims that another inmate at Wallens Ridge, Jason Karivias, has
threatened to kill him and continually harasses him. Hagelin allegedly heard
Karivias confess that he ordered a former roommate to murder two people. Because
Hagelin promises to aid law enforcement in prosecuting Karivias for these murders,
Karivias has allegedly threatened Hagelin’s life and has repeatedly harassed him.
In another motion, Hagelin asks the court to order prison officials not to
transfer him to River North Correctional Center (“RNCC”). From information other
inmates have provided to him, he believes he will be harshly treated there in various
ways and will not be allowed to use his hearing aids or charger for eight months.
Because preliminary injunctive relief is an extraordinary remedy, the party
seeking such relief must make a clear showing “that he is likely to succeed on the
merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief,
that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public
interest.” Winter v. Nat. Res. Def. Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20 (2008). To qualify
as irreparable, the feared harm must be “neither remote nor speculative, but actual
and imminent,” Tucker Anthony Realty Corp. v. Schlesinger, 888 F.2d 969, 975 (2d
Cir. 1989),1 such that it poses a real and immediate threat, Dan River, Inc. v. Icahn,
701 F.2d 278, 283 (4th Cir. 1983).
Hagelin’s desire for transfer to a federal prison is not a form of relief that I
can grant. The Virginia Department of Corrections (“VDOC”) and the Federal
Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) are tasked with determining the appropriate detention
facility for each prisoner in their custody. It is not the court’s province to assign
inmates to one prison system over the other, or one facility over another. See, e.g.,
Barden v. Keohane, 921 F.2d 476, 483 (3d Cir. 1990) (holding BOP, not court, has
authority to designate place of confinement for purposes of serving federal sentences
of imprisonment). Therefore, to the extent Hagelin seeks transfer to a federal prison,
I must deny his motions.
For similar reasons, I also find an insufficient basis for a court order to prohibit
Hagelin’s transfer to RNCC. The court simply does not decide where VDOC
officials can house the inmates in their custody. Moreover, by Hagelin’s own
admission, his fears of RNCC are conclusory and based on hearsay from officers
and inmates. He also states no facts suggesting an imminent risk that he will be
transferred there or that such a transfer would cause him irreparable harm.
I have omitted internal quotation marks, citations, and alterations here and
throughout this Opinion, unless otherwise noted.
Hagelin’s motions also concern his fears about Inmate Karivias. This issue,
however, is completely unrelated to Sergeant Caudill, the only defendant in this
§ 1983 action. “[A] preliminary injunction may never issue to prevent an injury or
harm which not even the moving party contends was caused by the wrong claimed
in the underlying action.” Omega World Travel v. Trans World Airlines, 111 F.3d
14, 16 (4th Cir. 1997). To warrant interlocutory relief, the movant “must necessarily
establish a relationship between the injury claimed in the party’s motion and the
conduct asserted in the complaint.” Id. Hagelin does not allege that Caudill is aware
of Karivias’ alleged past threats and harassment to Hagelin, or that Caudill knows
of Karivias’ alleged murderous acts or any other reason this inmate may pose a
serious risk of harm to other inmates. There is also no indication that Caudill is
responsible for designating when certain inmates should be kept apart from each
Because Caudill’s misconduct alleged in the Complaint has no causal
relationship to Karivias’ threats to Hagelin’s safety, I cannot find that preliminary
injunctive relief is warranted on this topic in this case. Hagelin is advised to share
information directly with prison officials about any person or condition that he
believes threatens his safety.
Hagelin’s submissions also include his demand for a “writ of mandamus to
compel the FBI [Federal Bureau of Investigation] to investigate Hagelin’s assertion
that he is a material witness in the Manson, Maine Federal Capital Murder.” Pet.
Mandamus 6, ECF No. 17. Mandamus is an “extraordinary” remedy and will only
issue where “the alleged duty to act involves a mandatory or ministerial obligation
which is so plainly prescribed as to be free of doubt.” First Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass’n
of Durham v. Baker (In re First Fed. Sav. & Loan Ass’n of Durham), 860 F.2d 135,
138 (4th Cir. 1988). For the issuance of a writ of mandamus to be proper, three
elements must coexist: “(1) the petitioner has shown a clear right to the relief sought;
(2) the respondent has a clear duty to do the particular act requested by the petitioner;
and (3) no other adequate remedy is available.” Id.
It is well established that a court cannot issue a mandamus directing the FBI
to investigate a particular matter, as Hagelin demands. See, e.g., Gant v. FBI, 992
F. Supp. 846, 848 (S.D.W. Va.), aff'’d, 155 F.3d 558 (4th Cir. 1998) (citing other
cases). Federal law provides that the FBI “may investigate” federal crimes, but this
authority creates a “discretionary rather than mandatory authority” to investigate.
Id. Because the second element required for a writ of mandamus is absent, I need
not consider the remaining elements to deny Hagelin’s mandamus request directed
to the FBI.2
Hagelin also asks the court to order preservation of the surveillance video footage
of the alleged excessive force incident at issue in this case. See Pet. Mandamus 5, ECF
No. 17. I construe this request as a request for production from the defendant, who has not
yet been served. Finding the video footage to be potentially relevant to Hagelin’s § 1983
claim, I will direct the warden of Wallens Ridge to make every effort to preserve any
available video footage of the incident.
In addition to the motions for interlocutory relief, Hagelin has submitted a
brief, untitled pleading without any clear purpose, ECF No 13.3 Among other
extraneous matters, it repeats Hagelin’s concerns about Caudill’s failure to take
seriously his account of the Manson, Maine, murders and Hagelin’s desire to speak
with law enforcement about Karivias’ confession to murder. I will construe this
submission as another attempted amendment to the Complaint, which I will deny. I
will not allow Hagelin to build his case, piecemeal, by submitting multiple repetitive
and overlapping documents, as he has been attempting to do so far. If he wishes to
add to claims or facts in support of his Complaint against Defendant Caudill, he must
submit a Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint, with a proposed
Amended Complaint attached that makes a complete and unified statement of his
claims against the defendant and the facts in support of those claims.
For the reasons stated, it is ORDERED as follows:
1. Plaintiff’s amendment, ECF No. 6, to his motion seeking interlocutory relief,
ECF No. 2, is GRANTED;
Another such submission, ECF No. 8, was construed as a motion to amend by the
magistrate judge. The magistrate judge granted the motion to the extent that it sought to
dismiss Hagelin’s claims against Counselor Rose but denied the motion as to all other
proposed additions to the Complaint. The Order, ECF No. 9, expressly advised Hagelin
that, “if he wishe[d] to amend his complaint, he should file a motion to amend with a
proposed complete, unified amended complaint containing all his claims attached to the
motion.” Hagelin has not chosen to file an Amended Complaint.
2. Plaintiff’s motions for interlocutory injunctive relief, ECF Nos. 2, 12, and 16,
3. Plaintiff’s motion seeking a writ of mandamus against the FBI, ECF No. 17,
4. The Warden of Wallens Ridge State Prison is DIRECTED to make every
effort to preserve any available surveillance camera footage of D1-102 from
July 15, 2020, 8:45 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. until this litigation is completed; and
5. Plaintiff’s motion apparently seeking to amend his Complaint, ECF No. 13, is
ENTER: July 15, 2021
/s/ JAMES P. JONES
United States District Judge
By separate Order, the court will direct the Clerk to attempt service of process of
the Complaint on the defendant.
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