Fields v. Commissioner of Social Security

Filing 18

ORDER granting in part and denying in part ECF No. 15 Plaintiff's Motion for Summary Judgment; denying ECF No. 16 Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. The matter is remanded to the Commissioner for additional proceedings consistent with this order. FILE CLOSED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Mary K. Dimke. (TR, Case Administrator)

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1 FILED IN THE U.S. DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON 2 Feb 12, 2018 3 SEAN F. MCAVOY, CLERK 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 EASTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON 6 TIMOTHY FIELDS, No. 1:17-cv-03058-MKD 7 ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT AND DENYING DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT 8 Plaintiff, vs. 9 COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, 10 Defendant. ECF Nos. 15, 16 11 12 BEFORE THE COURT are the parties’ cross-motions for summary 13 judgment. ECF Nos. 15, 16. The parties consented to proceed before a magistrate 14 judge. ECF No. 8. The Court, having reviewed the administrative record and the 15 parties’ briefing, is fully informed. For the reasons discussed below, the Court 16 grants, in part, Plaintiff’s motion (ECF No. 15) and denies Defendant’s motion 17 (ECF No. 16). 18 19 JURISDICTION The Court has jurisdiction over this case pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g), 20 1383(c)(3). 21 ORDER - 1 1 2 STANDARD OF REVIEW A district court’s review of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social 3 Security is governed by 42 U.S.C. § 405(g). The scope of review under § 405(g) is 4 limited; the Commissioner’s decision will be disturbed “only if it is not supported 5 by substantial evidence or is based on legal error.” Hill v. Astrue, 698 F.3d 1153, 6 1158 (9th Cir. 2012). “Substantial evidence” means “relevant evidence that a 7 reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion.” Id. at 1159 8 (quotation and citation omitted). Stated differently, substantial evidence equates to 9 “more than a mere scintilla[,] but less than a preponderance.” Id. (quotation and 10 citation omitted). In determining whether the standard has been satisfied, a 11 reviewing court must consider the entire record as a whole rather than searching 12 for supporting evidence in isolation. Id. 13 In reviewing a denial of benefits, a district court may not substitute its 14 judgment for that of the Commissioner. If the evidence in the record “is 15 susceptible to more than one rational interpretation, [the court] must uphold the 16 ALJ’s findings if they are supported by inferences reasonably drawn from the 17 record.” Molina v. Astrue, 674 F.3d 1104, 1111 (9th Cir. 2012). Further, a district 18 court “may not reverse an ALJ’s decision on account of an error that is harmless.” 19 Id. An error is harmless “where it is inconsequential to the [ALJ’s] ultimate 20 nondisability determination.” Id. at 1115 (quotation and citation omitted). The 21 ORDER - 2 1 party appealing the ALJ’s decision generally bears the burden of establishing that 2 it was harmed. Shinseki v. Sanders, 556 U.S. 396, 409-10 (2009). 3 4 FIVE-STEP EVALUATION PROCESS A claimant must satisfy two conditions to be considered “disabled” within 5 the meaning of the Social Security Act. First, the claimant must be “unable to 6 engage in any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable 7 physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death or which 8 has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than twelve 9 months.” 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(1)(A); 1382c(a)(3)(A). Second, the claimant’s 10 impairment must be “of such severity that he is not only unable to do his previous 11 work[,] but cannot, considering his age, education, and work experience, engage in 12 any other kind of substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy.” 13 42 U.S.C. §§ 423(d)(2)(A); 1382c(a)(3)(B). 14 The Commissioner has established a five-step sequential analysis to 15 determine whether a claimant satisfies the above criteria. See 20 C.F.R. §§ 16 404.1520(a)(4)(i)-(v); 416.920(a)(4)(i)-(v). At step one, the Commissioner 17 considers the claimant’s work activity. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(i); 18 416.920(a)(4)(i). If the claimant is engaged in “substantial gainful activity,” the 19 Commissioner must find that the claimant is not disabled. 20 C.F.R. §§ 20 404.1520(b); 416.920(b). 21 ORDER - 3 1 If the claimant is not engaged in substantial gainful activity, the analysis 2 proceeds to step two. At this step, the Commissioner considers the severity of the 3 claimant’s impairment. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(ii); 416.920(a)(4)(ii). If the 4 claimant suffers from “any impairment or combination of impairments which 5 significantly limits [his] physical or mental ability to do basic work activities,” the 6 analysis proceeds to step three. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(c); 416.920(c). If the 7 claimant’s impairment does not satisfy this severity threshold, however, the 8 Commissioner must find that the claimant is not disabled. 20 C.F.R. §§ 9 404.1520(c); 416.920(c). 10 At step three, the Commissioner compares the claimant’s impairment to 11 severe impairments recognized by the Commissioner to be so severe as to preclude 12 a person from engaging in substantial gainful activity. 20 C.F.R. §§ 13 404.1520(a)(4)(iii); 416.920(a)(4)(iii). If the impairment is as severe or more 14 severe than one of the enumerated impairments, the Commissioner must find the 15 claimant disabled and award benefits. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(d); 416.920(d). 16 If the severity of the claimant’s impairment does not meet or exceed the 17 severity of the enumerated impairments, the Commissioner must pause to assess 18 the claimant’s “residual functional capacity.” Residual functional capacity (RFC), 19 defined generally as the claimant’s ability to perform physical and mental work 20 activities on a sustained basis despite his limitations, 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1545(a)(1); 21 ORDER - 4 1 416.945(a)(1), is relevant to both the fourth and fifth steps of the analysis. 2 At step four, the Commissioner considers whether, in view of the claimant’s 3 RFC, the claimant is capable of performing work that he has performed in the past 4 (past relevant work). 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(iv); 416.920(a)(4)(iv). If the 5 claimant is capable of performing past relevant work, the Commissioner must find 6 that the claimant is not disabled. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(f); 416.920(f). If the 7 claimant is incapable of performing such work, the analysis proceeds to step five. 8 At step five, the Commissioner considers whether, in view of the claimant’s 9 RFC, the claimant is capable of performing other work in the national economy. 10 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(v); 416.920(a)(4)(v). In making this determination, 11 the Commissioner must also consider vocational factors such as the claimant’s age, 12 education and past work experience. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(a)(4)(v); 13 416.920(a)(4)(v). If the claimant is capable of adjusting to other work, the 14 Commissioner must find that the claimant is not disabled. 20 C.F.R. §§ 15 404.1520(g)(1); 416.920(g)(1). If the claimant is not capable of adjusting to other 16 work, the analysis concludes with a finding that the claimant is disabled and is 17 therefore entitled to benefits. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1520(g)(1); 416.920(g)(1). 18 The claimant bears the burden of proof at steps one through four above. 19 Tackett v. Apfel, 180 F.3d 1094, 1098 (9th Cir. 1999). If the analysis proceeds to 20 step five, the burden shifts to the Commissioner to establish that (1) the claimant is 21 ORDER - 5 1 capable of performing other work; and (2) such work “exists in significant 2 numbers in the national economy.” 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1560(c)(2); 416.960(c)(2); 3 Beltran v. Astrue, 700 F.3d 386, 389 (9th Cir. 2012). 4 ALJ’S FINDINGS 5 Plaintiff protectively filed an application for Title II disability insurance 6 benefits and Title XVI supplemental security income benefits on July 5, 2013, 7 alleging a disability onset date of December 31, 2009. Tr. 211-23, 234. The 8 applications were denied initially, Tr. 141-56, and on reconsideration, Tr. 159-70. 9 Plaintiff appeared at a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) on June 10 30, 2015. Tr. 45-83. At this hearing, Plaintiff amended his alleged date of onset to 11 October 1, 2011. Tr. 49-51. On July 31, 2015, the ALJ denied Plaintiff’s claim. 12 Tr. 21-36. 13 At step one, the ALJ found that Plaintiff has not engaged in substantial 14 gainful activity since October 1, 2011. Tr. 24. At step two, the ALJ found 15 Plaintiff has the following severe impairments: coronary artery disease and chronic 16 bronchitis. Id. At step three, the ALJ found that Plaintiff does not have an 17 impairment or combination of impairments that meets or medically equals a listed 18 impairment. Tr. 29. The ALJ then concluded that Plaintiff has the RFC to perform 19 light work, with the following non-exertional limitations: 20 [H]e can frequently balance and climb ramps and stairs. The claimant has no limitation [in] stooping, kneeling, crouching or crawling. He 21 ORDER - 6 1 2 3 can occasionally climb ladders, ropes and scaffolds. The claimant is limited to frequent reaching, handling and fingering with the left upper extremity. He should avoid concentrated exposure to extreme cold, fumes, odors, dusts, gases, poor ventilation and hazards such as moving machinery and unprotected heights. 4 Tr. 29. At step four, the ALJ found that Plaintiff is not able to perform relevant 5 past work. Tr. 34. At step five, the ALJ found that there are other jobs that exists 6 in significant numbers in the national economy that Plaintiff could perform within 7 his assessed RFC, such as cashier II, production assembler, and cleaner 8 housekeeping. Tr. 35. On that basis, the ALJ concluded that Plaintiff was not 9 disabled as defined in the Social Security Act during the adjudicative period. Id. 10 On January 25, 2017, the Appeals Council denied review, Tr. 1-6, making 11 the Commissioner’s decision final for purposes of judicial review. See 42 U.S.C. 12 1383(c)(3); 20 C.F.R. §§ 416.1481, 422.210. 13 14 ISSUES Plaintiff seeks judicial review of the Commissioner’s final decision denying 15 him disability insurance benefits under Title II and supplemental security income 16 benefits under Title XVI of the Social Security Act. ECF No. 15. Plaintiff raises 17 the following issues for this Court’s review: 18 1. Whether the ALJ properly weighed the medical opinion evidence; 19 2. Whether the ALJ properly weighed lay witness statements; 20 3. Whether the ALJ made a proper step two determination; and 21 ORDER - 7 1 4. Whether the ALJ properly weighed Plaintiff’s symptom claims. 2 ECF No. 15 at 4. 3 DISCUSSION 4 A. Medical Opinion Evidence 5 Plaintiff contends the ALJ erred by failing to consider the opinion of Sandra 6 Elsner, LCSW, and by improperly weighing the opinions of David Lindgren, M.D. 7 and Vengopal Bellum, M.D. ECF No. 15 at 4-13. 8 There are three types of physicians: “(1) those who treat the claimant 9 (treating physicians); (2) those who examine but do not treat the claimant 10 (examining physicians); and (3) those who neither examine nor treat the claimant 11 but who review the claimant’s file (nonexamining or reviewing physicians).” 12 Holohan v. Massanari, 246 F.3d 1195, 1201-02 (9th Cir. 2001) (brackets omitted). 13 “Generally, a treating physician’s opinion carries more weight than an examining 14 physician’s, and an examining physician’s opinion carries more weight than a 15 reviewing physician’s.” Id. “In addition, the regulations give more weight to 16 opinions that are explained than to those that are not, and to the opinions of 17 specialists concerning matters relating to their specialty over that of 18 nonspecialists.” Id. (citations omitted). 19 If a treating or examining physician’s opinion is uncontradicted, an ALJ may 20 reject it only by offering “clear and convincing reasons that are supported by 21 ORDER - 8 1 substantial evidence.” Bayliss v. Barnhart, 427 F.3d 1211, 1216 (9th Cir. 2005). 2 “However, the ALJ need not accept the opinion of any physician, including a 3 treating physician, if that opinion is brief, conclusory and inadequately supported 4 by clinical findings.” Bray, 554 F.3d at 1228 (internal quotation marks and 5 brackets omitted). “If a treating or examining doctor’s opinion is contradicted by 6 another doctor’s opinion, an ALJ may only reject it by providing specific and 7 legitimate reasons that are supported by substantial evidence.” Bayliss, 427 F.3d at 8 1216 (citing Lester, 81 F.3d at 830-31). 9 10 1. Ms. Elsner On May 11, 2012 Sandra Elsner, LCSW completed a Documentation 11 Request for Medical or Disability Condition for the Washington State Department 12 of Social and Health Services (DSHS). Tr. 531-34. On the form, Ms. Elsner stated 13 that Plaintiff had major depressive disorder and opined that Plaintiff was unable to 14 participate in work activities or activities related to preparing for and looking for 15 work by checking the box next to the number zero as the total number hours 16 Plaintiff could perform these activities. Tr. 531. She stated that Plaintiff “reports 17 problems being around people and constant rumination about past, present, and 18 future which likely interferes with ability to participate in work activities.” Id. 19 She opined that Plaintiff’s condition should be reassessed in six to twelve months. 20 Tr. 533. 21 ORDER - 9 1 Ms. Elsner does not qualify as an acceptable medical source. See 20 C.F.R. 2 §§ 404.1502, 416.902. 1 (Acceptable medical sources are licensed physicians, 3 licensed or certified psychologists, licensed optometrists, licensed podiatrists, and 4 qualified speech-language pathologists.). An ALJ is required to consider evidence 5 from non-acceptable medical sources. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(f), 416.927(f).2 An 6 ALJ must give reasons “germane” to each source in order to discount evidence 7 from non-acceptable medical sources. Ghanim v. Colvin, 763 F.3d 1154, 1161 (9th 8 Cir. 2014). 9 The ALJ’s decision fails to address Ms. Elsner’s opinion by name, by 10 exhibit, or by date. Tr. 21-36. As Plaintiff’s treating mental health counselor, Mr. 11 Elsner’s opinion constituted relevant and probative evidence that the ALJ was 12 required to discuss. See Vincent v. Heckler, 739 F.2d 1393, 1395 (9th Cir. 1984) 13 (the ALJ must explain the rejection of all relevant and probative evidence). 14 Considering Ms. Elsner’s opinion was not reflected in the RFC determination, it 15 16 1 Prior to March 27, 2017, the definition of an acceptable medical source 17 was located at 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1513, 416.913. 18 2 Prior to March 27, 2017, the requirement that an ALJ consider evidence 19 from non-acceptable medical sources was located at 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1513(d), 20 416.913(d). 21 ORDER - 10 1 was rejected without comment, which is error. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(f), 2 416.927(f).3 Defendant asserts that any error from the ALJ’s failure to address Ms. 3 Elsner’s opinion is harmless for three reasons: (1) her opinion addresses an issue 4 reserved to the ALJ; (2) she opined the condition was temporary; and (3) she is not 5 an acceptable medical source. ECF No. 16 at 9-11. These reasons are insufficient 6 to support a finding of harmless error. 7 First, Defendant asserts that Ms. Elsner’s opinion addresses an issue 8 reserved to the ALJ, so her opinion “added noting material to the analysis.” ECF 9 No. 16 at 9. Defendant is accurate that whether or not a claimant is disabled is an 10 issue reserved for the ALJ and is, therefore, not a medical opinion and not due any 11 special significance. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(d); 416.927(d). However, Ms. 12 Elsner’s opinion addressing the hours Plaintiff would be capable of performing 13 basic work activities are considered functional opinions and must be addressed by 14 15 3 Prior to March 27, 2017, the requirement to address non-acceptable 16 medical sources was reflected in S.S.R. 06-03p, 2006 WL 2329939 (August 9, 17 2006), which required Social Security to consider “all relevant evidence in the case 18 record,” including medical sources who were not considered acceptable medical 19 sources. 20 21 ORDER - 11 1 the ALJ. See Hill, 698 F.3d at 1160 (a treating physician’s statement that the 2 claimant would be “unlikely” to work full time was not a conclusory statement like 3 those described in 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(d), 416.927(d)). 4 Second, Defendant asserts that the opined limitations were temporary, and 5 therefore did not meet the durational requirement for disability. ECF No. 16 at 10. 6 Ms. Elsner did not state how long she expected Plaintiff’s condition to last, but 7 stated that he should be reassessed in six to twelve months. Tr. 533. Despite 8 Plaintiff’s assertions otherwise, the opinion gives no indication that Plaintiff’s 9 impairments were expected to improve, it simply provided treatment 10 recommendations and a recommendation to reassess Plaintiff in the future. Tr. 11 531-34. As such, the ALJ was required to address the opinion and make a 12 determination as to whether the impairments met the durational requirements. Any 13 assertion at this point that the opinion failed to meet the durational requirements is 14 a post hoc rationalization, which cannot be considered by this Court. See Orn v. 15 Astrue, 495 F.3d 625, 630 (9th Cir. 2007) (The Court will “review only the reasons 16 provided by the ALJ in the disability determination and may not affirm the ALJ on 17 a ground upon which [she] did not rely.”). 18 Third, Defendant asserts that Plaintiff is not an acceptable medical source, 19 therefore, the ALJ’s determination to discount Plaintiff’s testimony is sufficient to 20 discount Ms. Elsner’s opinion. ECF No. 16 at 10-11 (citing Molina, 674 F.3d at 21 ORDER - 12 1 1117). However, the holding in Molina only addressed lay witness testimony, not 2 the opinion of a non-acceptable medical source. 674 F.3d at 1117. Here, Ms. 3 Elsner was Plaintiff’s treating mental health counselor, Tr. 410, 416, 426-27, 4324 36, and the code recognizes situations in which a treating non-acceptable medical 5 source’s opinion as to a claimant’s functional ability may outweigh the opinion of 6 an acceptable medical source and specifically requires the ALJ to articulate the 7 weight given to such opinions. 20 C.F.R. §§ 404.1527(f), 416.927(f). 4 Therefore, 8 in this case, the Court will not extend the holding in Molina to this treating non9 acceptable medical source. The ALJ’s error in failing to address Ms. Elsner’s 10 opinion was harmful and the case is remanded for the ALJ to properly address the 11 opinion. 12 2. 13 Dr. Lindgren completed three opinions, one on February 26, 2014, Tr. 402- Dr. Lindgren 14 04, and two on March 10, 2015, Tr. 521-23, 539-41. In the February 26, 2014 15 opinion, Dr. Lindgren opined that Plaintiff would have to lay down about an hour 16 per day due to back pain. Tr. 402. He further opined that if employed at a forty 17 hour a week schedule, Plaintiff would miss four or more days per month due to his 18 medical impairments and stated he was “severely limited,” which was defined as 19 20 4 Prior to March 27, 2017, this requirement was reflected in S.S.R. 06-03p. 21 ORDER - 13 1 “[u]nable to lift at least 2 pounds or unable to stand and/or walk.” Tr. 403. 2 Additionally, he limited Plaintiff’s handling and reaching with the left upper 3 extremity to occasional. Id. He opined that these limitations had been present 4 since 1994. Tr. 404. 5 The first of the March 10, 2015 opinions appears to be the same February 6 26, 2014 opinion with the treatment and signature dates changed to March 10, 7 2015. Tr. 521-23. The second March 10, 2015 opinion is contained on a DSHS 8 form, which concluded that Plaintiff is “Severely limited,” which was also defined 9 as “[u]nable to lift at least 2 pounds or unable to stand or walk.” Tr. 539-41. 10 Despite the ultimate conclusion being the same in the two March 10, 2015 11 opinions, Dr. Lindgren also found that Plaintiff had a decreased ability to lift, that 12 he cannot sit or stand for long periods, and that he experienced exertional dyspnea 13 on the DSHS form. Tr. 539. He then limited Plaintiff to zero hours per week for 14 participating in work, looking for work, or preparing for work. Id. Additionally, 15 Dr. Lindgren found that Plaintiff’s condition was permanent. Tr. 540. 16 When addressing Dr. Lindgren’s opinions, the ALJ only addressed the 17 opinions expressed on the identical February 26, 2014 and March 10, 2015 forms 18 and gave them “very little weight.” Tr. 33. The ALJ failed to address the March 19 10, 2015 opinion expressed on a DSHS form. Id. Considering the ALJ’s decision 20 is being remanded to address an undiscussed opinion from a non-acceptable 21 ORDER - 14 1 medical source, the ALJ is further instructed to readdress all three of Dr. 2 Lindgren’s opinions specifically on remand. 3 3. 4 On January 8, 2010, Dr. Bellum completed a DSHS form opining that Dr. Bellum 5 Plaintiff could not sit or stand for prolonged periods and could not lift over ten 6 pounds. Tr. 306. He limited Plaintiff to sedentary work and stated that he could 7 perform zero hours of work related activities, including attending educational or 8 vocational classes. Id. He stated that Plaintiff’s condition would likely limit his 9 ability to work for twelve months. Tr. 307. The ALJ gave the opinion “no weight” 10 because it was considered in connection with Plaintiff’s prior claim for disability, 11 which she declined to reopen, and it was predicated on chronic pain and coronary 12 artery disease which Plaintiff failed to take medication to treat. Tr. 33. 13 Defendant is accurate in the assertion that the Ninth Circuit has found that 14 medical opinions predating the alleged onset date are of limited relevance. ECF 15 No. 16 at 8 (citing Carmickle v. Comm’r, Soc. Sec. Admin., 533 F.3d 1155, 1165 16 (9th Cir. 2008)). Nonetheless, this case is being remanded for the ALJ to address 17 medical opinions that limited Plaintiff’s RFC in a similar fashion. See supra. 18 Therefore, the ALJ is instructed to address this opinion anew on remand. 19 20 21 ORDER - 15 1 B. Lay Witness Testimony 2 Next, Plaintiff contends the ALJ improperly discounted the statements 3 provided by his neighbor, Betty Alsup. ECF No. 15 at 13-15. An ALJ must 4 consider the testimony of lay witnesses in determining whether a claimant is 5 disabled. Stout v. Comm’r, Soc. Sec. Admin., 454 F.3d 1050, 1053 (9th Cir. 2006). 6 Lay witness testimony regarding a claimant’s symptoms or how an impairment 7 affects the ability to work is competent evidence and must be considered by the 8 ALJ. If lay testimony is rejected, the ALJ “must give reasons that are germane to 9 each witness.” Nguyen v. Chater, 100 F.3d 1462, 1467 (9th Cir. 1996) (citing 10 Dodrill v. Shalala, 12 F.3d 915, 919 (9th Cir. 1993)). 11 The ALJ considered testimony from Plaintiff’s neighbor, Betty Alsup, and 12 gave it little weight because her reports of Plaintiff’s reduced activity and pain 13 were inconsistent with the medical evidence showing a refusal to accept a 14 prescription for pain medication and a failure to seek medical care for his aliments. 15 Tr. 34. Because remand is necessary in this case for the ALJ to properly address 16 the medical source opinions, the ALJ is further instructed to address this lay 17 witness testimony upon remand. 18 C. Step Two 19 Plaintiff contends the ALJ’s improperly failed to identify spinal conditions, 20 leukocytosis, and mental health impairments as severe impairments at step two. 21 ORDER - 16 1 ECF No. 15 at 15-18. Plaintiff bears the burden to establish the existence of a 2 severe impairment or combination of impairments, which prevents him from 3 performing substantial gainful activity, and that the impairment or combination of 4 impairments lasted for at least twelve continuous months. 42 U.S.C. § 5 1382c(a)(3)(A). However, step two is “a de minimus screening device [used] to 6 dispose of groundless claims.” Smolen v. Chater, 80 F.3d 1273, 1290 (9th Cir. 7 1996). “Thus, applying our normal standard of review to the requirements of step 8 two, [the Court] must determine whether the ALJ had substantial evidence to find 9 that the medical evidence clearly established that [Plaintiff] did not have a 10 medically severe impairment or combination of impairments.” Webb v. Barnhart, 11 433 F.3d 683, 687 (9th Cir. 2005). 12 The ALJ found that Plaintiff had no medically determinable back or neck 13 impairment, stating that “[t]he medical records show relatively few complaints of 14 back pain and there are no imaging studies showing any degenerative/arthritic back 15 condition.” Tr. 24. A physical or mental impairment is one that “results from 16 anatomical, physiological, or psychological abnormalities which are demonstrable 17 by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques.” 42 U.S.C. 18 §§ 423(d)(3), 1382c(a)(3)(D). An impairment must be established by medical 19 evidence consisting of signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings, and “under no 20 circumstances may the existence of an impairment be established on the basis of 21 ORDER - 17 1 symptoms alone.” Ukolov v. Barnhart, 420 F.3d 1002, 1005 (9th Cir. 2005) (citing 2 S.S.R. 96-4p, 1996 WL 374187 (July 2, 1996)) (defining “symptoms” as an 3 “individual’s own perception or description of the impact of” the impairment). 4 Plaintiff cites to a January 25, 2011 treatment note in which Dr. Bellum 5 refers to an MRI showing mild degenerative disk disease and mild facet arthrosis. 6 ECF No. 15 at 15 (citing Tr. 615). However, the record does not include any of the 7 imaging reports. At the hearing, Plaintiff testified that Dr. Bellum was the 8 provider who ordered the MRI in 2011. Tr. 52. Additionally, Plaintiff cited 9 locations in the record where providers noted restricted range of motion in 10 Plaintiff’s neck and back, tenderness with palpation, muscle spasms, and a 11 decreased pulse in the left foot. ECF No. 15 at 15. Most notable of these citations 12 include findings from Dr. Lindgren that upon examination Plaintiff had a 13 decreased range of motion in his neck and a significantly weaker left upper 14 extremity when compared to the right. Tr. 551, 560-61. 15 Since the case is being remanded for the ALJ to address opinion evidence in 16 the record, the ALJ is further instructed to gather the 2011 imaging reports, if 17 possible, and make a new step two determination regarding whether or not 18 Plaintiff’s back and neck impairments constitute a medically determinable 19 impairment and, if so, whether such impairment is severe. 20 21 ORDER - 18 1 Additionally, Plaintiff challenges the ALJ’s determination that Plaintiff’s 2 leukocytosis and depression were medically determinable impairments, but found 3 that they did not constitute severe impairments. ECF No. 15 at 16-18; Tr. 25, 27. 4 Since the decision is being remanded to address medical opinions in the record, 5 including the opinion of Plaintiff’s mental health counselor, Ms. Elsner, the ALJ is 6 directed to readdress all of Plaintiff’s alleged impairments at step two, including 7 his depression. 8 D. Plaintiff’s Symptom Claims 9 Plaintiff faults the ALJ for failing to rely on reasons that were specific, clear 10 and convincing in “discrediting” Plaintiff’s subjective testimony. ECF No. 15 at 11 18-20. 12 The evaluation of a claimant’s symptom statements and their resulting 13 limitations relies, in part, on the assessment of the medical evidence. See 20 14 C.F.R. §§ 404.1529(c), 416.929(c); S.S.R. 16-3p, 2016 (WL 5180304 (October 25, 15 2017)). Therefore, in light of the case being remanded for the ALJ to address the 16 medical source opinions in the file, a new assessment of Plaintiff’s subjective 17 symptom statements is necessary. 18 E. Remand 19 Plaintiff urges the Court to remand for immediate award of benefits. ECF 20 21 ORDER - 19 1 No. 15. To do so, the Court must find that the record has been fully developed and 2 further administrative proceedings would not be useful. Garrison v. Colvin, 759 3 F.3d 995, 1019-20 (9th Cir. 2014); Varney v. Sec. of Health and Human Servs., 4 859 F.2d 1396, 1399 (9th Cir. 1988). But where there are outstanding issues that 5 must be resolved before a determination can be made, and it is not clear from the 6 record that the ALJ would be required to find a claimant disabled if all the 7 evidence were properly evaluated, remand is appropriate. See Benecke v. 8 Barnhart, 379 F.3d 587, 595-96 (9th Cir. 2004); Harman v. Apfel, 211 F.3d 1172, 9 1179-80 (9th Cir. 2000). 10 Here, it is not clear from the record that the ALJ would be required to find 11 Plaintiff disabled if all the evidence were properly evaluated. Further proceedings 12 are necessary for the ALJ to properly weigh the opinions in the record, make a new 13 step two determination, and properly address Plaintiff’s symptom claims. The ALJ 14 is instructed to supplement the record with any outstanding evidence, including the 15 2011 MRI of Plaintiff’s hips and back addressed above, and take testimony from a 16 medical, a psychological, and a vocational expert at a remand hearing. 17 CONCLUSION 18 IT IS ORDERED: 19 1. Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 15) is GRANTED, 20 in part, and the matter is REMANDED to the Commissioner for additional 21 ORDER - 20 1 proceedings consistent with this order. 2 2. Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 16) is DENIED. 3 3. Application for attorney fees may be filed by separate motion. 4 The District Court Executive is directed to file this Order, enter 5 JUDGMENT FOR THE PLAINTIFF, provide copies to counsel, and CLOSE 6 THE FILE. 7 DATED February 12, 2018. 8 s/ Mary K. Dimke Mary K. Dimke United States Magistrate Judge 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 ORDER - 21

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