Zembezia Film (Pty.) Ltd. v. Does 1-66

Filing 12


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1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT SEATTLE 7 8 ZAMBEZIA FILM (Pty.) LTD., 9 10 11 12 Plaintiff, Case No. C13-0311RAJ-RSL v. ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND QUASHING SUBPOENAS DOES 1 - 66, Defendants. 13 14 15 This action was filed on February 18, 2013. It is one of forty-eight 16 copyright infringement actions filed during a four month period by attorney Richard J. 17 Symmes against approximately 2,323 individual Doe defendants. The sixty-six 18 defendants in this case are represented by IP addresses linked to on-line sharing of the 19 movie “Adventures in Zambezia” between 1:51 am on November 27, 2012, and 4:51 pm 20 on December 14, 2012. Although the evidence of internet activity shows that hours, if 21 not days, separated each defendant’s allegedly infringing conduct, plaintiff alleges that all 22 sixty-six defendants participated in a single “swarm” utilizing interactive peer-to-peer file 23 transfer technology protocol called a BitTorrent to illegally copy and share “Adventures 24 in Zambezia.” Plaintiff affirmatively alleges that the “swarm” aspect of the file-sharing 25 justifies joinder of these disparate defendants in a single lawsuit. 26 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND QUASHING SUBPOENAS - 1 1 On February 25, 2013, the Court granted plaintiff’s motion to initiate early 2 discovery, including the issuance of subpoenas under Fed. R. Civ. P. 45 to internet 3 service providers, in an attempt to identify each Doe defendant. Only one defendant has 4 filed objections to the subpoena. Dkt. # 8. Despite the fact that more than two months 5 have elapsed since discovery was authorized, there is no indication that any defendants 6 have been served, nor has plaintiff amended its complaint to identify the Doe defendants. 7 All BitTorrent cases filed in the Western District of Washington have been 8 referred to the undersigned for pretrial handling. As the full extent of this assignment has 9 become clear, the Court admits to some concerns regarding both the appropriateness of 10 joinder and the possibility that the judicial authority of the United States may be used to 11 wrest improvident settlements from pro se litigants under threat of huge statutory 12 penalties. The Court is not alone: other judicial officers in the Ninth Circuit are beset by 13 the same concerns and have taken various paths to mitigate the potential for abuse. See, 14 e.g., Ingenuity 13 LLC v. John Doe, No. 2:12-cv-9333-ODW(JCx) (C.D. Cal. May 6, 15 2013); Voltage Pictures, LLC v. Does 1-12, No. 2:13-292-AA (D. Or. May 4, 2013). 16 17 Having reviewed the record in this and related cases as well as the relevant case law, it is hereby ORDERED as follows: 18 1. Any and all subpoenas issued in the above-captioned matter are hereby 19 QUASHED. Plaintiff shall immediately notify the subpoena recipients that they need not 20 respond. 21 2. To the extent plaintiff has obtained identifying information regarding one or 22 more Doe defendants, whether through the service provider, defendant, or another source, 23 it shall not utilize that information in any way. If plaintiff has already contacted one or 24 more of the defendants, it shall file under seal all correspondence or other written 25 communications (including emails) sent to defendants and a summary of any oral 26 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND QUASHING SUBPOENAS - 2 1 communications. Plaintiff shall refrain from any further oral or written communications 2 with defendants unless expressly approved by the Court in advance. 3 3. Plaintiff shall, within fourteen days of the date of this Order, show cause why 4 the above-captioned matter should not be dismissed as to all defendants other than Doe 1 5 for improper joinder and/or pursuant to the Court’s inherent authority to control its 6 docket. 7 4. Plaintiff shall, within fourteen days of the date of this Order, provide additional 8 information regarding (a) Zambezia Film (Pty.) Ltd.’s ownership of the copyright at issue 9 and (b) Zambezia Film (Pty,) Ltd.’s direct and indirect members/owners/stakeholders. 10 Plaintiff shall provide a copy of any and all transfer statements and/or work-for-hire 11 agreements supporting a determination that Zambezia Film (Pty.) Ltd. has standing to 12 pursue this action. Plaintiff shall also supplement the corporate disclosure statement filed 13 in this action (Dkt. # 2) by providing the registration information for Zambezia Film 14 (Pty.) Ltd. maintained by the Secretary of State and identifying all members/owners/ 15 stakeholders of Zambezia Film (Pty.) Ltd., both direct and indirect, in the form of an 16 organizational tree that reaches back far enough to reveal all individual members/owners/ 17 stakeholders and publicly-traded corporations. 18 19 5. With the exception of the actions specifically set forth in this Order, the abovecaptioned matter is hereby STAYED. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND QUASHING SUBPOENAS - 3 1 For all of the foregoing reasons, the pending motion to quash (Dkt. # 8) is 2 GRANTED. The Clerk of Court is directed to place this Order to Show Cause on the 3 Court’s calendar for Friday, May 24, 2013. 4 5 Dated this 10th day of May, 2013. 6 A 7 Robert S. Lasnik United States District Judge 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE AND QUASHING SUBPOENAS - 4

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