Hayes v. Morgan

Filing 27

ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 25 by U.S. District Judge John C Coughenour. The Court overrules Mr. Hayes's objections 24 . Mr. Hayes's habeas petition 7 is denied and this case is dismissed with prejudice. Mr. Hayes's 25 motion for telephonic appearance need not be addressed because there will be no hearing on his habeas petition. **4 PAGE(S), PRINT ALL**(Donald Hayes, Prisoner ID: ) (PM)

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THE HONORABLE JOHN C. COUGHENOUR 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT SEATTLE 7 8 9 DONALD C. HAYES, 10 Petitioner, 11 CASE NO. C16-0803-JCC ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION v. 12 MARGARET GILBERT, 13 Respondent. 14 This matter comes before the Court on Petitioner Donald Hayes’s objections (Dkt. No. 15 16 24) to the report and recommendation (Dkt. No. 22) issued by the Honorable Mary Alice Theiler, 17 United States Magistrate Judge. Having thoroughly considered the parties’ briefing and the 18 relevant record, the Court finds oral argument unnecessary and hereby OVERRULES the 19 objections and ADOPTS the report and recommendation for the reasons explained herein. 20 I. BACKGROUND 21 Petitioner Donald C. Hayes was convicted of several offenses in King County Superior 22 Court in 2010. (Dkt. No. 22 at 2) (citing Dkt. No. 16, Ex. 1 at 7). Mr. Hayes was soon released 23 on an alternative sentencing plan—known as a drug offender sentencing alternative (DOSA)— 24 until 2013 when he relapsed and confessed to attempted residential burglary and second-degree 25 identity theft. (Dkt. No. 22 at 2) (citing Dkt. Nos. 16, Exs. 1, 4, 8). 26 ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION PAGE - 1 1 Mr. Hayes, now an inmate at Coyote Ridge Correctional Facility, brought this habeas 2 petition pro se. (Dkt. No. 7.) He claimed that the Department of Corrections violated his 3 Fourteenth Amendment rights by giving him, a recovering heroin user, opiate-based medicine 4 before releasing him into an environment where he relapsed and acquired new felony 5 convictions. (Dkt. No. 7 at 5.) Mr. Hayes also claimed that the State failed to provide further 6 treatment after his release. (Id.) On review, Judge Theiler recommended that this Court deny Mr. Hayes’s habeas petition 7 8 and dismiss this case with prejudice. (Dkt. No. 22 at 7.) Specifically, Judge Theiler concluded 9 that this habeas petition is improper because it targets the medical treatment Mr. Hayes received 10 during his confinement, not the judgments against him or how his sentences are being carried 11 out. (Dkt. No. 22 at 5.) Judge Theiler also recommended that this Court not construe this petition 12 as a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action because Mr. Hayes has a concurrent civil rights case based on the 13 same facts pending before this Court. (Id.) (see also Hayes v. State of Washington, DOC, C1614 5095-BHS-DWC). Mr. Hayes objected to Judge Theiler’s recommendation. (Dkt. No. 24.) In his objection, 15 16 Mr. Hayes repeated his initial claims about the lack of medical care he received, and reasserted 17 his desire to rejoin the DOSA program. (Dkt. No. 24 at 3–4.) Mr. Hayes did not explain why a 18 habeas petition is the proper vehicle for his complaint. (See generally id.) 19 II. DISCUSSION 20 Mr. Hayes’s challenge raises two issues. First, is a writ of habeas corpus the correct tool 21 to challenge the conditions of Mr. Hayes’s confinement? Second, if not, should the Court convert 22 the habeas petition into a § 1983 challenge where doing so would create two nearly identical 23 lawsuits? 24 A. Legal Standards 25 A district judge reviews objections to a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation de 26 novo. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3). The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION PAGE - 2 1 disposition; receive further evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with 2 instructions. Id. 3 B. 4 This Court has jurisdiction to grant habeas writs to an individual who is in custody “in Mr. Hayes Has Not filed a Proper Writ of Habeas Corpus 5 violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2241(c)(3). Prisoners who 6 are in custody because of state court judgments can file habeas petitions under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 7 if their custody violates the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States. 28 U.S.C. 8 § 2254(a). 9 Habeas petitions must challenge a harm that falls within “the core of habeas corpus.” 10 Nettles v. Grounds, 830 F.3d 922, 927 (9th Cir. 2016). A challenge is within this core if it 11 “addresses the validity of any confinement” or any “particulars affecting its duration…” Id. The 12 test is whether the petition’s success would necessarily result in immediate or earlier release 13 from confinement. Id. at 927–35. Challenges which fall outside the core of habeas corpus must 14 be brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Muhammad v. Close, 540 U.S. 749, 750 (2004); see also 15 Nettles, 830 F.3d at 933–34. 16 Mr. Hayes has not selected the proper vehicle for this challenge. He argues that a 17 favorable judgment reinstating his DOSA would result in his release from “total confinement.” 18 (Dkt. No. 24 at 11.) If true, this could be a “particular” affecting the duration of his confinement 19 under Mohamed and Nettles. However, as both Judge Theiler and the Washington Supreme 20 Court noted, Mr. Hayes’s new convictions removed him from the DOSA program. (Dkt. No. 22 21 at 6; see also Dkt. No. 16, Ex. 8 at 3.) Whether or not the Department of Corrections gave Mr. 22 Hayes appropriate medical treatment during his confinement or after his release in 2010 does not 23 directly address whether he is guilty of attempted residential burglary and second-degree identity 24 theft. (Dkt. No. 22 at 2) (citing Dkt. Nos. 16, Exs. 1, 4, 8). Even if Mr. Hayes established that his 25 Constitutional rights were violated through inadequate or inappropriate treatment, he remains 26 culpable for the crimes he committed while on community custody. ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION PAGE - 3 1 C. 2 Mr. Hayes has not asked the Court to convert his habeas petition into a § 1983 claim. The Court Declines to Convert this Petition into a § 1983 Claim 3 However, this inquiry is relevant because Mr. Hayes expressly acknowledged that he may have 4 mistakenly filed a habeas petition, and asks the Court to allow him to correct the error. (Dkt. No. 5 24 at 5.) Mr. Hayes’s request may be broad enough to embrace that possibility even though he 6 does not specifically ask the Court for a conversion. See Eldridge v. Block, 832 F.2d 1132, 1137 7 (9th Cir. 1987) (“The Supreme Court has instructed the federal courts to liberally construe the 8 ‘inartful pleading’ of pro se litigants.”). 9 On review, Judge Theiler declined to construe the habeas petition as a civil rights claim 10 because Mr. Hayes has a similar suit based on the same facts pending in this court. (Dkt. No. 22 11 at 7.) This Court agrees with Judge Theiler, and declines to convert Mr. Hayes’s habeas petition 12 into a § 1983 challenge where doing do would create an unnecessarily duplicative lawsuit. 13 III. CONCLUSION 14 For the foregoing reasons, this Court OVERRULES Mr. Hayes’s objections (Dkt. No. 15 24) and ADOPTS the report and recommendation (Dkt. No. 22). Mr. Hayes’s habeas petition 16 (Dkt. No. 7) is DENIED and this case is DISMISSED with prejudice. Mr. Hayes also has a 17 pending motion for a telephonic appearance (Dkt. No. 25). Because there will be no hearing on 18 his habeas petition, his motion for telephonic appearance need not be addressed. 19 DATED this 13th day of January 2017. 20 21 22 A 23 24 25 John C. Coughenour UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 26 ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION PAGE - 4

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