Sun et al v. Mayorkas

Filing 19

ORDER granting Defendants' 16 Motion to Dismiss and Defendants Status Report. The Court DISMISSES this matter without prejudice. Signed by Judge Lauren King. (SS) (cc: Plaintiff via USPS)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT SEATTLE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 YEGUANG SUN, v. CASE NO. 2:23-cv-00863-LK Plaintiff, ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS ALEJANDRO MAYORKAS et al., Defendants. 15 16 This matter comes before the Court on Defendants’ Status Report and Motion to Dismiss, 17 which states that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) adjudicated and approved 18 Plaintiff Yeguang Sun’s asylum application on April 5, 2024. Dkt. No. 16 at 1; see also Dkt. No. 19 17 at 1; Dkt. No. 17-1 at 2–3. The Government notified Mr. Sun no later than April 11, 2024 that 20 his asylum application had been approved. Dkt. No. 17-1 at 2–3. 21 USCIS moves to dismiss this case, arguing that Mr. Sun’s request to compel the agency to 22 adjudicate his application is moot. Dkt. No. 16 at 2 (noting that “there is nothing left to remedy 23 concerning Sun’s asylum application”); see also Dkt. No. 1 at 1 (Mr. Sun’s complaint stating that 24 “[t]his is an action for declaratory and injunctive relief and in the nature of a Mandamus to compel ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS - 1 1 agency action that has been unlawfully withheld”); id. at 5 (prayer for relief asking the Court to 2 order USCIS to adjudicate Mr. Sun’s asylum application, declare that the failure to do so is 3 unlawful, and award “any and all other relief this Court deems just and proper”). USCIS argues 4 that because the case is now moot, the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction. Dkt. No. 16 at 3. 5 Mr. Sun, who is proceeding pro se, has not responded to the motion, which the Court construes as 6 an admission that the motion has merit. LCR 7(b)(2). 7 “Article III of the Constitution limits the jurisdiction of federal courts to ‘Cases’ and 8 ‘Controversies.’” Lance v. Coffman, 549 U.S. 437, 439 (2007) (per curiam). When there is no 9 longer an ongoing case or controversy, the matter is moot. Already, LLC v. Nike, Inc., 568 U.S. 10 85, 91 (2013) (“A case becomes moot—and therefore no longer a ‘Case’ or ‘Controversy’ for 11 purposes of Article III—when the issues presented are no longer ‘live’ or the parties lack a legally 12 cognizable interest in the outcome.” (quotation marks and citation omitted)). “Federal courts lack 13 jurisdiction to consider moot claims,” Rosemere Neighborhood Ass’n v. U.S. Env’t Prot. Agency, 14 581 F.3d 1169, 1172 (9th Cir. 2009), and they must dismiss matters when subject matter 15 jurisdiction is lacking, Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3). Here, Mr. Sun has achieved the relief he sought, 16 and he has not identified any further relief the Court can grant or any applicable exception to the 17 mootness doctrine. 18 19 20 Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Defendants’ motion to dismiss, Dkt. No. 16, and DISMISSES this matter without prejudice. Dated this 5th day of June, 2024. 21 A 22 Lauren King United States District Judge 23 24 ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO DISMISS - 2

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