Luken v. Christensen Group Incorporated et al

Filing 92

ORDER granting in part and denying in part 75 Plaintiff's Motion for Reconsideration; granting in part and denying in part 76 Plaintiff's Motion to Amend. Counsel is directed to e-file their Amended Complaint; granting 80 Defendant Christensen Group's Motion for Joinder; signed by Judge Ronald B. Leighton.(DN)

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HONORABLE RONALD B. LEIGHTON 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON AT TACOMA 7 8 HENRY G LUKEN III, CASE NO. C16-5214RBL 9 Plaintiff, 10 v. 11 CHRISTENSEN GROUP INCORPORATED, et al., ORDER ON MOTIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION AND FOR LEAVE TO AMEND [Dkt. #s 75, 76, 80] 12 Defendant. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 THIS MATTER is before the Court on Plaintiff Luken’s Motion for Reconsideration [Dkt. #75] of the Court’s Order [Dkt. #74] dismissing his1 “breach of fiduciary duty” claims, based on a newly-discovered statute (RCW 88.02.770) that he claims requires boat dealers to hold customer deposits “in trust.” Also before2 the Court is Luken’s related Motion to Amend his Complaint [Dkt. #76]. Luken seeks to add a claim under this statute, and to add 2 new parties and 13 other new claims. He seeks to add Christensen Shipyards LLC as a plaintiff, asserting 20 21 22 23 24 1 Luken asserts parallel claims on behalf of another CSL customer, Indian Marine, which has apparently assigned its claims to him. The Court’s rulings in this Order apply to both sets of claims. 2 Defendant Christensen Group also filed a “Motion to Join” in the other Defendants’ opposition [Dkt. #80] to the Motion for Reconsideration. That Motion is GRANTED. ORDER - 1 1 claims related to its predecessor’s (CSL)’s lease from Defendant CGI. Adding CSLLC as a 2 plaintiff would destroy this court’s diversity jurisdiction. 3 The Defendants oppose reconsideration on (and amendment to add) the statutory 4 fiduciary duty claim. They argue that the statute is not applicable—Luken was an owner and 5 member of the Board, not a regular “customer,” and he did not make a cash deposit—and that 6 Luken’s effort to revive his fiduciary duty claim based on a newly-discovered statute is time- 7 barred and futile. They also oppose the amendment to add Christensen Shipyards, LLC’s new 8 claims, because the case was filed more than a year ago and the deadline for adding parties 9 passed last fall. The trial is scheduled for February 16, 2018. They claim that discovery and 10 motions practice has been ongoing—eight terabytes of data has already been produced—and that 11 they will be prejudiced if Luken is permitted to now add parties and claims requiring them to 12 start anew. They also argue that the newly-named parties and the newly- asserted claims would 13 be futile. 14 Motions for Reconsideration are disfavored, and will ordinarily be denied absent a 15 showing of manifest error, or a new factual or legal basis which could not have been raised 16 earlier. Local Rule 7(h). 17 Leave to amend a complaint under Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a) “shall be freely given when 18 justice so requires.” Carvalho v. Equifax Info. Services, LLC, 629 F.3d 876, 892 (9th Cir. 2010) 19 (citing Forman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962)). This policy is “to be applied with extreme 20 liberality.” Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1051 (9th Cir. 2003) 21 (citations omitted). In determining whether to grant leave under Rule 15, courts consider five 22 factors: “bad faith, undue delay, prejudice to the opposing party, futility of amendment, and 23 whether the plaintiff has previously amended the complaint.” United States v. Corinthian 24 ORDER - 2 1 Colleges, 655 F.3d 984, 995 (9th Cir. 2011) (emphasis added). Among these factors, prejudice to 2 the opposing party carries the greatest weight. Eminence Capital, 316 F.3d at 1052. 3 A proposed amendment is futile “if no set of facts can be proved under the amendment to 4 the pleadings that would constitute a valid and sufficient claim or defense.” Gaskill v. Travelers 5 Ins. Co., No. 11-cv-05847-RJB, 2012 WL 1605221, at *2 (W.D. Wash. May 8, 2012) (citing 6 Sweaney v. Ada County, Idaho, 119 F.3d 1385, 1393 (9th Cir.1997)). 7 The Motion for Reconsideration of the Order dismissing the fiduciary duty claims is 8 GRANTED to the limited extent that Luken will be permitted to assert such a claim based on 9 RCW 88.02.070. The other fiduciary duty claims remain dismissed. Defendants may attack the 10 11 12 13 viability of this claim through motions practice. Luken’s related Motion to Amend his complaint to add this state law claim is also GRANTED. Luken’s Motion to Amend to add CSLLC (or to allow it to “intervene”) as a plaintiff, 14 nine months after the deadline for doing so, and where adding CSLLC would destroy this court’s 15 diversity jurisdiction, is DENIED. 16 Luken’s Motion to Amend to add a rescission/reformation claim, seeking to unwind 17 Luken’s 2003 stock purchase from non-party (and now-defunct) CSL [the Second Claim for 18 relief in Lukens’ proposed second amended complaint] is also DENIED. 19 Defendants argue that permitting Luken to assert other new claims—a claim based on a 20 2001 guaranty, and a sort of equitable subordination claim—would be futile. They argue, for 21 example, the guaranty at issue was not intended to apply as broadly as Luken now claims, and 22 that the subordination claim is really an affirmative defense to a counterclaim. These arguments 23 may ultimately be correct. But they are summary judgment-type arguments; the claims are not 24 ORDER - 3 1 facially so deficient that the Court can say it would be futile to add them now. The Motion to 2 Amend to assert these additional claims is GRANTED. 3 The proposed second amended complaint asserts a variety of additional claims, but the 4 Defendants’ Response does not specifically address them (other than to argue that all are too late 5 and prejudicial). Leave to amend to assert these “un-discussed” claims is GRANTED. 6 Luken should file a second amended complaint consistent with this Order within 10 days. 7 Leave for any additional amendments is unlikely. The Court will entertain a motion for relief 8 from pending deadlines based on the new complaint. 9 10 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated this 15th day of June, 2017. 12 A 13 Ronald B. Leighton United States District Judge 11 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 ORDER - 4

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