Denton v. Pastor et al
ORDER by Magistrate Judge David W. Christel. The following Motions are DENIED: 80 Motion for funds, 85 Motion for funds, and 89 Motion to Compel. Plaintiff's 86 Motion to Amend is GRANTED; the second amended complaint is due 5/12/2017. The Motions for Temporary Restraining Order ( 52 , 65 , 72 ) are re-noted for 5/12/2017. (GMR- cc: pltf w/forms)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
CASE NO. 3:16-CV-05314-RJB-DWC
PASTOR, et al.,
The District Court has referred this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action filed by Plaintiff Michael
Denton to United States Magistrate Judge David W. Christel. Plaintiff has filed two Motions to
Request Funds for Legal Materials, Legal Books, and for Investigator to Interview Witnesses
(“Motions for Funds”), a Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint (“Motion to
Amend”), and a Motion for an Order Compelling Discovery (“Motion to Compel”). Dkt. 80, 85,
86, 89. After review of the relevant record, the Court denies the Motions for Funds (Dkt. 80, 85),
grants the Motion to Amend (Dkt. 86), and denies the Motion to Compel (Dkt. 89). Plaintiff must
file his second amended complaint on or before May 12, 2017. The Clerk is directed to re-note
the pending Motions for Temporary Restraining Order (Dkt. 52, 56, 72) to May 12, 2017.
ORDER - 1
Plaintiff filed two Motions for Funds requesting the Court provide him with monetary
Motions for Funds (Dkt. 80, 85)
3 funds to pay for legal materials, legal books, and an investigator to interview witnesses. Dkt. 80,
4 85. Plaintiff contends Defendants are denying him access to necessary legal materials and,
5 therefore, he is unable to litigate this case. Dkt. 80, 85. “The Supreme Court has declared that the
6 expenditure of public funds on behalf of an indigent litigant is proper only when authorized by
7 Congress.” Tedder v. Odel, 890 F.2d 210, 211–12 (9th Cir. 1989) (internal quotations omitted).
8 “The federal courts have uniformly held that an indigent prisoner litigant must bear his own costs
9 of litigation.” Hollis v. Sloan, 2012 WL 5304756, at *5 (E.D. Cal. Oct. 25, 2012). “Also, the in
10 forma pauperis statute does not authorize the expenditure of public funds for the appointment of
11 an investigator.” Williams v. Schwarzenegger, 2009 WL 900049, at *8 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 31,
12 2009). As Plaintiff must bear his own costs of litigation, his Motions for Funds (Dkt. 80, 85) are
Motion to Amend (Dkt. 86)
Plaintiff filed the Motion to Amend on March 20, 2017. Dkt. 86. Plaintiff seeks leave to
16 amend his Amended Complaint because he found mistakes in the Amended Complaint after
17 further investigation and the Amended Complaint contains errors in the Prayer for Relief. Id.
18 Defendants did not file a response to Plaintiff’s Motion to Amend. See generally Dkt.
Pursuant to Rule 15(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,
(1) Amending as a Matter of Course
A party may amend its pleading once as a matter of course within: (A) 21 days
after serving it, or
(B) if the pleading is one to which a responsive pleading is required, 21 days after
service of a responsive pleading or 21 days after service of a motion under Rule
12(b), (e), or (f), whichever is earlier.
ORDER - 2
(2) Other Amendments
In all other cases, a party may amend its pleading only with the opposing party’s
written consent or the court’s leave. The court should freely give leave when
justice so requires.
As Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint and the time has expired for filing an amendment as a
matter of course, Plaintiff cannot amend pursuant to Rule 15(a)(1). See Dkt. 25, 26. To amend
the Amended Complaint, Plaintiff must have Defendants’ written consent or the Court’s
leave. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(2).
While Defendants have not provided Plaintiff with written consent, they have not filed
any opposition to the Motion to Amend. Plaintiff seeks to correct errors in his Prayer for Relief
and in other portions of his Amended Complaint. See Dkt. 86. As Plaintiff is seeking to correct
deficiencies in his Amended Complaint, the Court finds justice requires Plaintiff be given leave
to amend. See Eldridge v. Block, 832 F.2d 1132, 1135-36 (9th Cir. 1987). Therefore, Plaintiff’s
Motion to Amend (Dkt. 86) is granted.
Plaintiff must file the second amended complaint on or before May 12, 2017. The second
amended complaint must be a short, plain statement telling the Court: (1) the constitutional right
Plaintiff believes was violated; (2) the name of the person who violated the right; (3) exactly
what the individual did or failed to do; (4) how the action or inaction of the individual is
connected to the violation of Plaintiff’s constitutional rights; and (5) what specific injury
Plaintiff suffered because of the individual’s conduct. See Rizzo v. Goode, 423 U.S. 362, 371–72,
Plaintiff shall present the second amended complaint on the form provided by the Court.
The second amended complaint must be legibly rewritten or retyped in its entirety, it should be
an original and not a copy, it should contain the same case number, and it may not incorporate
any part of the original complaint by reference. The amended complaint will act as a complete
ORDER - 3
1 replacement for any previously filed complaint, and not as a supplement. Because the second
2 amended complaint will replace any previously filed complaint, Plaintiff must re-allege all
3 claims against the remaining Defendants (Defendants Sheriff Pastor, Lt. Charla James4 Hutchinson, and Sgt. Caruso) in the second amended complaint. Plaintiff may not re-allege
5 claims against the following individuals who were previously dismissed from this case: Chief
6 Patti Jackson, Sgt. Kathi Miller, Lt. S. Jones, Officer Andy Powell, Officer R. Vancleave, and Lt.
7 B. Davis. See Dkt. 41, 44.
If Plaintiff fails to file an amended complaint on or before May 12, 2017, the Court will
9 procced with the Amended Complaint. As the second amended complaint will act as a complete
10 replacement for the Amended Complaint, Plaintiff’s requests for injunctive relief may be
11 mooted. See e.g. Sierra On-line, Inc. v. Phoenix Software, Inc., 739 F.2d 1415, 1422 (9th Cir.
12 1984) (the purpose of preliminary injunctive relief is to preserve the status quo or prevent
13 irreparable injury pending the resolution of the underlying claim); Maloney v. Ryan, 2013 WL
14 3282324, *2 (D. Ariz. June 28, 2013) (“because plaintiff’s original complaint no longer serves
15 any function in this case, it cannot form the basis for his pending TRO motion seeking relief
16 solely related” to the original complaint) (internal quotations omitted). Therefore, the Clerk is
17 directed to re-note the Motions for Temporary Restraining Order (Dkt. 52, 65, 72) for May 12,
In the Motion to Compel, Plaintiff states he propounded requests for production on
Motion to Compel (Dkt. 89)
21 Defendants on January 25, 2017. Dkt. 89. He contends Defendants have failed to respond to his
22 discovery requests. Id.
ORDER - 4
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 37(a)(1):
. . . On notice to other parties and all affected persons, a party may move for an
order compelling disclosure or discovery. The motion must include a certification
that the movant has in good faith conferred or attempted to confer with the person
or party failing to make disclosure or discovery in an effort to obtain it without
Here, Plaintiff is moving for a Court order compelling Defendants to produce documents.
6 Dkt. 89. Plaintiff, however, failed to certify he conferred or attempted to confer with Defendants’
7 counsel regarding the requested discovery. Furthermore, Defendants filed a Response to the
8 Motion to Compel stating they provided the requested documents. See Dkt. 91. The documents
9 were personally delivered to the Pierce County Jail, where Plaintiff is housed. See Dkt. 92,
10 Brittain Dec., ¶ 4. As Plaintiff has not complied with Rule 37 and as evidence shows Defendants
11 responded to the discovery requests, the Motion to Compel (Dkt. 89) is denied.
For the above stated reasons, the Motions for Funds (Dkt. 80, 85) are denied and the
14 Motion to Compel (Dkt. 89) is denied. The Motion to Amend (Dkt. 86) is granted. Plaintiff must
15 file his second amended complaint on or before May 12, 2017. The Clerk is directed to provide
16 Plaintiff with the appropriate forms for filing a 42 U.S.C. § 1983 civil rights complaint and for
17 service and a copy of this Order. The Clerk is also directed to re-note the Motions for Temporary
18 Restraining Order (Dkt. 52, 65, 72) for May 12, 2017.
Dated this 11th day of April, 2017.
David W. Christel
United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER - 5
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