Longshore v. Herzog et al
ORDER granting 87 Motion to Transfer Case to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington, signed by Magistrate Judge J Richard Creatura.**4 PAGE(S), PRINT ALL**(Charles Longshore, Prisoner ID: #332121)(CMG)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
CHARLES S LONGSHORE,
CASE NO. 3:16-CV-05629-BHS-JRC
Before the Court is plaintiff’s motion to transfer. Dkt. 87. Defendants filed a response
stating that they take no position on plaintiff’s motion. Dkt. 89. Because defendants do not
oppose plaintiff’s motion, and transferring this case to the Eastern District of Washington best
serves the convenience of the parties and the interests of justice, the Court grants plaintiff’s
Because an order transferring venue pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) does not address the merits of the
22 case, it is a nondispositive matter that is within the province of a magistrate judge's authority under 28 U.S.C. §
636(b)(1)(A). See Pavao v. Unifund CCR Partners, 934 F. Supp. 2d 1238, 1241 (S.D. Cal. 2013); Corrinet v. Burke,
2012 WL 1952658, at *6 (D.Or. Apr. 30, 2012); Shenker v. Murasky, 1996 WL 650974, at *1 (E.D.N.Y. Nov. 6,
1996) (“An order issued by a magistrate judge transferring venue under 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a) is non-dispositive.”);
Holmes v. TV–3, Inc., 141 F.R.D. 697, 697 (W.D. La. 1991) (“Since [a motion to transfer venue] is not one of the
motions excepted in 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A), nor is it dispositive of any claim on the merits within the meaning of
ORDER - 1
Plaintiff requests this case be transferred because he currently resides in the Eastern
3 District, 2 defendants reside in the Eastern District, the claims arose in the Eastern District, and it
4 would be most convenient for this case to be litigated the Eastern District. Dkt. 87 at 1-2.
5 Plaintiff states that after receiving public disclosure records and discovery responses, this case
6 “revolves around the Washington State Penitentiary, its employees[,] with only a few defendants
7 outside this jurisdiction.” Id. at 2. Plaintiff also contends that at the beginning of the case he
8 believed that he had to file the case in the Western District because defendants were employees
9 of the Department of Corrections which is located in Olympia, Washington. Id.
Defendants take no position on plaintiff’s motion. Dkt. 89. However, defendants note that
11 while the parties have not yet filed dispositive motions and plaintiff’s motion may be premature
12 at this time, if plaintiff’s claims survive summary judgment, holding a trial in the Eastern District
13 of Washington would be more convenient for the witnesses and parties. Id.
When jurisdiction is not founded solely on diversity, venue is proper in (1) the district in
16 which any defendant resides, if all of the defendants reside in the same state; (2) the district in
17 which a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred, or a
18 substantial part of the property that is the subject of the action is situated; or (3) a judicial district
19 in which any defendant may be found, if there is no district in which the action may otherwise be
20 brought. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b).
22 Rule 72 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, this ruling is issued under the authority thereof, and in accordance
with the standing order of this Court.”).
The court notes that at the time plaintiff filed his motion to transfer, he was housed at Washington State
Penitentiary in Walla Walla, Washington. Dkt. 87. However, plaintiff was transferred to Stafford Creek Corrections
Center several weeks later on December 20, 2016. Dkt. 94.
ORDER - 2
Plaintiff brings this complaint against employees of the Washington State Penitentiary in
2 Walla Walla, Washington. Dkt. 68. Because defendants are located in the Eastern District of
3 Washington and the events giving rise to the claim occurred in that judicial district, venue would
4 be proper in the Eastern District. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b).
“For the convenience of parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice, a district court
6 may transfer any civil action to any other district or division where it might have been
7 brought.”28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). Section 1404(a) vests “discretion in the district court to adjudicate
8 motions for transfer according to an individualized, case-by-case consideration of convenience
9 and fairness.” Stewart Org., Inc. v. Ricoh Corp., 487 U.S. 22, 27 (1988) (citation and internal
10 quotation marks omitted); see Dermendziev v. Washington, 624 F. App'x 454, 455 (9th Cir.
11 2015) (upholding dismissal without prejudice of claims related to conditions of confinement in
12 district where venue was improper). Courts weigh several factors to determine whether to
13 transfer a case pursuant to § 1404(a), including:
(1) the location where the relevant agreements were negotiated and executed, (2)
the state that is most familiar with the governing law, (3) the plaintiff's choice of
forum, (4) the respective parties' contacts with the forum, (5) the contacts relating
to the plaintiff's cause of action in the chosen forum, (6) the differences in the
costs of litigation in the two forums, (7) the availability of compulsory process to
compel attendance of unwilling non-party witnesses, and (8) the ease of access to
sources of proof.
18 Jones, 211 F.3d at 498–99.
The Court finds that these factors weigh in favor of transfer to the Eastern District. First,
plaintiff’s choice of forum is the Eastern District and defendants do not oppose plaintiff’s
motion. Second, plaintiff’s claims arose in the Eastern District at WSP. Third, the majority of the
witnesses are located in the Eastern District. Fourth, any connection to the Western District,
including the fact that the DOC is headquartered in Olympia, Washington and plaintiff is now
ORDER - 3
1 housed at SCCC, is attenuated at best. Accordingly, the Court orders that this case be transferred
2 to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington.
Dated this 18th day of January, 2017.
J. Richard Creatura
United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER - 4
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