Perez v. Morgan et al
ORDER that Plaintiff's 114 MOTION for Leave to Amend 58 Amended Complaint is GRANTED. The Clerk is directed to substitute Kara Hubbs for a Jane Doe on the docket. Plaintiff's motion to supplement the motion for leave to amend 120 is DENIED. No further amendments to the pleadings will be granted unless the moving party shows good cause. Signed by Magistrate Judge Theresa L Fricke. **5 PAGE(S), PRINT ALL**(Daniel Perez, Prisoner ID: 888274)(CMG)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
DANIEL JAY PEREZ,
Case No. 3:16-cv-06023-RBL-TLF
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO
AMEND COMPLAINT, DKT. 114
DICK MORGAN, et al,
Before the Court is plaintiff Daniel Jay Perez’s motion for leave to amend his civil rights
13 complaint to correctly name “Jane Doe” as Kara Hubbs. Dkt. 114. In a response, defendants
14 asked the Court to deny the amendment. Dkt. 118. At a telephonic hearing on September 26,
15 2017, and having reviewed the motion, defendants’ response, and the rest of the record, the
16 undersigned GRANTED Mr. Perez leave to amend. This written order further explains the
17 Court’s reasoning.
Mr. Perez filed his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 civil rights complaint in this case on December 21,
20 2016, alleging defendants violated his rights to adequate medical treatment and care. Dkt. 4. This
21 Court permitted Mr. Perez to file a first amended complaint (FAC) on June 14, 2017. See Dkt.
22 58, 59.
Mr. Perez moved to amend the FAC on July 27, 2017. Dkt. 89. The defendants objected
24 that Mr. Perez did not comply with the local rule requiring that he provide a “red-line” copy
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND- 1
1 highlighting the changes he made to the FAC. Dkt. 94; see Local Rules W.D. Wash. LCR 15. In
2 a telephonic hearing on August 31, 2017, this Court ordered Mr. Perez to re-file his proposed
3 amended complaint in compliance with LCR 15. Dkt. 110. Mr. Perez re-filed his proposed
4 amended complaint (PAC) on September 6, 2017, this time providing a “red-lined” copy that
5 highlighted changes made to his first amended complaint. Dkt. 114-1. Mr. Perez wrote and
6 highlighted the PAC by hand. Id.
The defendants again ask this court to deny Mr. Perez leave to amend the complaint.
8 They contend that Mr. Perez has still not complied with LCR 15 and does not show “good cause”
9 for making late amendments to the FAC. Dkt. 118. Since the defendants filed their response, Mr.
10 Perez has filed a proposed supplemental amended complaint. Dkt. 120-2.
1. Mr. Perez’s proposed amended complaint does not strictly comply with LCR 15.
LCR 15 requires that a party seeking leave to amend a complaint attach to its motion a
14 copy of the proposed amended pleading and indicate on that proposed pleading how it differs
15 from the pleading it seeks to amend. A district court has broad discretion in interpreting its local
16 rules, and its application of those rules is reviewed for abuse of discretion. Bias v. Moynihan, 508
17 F.3d 1212, 1223 (9th Cir. 2007).
In filing the PAC, Mr. Perez did not strictly comply with LCR 15. Mr. Perez made
19 several changes to the prior complaint without highlighting those changes as the rule requires.
20 Those changes are primarily minor changes in wording, including to paragraphs 1.23, 1.27, and
21 1.72 (renumbered 1.73 in the PAC). The most significant change to the FAC is in dividing
22 previous paragraph 1.33 in two, resulting in a new paragraph, 1.34. The new paragraph does not
23 contain new allegations. Compare Dkt. 114-1, p. 12 with Dkt. 58, p. 6.
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND- 2
This Court has broad discretion to enforce LCR 15. See Bias, 508 F.3d at 1223. Because
2 of the difficulties Mr. Perez encountered in filing his amended complaint, because he alleges
3 cause for his delay in naming the previously unnamed Jane Doe defendant as Kara Hubbs, and
4 because the other, unmarked changes he makes are minimal and not substantive, the undersigned
5 determines that Mr. Perez should not be denied leave to amend based on LCR 15.
2. Leave to amend should be “freely granted” here.
Until the court enters a pretrial scheduling order under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
8 (FRCP) 16, FRCP 15(a) sets the standard for amending pleadings. Johnson v. Mammoth
9 Recreations, Inc., 975 F.2d 604, 607-08 (9th Cir. 1992). FRCP 15(a) provides that leave to
10 amend “shall be freely given when justice so requires.” Under this provision, a court should
11 grant leave to amend “unless amendment would cause prejudice to the opposing party, is sought
12 in bad faith, is futile, or creates undue delay.” Martinez v. Newport Beach City, 125 F.3d 777,
13 786 (9th Cir. 1997).
Normally, where the court has entered a pretrial scheduling order, the court analyzes the
15 proposed amendment under the more liberal standard of FRCP 15(a) only if the party seeking
16 relief shows “good cause” for failing to amend the pleading before the scheduled deadline.
17 Coleman v. Quaker Oats Co., 232 F.3d 1271, 1294 (9th Cir. 2000). But where the scheduling
18 order did not set a deadline for amendments to the pleadings, the defendant is not required to
19 seek a modification of the scheduling order and the “good cause” standard is not implicated. See
20 Dkt. 31; Talking Rain Beverage Co., Inc. v. DS Servs. of Am., Inc., No. C15-1804 RSM, 2017
21 WL 1198360, at *2 (W.D. Wash. Mar. 31, 2017).
Here, the scheduling order did not place a deadline on amendments to the pleadings. Dkt.
23 31. Consequently, the liberal FRCP 15(a) pleading standard applies here, and Mr. Perez is not
24 required to show good cause. See Talking Rain, 2017 WL 1198360, at *2. The Court instead
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND- 3
1 looks to the factors of prejudice, bad faith, futility, and undue delay. See Martinez, 125 F.3d at
Defendants do not contend that the changes they point to in the PAC would prejudice
4 them, cause undue delay, or be futile, or that Mr. Perez proposed them in bad faith. See Dkt. 118.
5 They contend only that Mr. Perez failed to show good cause for failing to amend the FAC
6 earlier. Dkt. 118. As noted above, however, he did not need to do so.
The pleadings would not support a prejudice argument, in any case. As discussed above,
8 the changes the PAC makes are minimal other than naming a previously unnamed defendant,
9 Ms. Hubbs. The FAC was sufficient to place all the defendants on notice of the substantive
10 allegations Mr. Perez makes. The undersigned therefore concludes that “justice . . . requires” the
11 Court to “freely grant” Mr. Perez leave to amend, Dkt. 114. See Martinez, 125 F.3d at 786.
But because the defendants did not have the chance to respond to Mr. Perez’s motion to
13 supplement the PAC with the proposed supplemental amended complaint, Dkt. 120, the Court
14 denies that motion. And because of the protracted process to this point and Mr. Perez’s failure to
15 comply with LCR 15, the Court orders that this be the final amendment. FRCP 15(a).
Accordingly, it is ORDERED:
directed to substitute Kara Hubbs for a Jane Doe on the docket.
shows good cause.
Plaintiff’s motion for leave to amend (Dkt. 114) is GRANTED. The Clerk is
Plaintiff’s motion to supplement the motion for leave to amend (Dkt. 120) is
No further amendments to the pleadings will be granted unless the moving party
The Clerk shall send a copy of this Order to Plaintiff and to counsel for
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND- 4
DATED this 2nd day of October, 2017.
Theresa L. Fricke
United States Magistrate Judge
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND- 5
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