Rose v. Williams
ORDER Adopting the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation: Magistrate Judge Aloi's Report and Recommendation [ECF No. 28 ] should be, and is,hereby ORDERED ADOPTED. Respondents Motion to Dismiss, or in the Alternative, Motion for S ummary Judgment [ECF No. 12 ] is hereby GRANTED, and the Petitioners Petition for Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is DENIED and DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. This matter is ORDERED STRICKEN from the Courts active docket. The Clerk is DI RECTED to enter judgment for the Respondent. Because the Petitioner is a federal prisoner seeking relief through a § 2241 petition, the Court makes no certificate of appealability determination in this matter. Signed by Chief Judge Gina M. Groh on 1/27/2017. Copy to pro se petitioner by cm,rr.(cmd) (Additional attachment(s) added on 1/27/2017: # 1 Certified Mail Return Receipt) (cmd).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA
JONATHAN P. ROSE,
CIVIL ACTION NO.: 3:16-CV-31
WARDEN J. SAAD,
ORDER ADOPTING THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
Currently before the Court is a Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) entered by
United States Magistrate Judge Michael J. Aloi on December 28, 2016. ECF No. 28.
Pursuant to Rule 2 of the Local Rules of Prisoner Litigation Procedure, this action was
referred to Magistrate Judge Aloi for submission of an R&R. Therein, Magistrate Judge
Aloi recommends that this Court grant the Respondent’s motion to dismiss or for summary
judgement, deny the Petitioner’s petition and dismiss the same with prejudice. The
Petitioner filed a reply to the R&R on January 18, 2017. ECF No. 30. Accordingly, this
matter is now ripe for adjudication.
On March 23, 2016, Jonathan P. Rose (“Petitioner”) filed a petition for habeas
corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. ECF No. 1. In his petition, the Petitioner argues
that the Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) has improperly calculated and failed to credit his time
served. Specifically, the Petitioner contends that he should be given credit for time served
from December 8, 2004, through June 2, 2005. On April 22, 2016, the Respondent filed
a motion to dismiss or for summary judgment. ECF No. 12. Thereafter, Magistrate Judge
Aloi entered a Roseboro notice [ECF No. 14], and the Petitioner filed a response on May
2, 2016. ECF No. 16.
On November 9, 2016, Magistrate Judge Aloi ordered the Respondent to file a
supplemental response, which was filed on November 22, 2016. ECF Nos. 18 & 21. The
Petitioner filed a reply to the Respondent’s supplemental response on December 12,
2016. ECF No. 27. On December 28, 2016, Magistrate Judge Aloi entered his R&R.
ECF No. 28. The Petitioner filed a reply to the R&R on January 18, 2017, which was
before the deadline for filing objections. ECF No. 30. The Court construes the Petitioner’s
reply to the R&R as objections to the same.
Upon reviewing the record, the Court finds that the facts as explained in the R&R
accurately and succinctly describe the circumstances underlying the Petitioner’s claim.
For ease of review, the Court incorporates those facts herein. On July 23, 2004, Petitioner
was arrested by state authorities in Michigan. At the time of his arrest, Petitioner was on
parole from a state sentence of six to twenty years, which was imposed in Wayne County,
Michigan, on May 13, 1998. On February 24, 2005, federal authorities borrowed the
Petitioner from state authorities pursuant to a writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum.
The Petitioner was returned to state authorities on March 2, 2005. On June 2, 2005, the
Petitioner was sentenced by the state to a term of imprisonment between seven years,
six months and twenty years on count one and a two year term on count two. ECF No.
13-1 at 12. Furthermore, the sentence on count one was consecutive to count two, and
the sentences on counts one and two were consecutive to the Petitioner’s parole. The
Petitioner disputes that the sentences were ordered consecutive to parole—meaning
consecutive to the remainder of the sentence for which his was parole was rescinded.
However, as addressed more fully in analysis portion of the R&R, this Court believes the
sentences were indeed ordered to run consecutive to parole.
Thereafter, the Petitioner was borrowed via a writ by federal authorities on a
number of occasions. On April 20, 2006, Petitioner was sentenced in the United States
District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan to a 120 month term of imprisonment.
The federal judgment included language that the Petitioner’s federal sentence was to
commence on the earlier of December 1, 2009, or when Petitioner was released from the
Michigan Department of Corrections. The Petitioner was returned to the state on April
21, 2006, and he remained in state custody until paroled on December 3, 2014. Based
on the language contained in the judgment of the Eastern District of Michigan, the BOP
approved Petitioner for a nunc pro tunc designation, and his federal sentence
commenced on December 1, 2009. The Petitioner’s projected release date—the date on
which he will complete serving his federal sentence with consideration for good conduct
time—is August 17, 2018.
II. LEGAL STANDARDS
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(c), this Court is required to make a de novo
review of those portions of the magistrate judge’s findings to which objection is made.
However, the Court is not required to review, under a de novo or any other standard, the
factual or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to those portions of the findings or
recommendation to which no objections are addressed. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140,
150 (1985). Further, failure to file timely objections constitutes a waiver of de novo review
and the Petitioner’s right to appeal this Court’s Order. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Snyder v.
Ridenour, 889 F.2d 1363, 1366 (4th Cir.1989); United States v. Schronce, 727 F.2d 91,
94 (4th Cir.1984). Pursuant to this Court’s local rules, “written objections shall identify
each portion of the Magistrate’s recommended disposition which is being challenged and
shall specify the basis for such objection.” LR PL P 12.2.
“When only a general objection is made to a portion of a magistrate judge’s reportrecommendation, the Court subjects that portion of the report-recommendation to only a
clear error review.”
Williams v. New York State Div. of Parole, No. 9:10-CV-1533
(GTS/DEP), 2012 WL 2873569, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. July 12, 2012). “Similarly, when an
objection merely reiterates the same arguments made by the objecting party in its original
papers submitted to the magistrate judge, the Court subjects that portion of the reportrecommendation challenged by those arguments to only a clear error review.” Taylor v.
Astrue, 32 F. Supp. 3d 253, 260-61 (N.D.N.Y. 2012). Courts have also held that when a
party’s objection lacks adequate specificity, the party waives that objection. See Mario v.
P & C Food Markets, Inc., 313 F.3d 758, 766 (2d Cir. 2002) (finding that even though a
party filed objections to the magistrate judge’s R&R, they were not specific enough to
preserve the claim for review). Bare statements “devoid of any reference to specific
findings or recommendations . . . and unsupported by legal authority, [are] not sufficient.”
Mario 313 F.3d at 766. Pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and this Court’s
Local Rules, “referring the court to previously filed papers or arguments does not
constitute an adequate objection.” Id.; See also Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b); LR PL P 12. Finally,
the Fourth Circuit has long held, “[a]bsent objection, we do not believe that any
explanation need be given for adopting [an R&R].” Camby v. Davis, 718 F.2d 198, 200
(4th Cir. 1983) (finding that without an objection, no explanation whatsoever is required
of the district court when adopting an R&R).
To summarize, the Petitioner is seeking to have time credited (December 8, 2004,
until he was sentenced on June 2, 2005) to his federal sentence that was already credited
toward the remainder of his state sentences, which he was serving when paroled by
Michigan. Accordingly, Magistrate Judge Aloi explained that the time period in question
cannot be applied against the Petitioner’s federal sentence as prior custody credit
because it would amount to double credit in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 3585(b).
The Petitioner lists four objections to the R&R. He argues that (1) he was in actual
physical custody of authorities during the period in question and received no credit for
that time served; (2) it is “totally absurd” to find that the period in question should not
count toward his federal sentence because it was served and credited pursuant to his
state parole sentences; (3) Michigan relinquished their vested interest in him as a
sovereign the moment the state gave him the opportunity to bond out; and (4) the
Magistrate Judge erroneously found that section seven was continued on section eight of
Michigan’s judgment and commitment order (“J&C”).
Upon review of all the filings in this matter, the Court finds that the Petitioner has
presented no new facts or arguments in his objections to the magistrate judge’s R&R.
Rather, the objections reiterate the same arguments the Petitioner made in his original
filings, which were considered by the magistrate judge when he issued the R&R.
Specifically, these arguments can be found in his § 2241 petition, response to the
Respondent’s motion to dismiss or for summary judgment, and reply to the Respondent’s
supplemental response. Moreover, the Petitioner cites no legal precedent whatsoever to
support any of his arguments or to rebut the magistrate judge’s conclusions contained
within the R&R. Therefore, the Court finds that de novo review is not required because
the Petitioner has failed to make specific objections that present new facts or arguments
not already before the magistrate judge.
Accordingly, finding that Magistrate Judge Aloi’s R&R carefully considers the
record and applies the appropriate legal analysis, it is the opinion of this Court that
Magistrate Judge Aloi=s Report and Recommendation [ECF No. 28] should be, and is,
hereby ORDERED ADOPTED for the reasons more fully stated therein.
Thus, the Respondent’s Motion to Dismiss, or in the Alternative, Motion for
Summary Judgment [ECF No. 12] is hereby GRANTED, and the Petitioner’s Petition for
Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is DENIED and DISMISSED WITH
PREJUDICE. This matter is ORDERED STRICKEN from the Court’s active docket.
The Clerk is DIRECTED to enter judgment for the Respondent. Because the
Petitioner is a federal prisoner seeking relief through a ' 2241 petition, the Court makes
no certificate of appealability determination in this matter. The Clerk is further DIRECTED
to transmit copies of this Order to all counsel of record and the pro se Petitioner.
DATED: January 27, 2017
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