Hernandez v. Johnson
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER: The court hereby OVERRULES plaintiff's objection and CONFIRMS and ACCEPTS the factual and legal analysis contained within the 8 Proposed Findings and Recommendation. Accordingly, the court DISMISSES plaintiff 039;s 1 Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus and DIRECTS the Clerk to remove this matter from the court's docket. The Court DENIES a certificate of appealability. Signed by Senior Judge David A. Faber on 3/13/2018. (cc: Plaintiff, pro se; attys) (mk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA
CIVIL ACTION NO. 1:15-15219
BARBARA RICKARD, Warden,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
By Standing Order, this action was referred to United States
Magistrate Judge Dwane L. Tinsley for submission of proposed
findings and recommendation.
Magistrate Judge Tinsley submitted
his proposed findings and recommendation on March 3, 2017.
that Proposed Findings and Recommendation (“PF&R”), Magistrate
Judge Tinsley recommended that the district court dismiss
plaintiff’s petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus under 28 U.S.C. §
2241 and remove this matter from the court’s docket.
In accordance with the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b), the
parties were allotted fourteen days, plus three mailing days, in
which to file any objections to Magistrate Judge Tinsley’s
Findings and Recommendation.
The failure of any party to file
such objections constitutes a waiver of such party's right to a
de novo review by this court.
Snyder v. Ridenour, 889 F.2d 1363
(4th Cir. 1989); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985).
this court need not conduct a de novo review when a petitioner
“makes general and conclusory objections that do not direct the
court to a specific error in the magistrate’s proposed findings
Orpiano v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th
After receiving an extension of time to do so, on April 24,
2017, Hernandez filed his objections to the PF&R.
to those objections, the court has conducted a de novo review.
After a jury trial occurring in August and September of
1998, a jury in the United States District Court for the Eastern
District of Michigan found Hernandez guilty of conspiracy to
possess cocaine with intent to distribute; murder-for-hire;
aiding and abetting an intentional killing; aiding and abetting a
firearms murder in relation to a drug trafficking crime; and
Hernandez v. United States, Crim. No. 95-cr-
80272, 2017 WL 131561, *1 (E.D. Mich. Jan. 13, 2017); see also
United States v. Reyes, 51 F. App'x 488, 493 (6th Cir. 2002).
May 20, 1999, Hernandez was sentenced to four concurrent terms of
life imprisonment and a concurrent term of 120 months on the
witness tampering conviction.
Magistrate Judge Tinsley concluded that plaintiff’s claim
was properly considered under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, and not 28 U.S.C.
§ 2241, because he was challenging the validity of the sentence
imposed by the United States District Court for the Eastern
District of Michigan.
Motions under § 2255 are to be filed in
the sentencing court.
However, because plaintiff had not
obtained authorization to file a second or successive § 2255,
Magistrate Judge Tinsley determined that plaintiff’s motion
should be dismissed rather than transferred to the sentencing
Magistrate Judge Tinsley also found that transferring the
action would likely be futile because Hernandez would not be
entitled to relief on the claims raised herein.
In the course of discussing the procedural history of
plaintiff’s case, Magistrate Judge Tinsley referred to
plaintiff’s first § 2255 motion, which was filed in the United
States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan.
magistrate judge noted that the motion was denied on January 13,
See PF&R at p.3 (ECF No. 8).
Plaintiff’s sole objection is to the PF&R’s statement that
his § 2255 motion in the Eastern District of Michigan had been
denied. Specifically, Hernandez writes:
This court has inaccurately stated that on January 13,
2017, [t]he United States District Court for the
Eastern District of [M]ichigan denied the Petitioner’s
§ 2255 motion as untimely. . . . To date [April 24,
2017], the § 2255 Motion Civil No. 2:16-cv-13355-GER is
still pending before the Sentencing Court; therefore,
Petitioner would [r]equest that this court will, if
anything, transfer the Petition.
Objections at p.1 (ECF No. 12).
However, Hernandez is the one
who is mistaken – his § 2255 motion was denied on January 13,
2017 and the action was dismissed, in its entirety, with
See Hernandez v. United States, Crim. No. 95-cr3
80272, 2017 WL 131561, *3 (E.D. Mich. Jan. 13, 2017).
Furthermore, for the reasons noted by Magistrate Judge Tinsley,
transfer of this motion to that court would be futile.
Based on the foregoing, the court hereby OVERRULES
plaintiff’s objection and CONFIRMS and ACCEPTS the factual and
legal analysis contained within the Proposed Findings and
Accordingly, the court DISMISSES plaintiff’s
petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus and DIRECTS the Clerk to
remove this matter from the court’s docket.
Additionally, the court has considered whether to grant a
certificate of appealability.
See 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c).
certificate will not be granted unless there is “a substantial
showing of the denial of a constitutional right.”
28 U.S.C. §
The standard is satisfied only upon a showing that
reasonable jurists would find that any assessment of the
constitutional claims by this court is debatable or wrong and
that any dispositive procedural ruling is likewise debatable.
Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336-38 (2003); Slack v.
McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000); Rose v. Lee, 252 F.3d 676,
683-84 (4th Cir. 2001).
The court concludes that the governing
standard is not satisfied in this instance.
court DENIES a certificate of appealability.
The Clerk is further directed to forward a copy of this
Memorandum Opinion and Order to counsel of record and to
plaintiff pro se.
IT IS SO ORDERED this 13th day of March, 2018.
David A. Faber
Senior United States District Judge
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