Robbins v. Bragg et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER adopting the 11 Proposed Findings and Recommendation, denying Mr. Robbins' 7 , 9 Applications to Proceed without Prepayment of Fees or Costs, denying Mr. Robbins' 12 Motion for Extension Time to File O bjections to Proposed Findings and Recommendation, dismissing Mr. Robbins' 1 COMPLAINT without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1951(g), and removing this matter from the docket. Signed by Judge Frank W. Volk on 11/14/2023. (cc: counsel of record; any unrepresented party) (msa)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF WEST VIRGINIA
EARL JAMES ROBBINS, SR.,
CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:21-cv-00136
MORGAN G. BRAGG;
Beckley City Police Department,
TIMOTHY C. BLEDSOE;
W.V. State Police, and KRISTEN
KELLER; Raleigh County Prosecutor,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Pending are Plaintiff Earl James Robbins, Sr.’s (1) Complaint [Doc. 1] seeking
relief under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, filed March 1, 2021, and (2) Applications to Proceed In Forma
Pauperis [Docs. 7, 9], filed December 17, 2023, and December 27, 2023.
This action was previously referred to the Honorable Omar J. Aboulhosn, United
States Magistrate Judge, for submission of proposed findings and a recommendation (“PF&R”).
Magistrate Judge Aboulhosn filed his PF&R on September 8, 2023. Magistrate Judge Aboulhosn
recommended that the Court deny Mr. Robbins’ Applications to Proceed In Forma Pauperis
pursuant to the three-strike rule, dismiss Mr. Robbins’ Complaint without prejudice pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1951(g), and remove this matter from the docket. Magistrate Judge Aboulhosn based his
recommendation on the fact that Mr. Robbins has filed at least three prior federal actions that have
been dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failing to state a viable claim.
The Court need not review, under a de novo or any other standard, the factual or
legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to those portions of the findings or recommendation
to which no objections are addressed. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); see also 28 U.S.C.
§ 636(b)(1) (“A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the
report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” (emphasis
added)). Failure to file timely objections constitutes a waiver of de novo review and the Petitioner’s
right to appeal the Court’s order. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); see also United States v. De LeonRamirez, 925 F.3d 177, 181 (4th Cir. 2019) (Parties may not typically “appeal a magistrate judge’s
findings that were not objected to below, as § 636(b) doesn’t require de novo review absent
objection.”); Snyder v. Ridenour, 889 F.2d 1363, 1366 (4th Cir. 1989). Further, the Court need not
conduct de novo review when a party “makes general and conclusory objections that do not direct
the Court to a specific error in the magistrate’s proposed findings and recommendations.” Orpiano
v. Johnson, 687 F.2d 44, 47 (4th Cir. 1982). Objections in this case were due on September 25,
2023. No objections were filed.
Rather, on September 27, 2023, Mr. Robbins filed a pro se Notice explaining he
agrees with Magistrate Judge Aboulhosn’s PF&R “in regards to proceeding in forma pauperis for
the reasons the Court stated pursuant to the three[-]strike rule.” [Doc. 12]. Nonetheless, Mr.
Robbins contends prison officials within the California Department of Corrections have unlawfully
removed several thousands of dollars from his inmate trust account. [Id.] He asserts he has won an
administrative appeal resulting in the return of these funds by October 30, 2023. [Id.] Upon return
of the funds, he contends he plans to pay his filing fee in full for this action and “hire a qualified
attorney at law that practice[s] federal law and will travel to Beckley, West Virginia to take over
this . . . case.” [Id.]. Mr. Robbins thus requests a sixty-day extension to pay his filing fee. [Id.].
Upon review, the Court concludes a sixty-day extension is unnecessary inasmuch
as Magistrate Judge Aboulhosn’s recommendation includes dismissing Mr. Robbins’ Complaint
without prejudice. In other words, Mr. Robbins remains free to refile this action should he obtain
the necessary funds to pay his filing fee in the future.
Accordingly, the Court ADOPTS the PF&R [Doc. 11], DENIES Mr. Robbins’
Applications to Proceed In Forma Pauperis [Docs. 7, 9], DENIES Mr. Robbins’ Extension
Request [Doc. 12], DISMISSES Mr. Robbins’ Complaint without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1951(g), and REMOVES this matter from the docket.
The Court directs the Clerk to transmit a copy of this written opinion and order to
any counsel of record and any unrepresented party.
ENTER: November 14, 2023
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