DAHLER v. Holinka
Order denying 7 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis on Appeal. Appeal not certified to be taken in good faith. Signed by Chief Judge Barbara B. Crabb on 5/5/09. (elc),(ps)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FO R THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN --------------------------------------------U N IT E D STATES OF AMERICA, ORDER Plaintiff, 09-cv-36-bbc v.
DAVID DAHLER, D efendan t. --------------------------------------------D efendant David Dahler has filed a notice of appeal and request to proceed in forma p au peris from the court's March 16, 2009 order construing his motion brought pursuant 2 8 U.S.C. § 2241 as a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 and dismissing it for lack of jurisdiction. Defendant has not asked this court to issue a certificate of appealability. T h erefo re, it is necessary to decide whether a certificate of appealability should issue and w hether defendant is entitled to proceed in forma pauperis. I conclude that the answer is no to both questions. As I explained to defendant in the March 16, 2009 order, although he did not style h is motion as a successive § 2255 motion, he cannot avoid the rule against the filing of
su ccessive petitions pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 simply by naming his motion something else. See United States v. Evans, 224 F.3d 670, 672 (7th Cir. 2000) (any postjudgment m otio n in criminal proceeding that fits description of 28 U.S.C. § 2255 ¶ 1 is motion under § 2255, requiring advance approval of court of appeals). Defendant's motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is a collateral attack upon the legitimacy of his sentence. Therefore, it is a successive petition that cannot be filed without prior certification from the court of a p p e a ls . Defendant is not entitled to a certificate of appealability on this issue because such a certificate can issue "only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right," 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). Defendant has not made that showing. He is challenging a non-constitutional rule that limits litigants to one challenge of their co n victio n s (with certain narrow exceptions not applicable in defendant's case). His is not a n issue on which reasonable jurists would disagree or one that should receive encouragem ent to proceed. According to Fed. R. App. P. 24(a), a defendant who is found eligible for courtappointed counsel in the district court may proceed on appeal in forma pauperis without further authorization "unless the district court shall certify that the appeal is not taken in goo d faith or shall find that the party is otherwise not entitled so to proceed . . . ." Therefore, he can proceed on appeal unless I find that his appeal is taken in bad faith. The
standard for making that finding is different from the standard for deciding whether to issue a certificate of appealability. Walker v. O'Brien, 216 F.3d 626, 631-32 (7th Cir. 2000). Applying this lower standard, I conclude that defendant is not proceeding in good faith. The law is clear on the subject of successive appeals. Defendant may honestly believe that he can evade the strictures of § 2255 by filing a motion instead of a successive petition, but his b eli e f has no basis in law or fact. Lee v. Clinton, 209 F.3d 1025, 1026 (7th Cir. 2000) (good faith is objective concept). No reasonable jurist could believe that defendant's appeal has merit. Accordingly, I certify that defendant's appeal is not taken in good faith and that he can n o t proceed in forma pauperis on appeal. Further, I decline to issue a certificate of
ap pealab ility. Pursuant to Fed. R. App. P. 22(b), if a district judge denies an application for a certificate of appealability, the defendant may request a circuit judge to issue the c e r t if i c a te . E n tered this 5th day of May, 2009. B Y THE COURT: /s/ B AR B AR A B. CRABB D istrict Judge
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