Jurak v. Grams et al
ORDER granting 18 Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Chief Judge Barbara B. Crabb on 12/14/2009. (eds),(ps)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FO R THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF WISCONSIN --------------------------------------------K EIT H A. JURAK, ORDER Plaintiff, 0 9 - cv -4 4 6 - b b c v. S G T . KOTTKA; C/O HOOPER; L T . KELLER; CAP. SALTER; and SGT. MORRISON; D efendan ts. --------------------------------------------In this lawsuit brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, plaintiff Keith Jurak, a prisoner at the Columbia Correctional Institution in Portage, Wisconsin, contends that defendants S gt. Kottka, C/O Hooper, Lt. Keller, Cap. Salter and Sgt. Morrison violated his co n stitu tio n al rights. He alleges that defendants disregarded a serious risk to his health and s a fe ty when they left him naked in a cell with no bed, no water supply and a clogged sink filled with debris that made it impossible for plaintiff to eat for two to three days. N ow before the court is defendants' motion for summary judgment on the grounds th at plaintiff has failed to exhaust his administrative remedies. Under Fed. R. Civ. P. 56, sum m ary judgment is appropriate if there are no genuine issues of material fact and the
m oving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. In ruling on a motion for summary judgm ent, the admissible evidence presented by the plaintiff must be believed and all reaso n ab le inferences must be drawn in plaintiff's favor. Hunter v. Amin, 583 F.3d 486, 489 (7th Cir. 2009). Defendants have attached no supporting affidavits and rely solely on the allegations in plaintiff's complaint. Plaintiff has responded with a brief in opposition and documents related to his administrative grievances. However, plaintiff's complaint and supporting do cum ents show that he did not complete the required administrative grievance process. B eca use there is no genuine issue of material fact related to exhaustion that requires a trial, defendan ts' motion will be granted. Id.
D I S C U S S IO N Under 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a), a prisoner must exhaust all available administrative rem edies before filing a lawsuit in federal court challenging conditions of confinement. Perez v. Wisconsin Dept. of Corrections, 182 F.3d 532, 537 (7th Cir. 1999) ("[A] case filed before exhaustion has been accomplished must be dismissed.) To satisfy exhaustion requirements, a prisoner must take all steps, including appeals, prescribed by the prison's grievance system. B u rrell v. Powers, 431 F.3d 282, 284-85 (7th Cir. 2005); Pozo v. McCaughtry, 286 F.3d 1022 , 1025 (7th Cir. 2002). Because exhaustion is an affirmative defense, defendants bear
th e burden of establishing that plaintiff failed to exhaust. Kaba v. Stepp, 458 F.3d 678, 681 (7th Cir. 2006); Dole v. Chandler, 438 F.3d 804, 809 (7th Cir. 2006). Wisconsin inmates have access to an administrative grievance system governed by the pro cedures set out in Wis. Admin. Code §§ DOC 310.01-310.18. Under these provisions, p riso n ers start the complaint process by filing an inmate complaint with the institution com plaint examiner. Wis. Admin. Code §§ DOC 310.09. The complaint examiner may investigate inmate complaints, reject them for failure to meet filing requirements, recom m end a disposition to the appropriate reviewing authority (the warden or the warden's designee) or direct the inmate to attempt to resolve the complaint informally. Id. at §§ 31 0.0 7(2 ), 310.09(4), 310.11, 310.12. If the institution complaint examiner makes a recom m enda tion that the complaint be granted or dismissed on its merits, the appropriate review i n g authority may dismiss, affirm or return the complaint for further investigation. Id. at § 310.12. If an inmate disagrees with the decision of the reviewing authority, he may app eal. Id. § 310.13. When prison officials reject a complaint on a procedural ground and decline to address the merits of a complaint, the inmate must cure the defect and resubmit his com plaint properly. If the prisoner does not cure his defect and resubmit his complaint, he has not exhausted his administrative remedies. In that event, any lawsuit the prisoner files later alleging the same claim must be dismissed. Dixon v. Page, 291 F.3d 485, 490 (7th Cir.
20 02 ) (prisoner did not exhaust when, after he did not receive relief he was promised, he did no t appeal to next level of review). Plaintiff was granted leave to proceed on his claim that defendants left him naked in a cell with no bed, a clogged sink and no running water. Plaintiff alleges that these events occurred between July 3 and July 7, 2009. In plaintiff's complaint, dated July 11, 2009, he states that Plaintiff Keith Jurak used the prisoner grievance procedure available at C o lum bia Correction to try and solve the problem on 07/05/09. Plaintiff Keith Jurak presented the facts relating to this complaint. On 07/06/09 it was returned because I didn't exhaust my remedies. I am go in g to resubmit one on Monday July 13, 2009. Plaintiff attached materials to his complaint showing that he submitted grievances ab ou t his clogged sink to the warden and the complaint examiner on July 5, 2009. Also, p lain tiff supplemented his complaint on July 24, 2009, dkt. #6, and September 9, 2009, dkt. #14, with materials showing that he attempted to file several grievances related to his clogged sink. He attached the same materials to his brief in opposition to defendants' m otio n for summary judgment. Dkt. #21. Complaint examiners returned or dismissed plaintiff's grievances, stating that he failed to utilize the "chain of command" to resolve his com plaints informally and included more than one issue in his complaint. Although plaintiff alleges that he did attempt to resolve the issue informally through the "chain of command" an d did not include multiple issues in his complaints, his allegations are irrelevant, because
all of his efforts, except for the initial complaint he filed on July 5, occurred after he filed this law su it. Plaintiff must exhaust all of his administrative remedies, including appealing fully an y rejected grievances, before he mails his complaint to the court. Ford v. Johnson, 362 F.3d 3 9 5 , 399 (7th Cir. 2004). Plaintiff may not exhaust administrative remedies while litigation in federal court is pending. Id. at 398. B ecause plaintiff did not utilize the administrative process correctly, he has not given th e institution a full opportunity to consider his complaint. Therefore, under the Prison L itigation Reform Act, his case must be dismissed without prejudice. 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a); Id. at 401 (dismissal for failure to exhaust is always without prejudice).
ORDER IT IS ORDERED that the motion for summary judgment, dkt. #18, filed by defendan ts Sgt. Kottka, C/O Hooper, Lt. Keller, Cap. Salter and Sgt. Morrison is G R AN TE D . This case is DISMISSED without prejudice for plaintiff Keith Jurak's failure
The clerk of court is directed to enter judgment for defendants.
Entered this 14t h day of December, 2009.
B Y THE COURT: /s/ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ B AR B AR A B. CRABB D istrict Judge
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